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date: 20 August 2019

Bhaktapur [Bhadgaon; Newari Khopa; Newari Khopva; anc. Khopriṅ]locked

  • Gautam Vajracharya

Extract

[Bhadgaon; Newari Khopa; Newari Khopva; anc. Khopriṅ]

City in the Kathmandu Valley, Nepal, 11 km east of Kathmandu and 10 km north-east of Patan. The youngest of the three sister cities of the Kathmandu Valley, Bhaktapur is associated with only a few inscriptions and artefacts of the Lichchhavi period (c.ad 300–c. 800). In the Transitional period (c. 800–1200) the small town grew, especially towards the west, apparently because of the opening of a new trans-Himalayan trade route. In 1147 Prince Anandadeva chose Bhaktapur as his capital (partly, it seems, to avoid power struggles in Kathmandu and Patan) and built the famous palace Tripura. Apparently the modern Bhaktapur Darbar Square originates from that early palace. From this time forward, politically as well as culturally noteworthy episodes began to occur in the previously isolated city. In the 14th century Prince Sthiti Malla (regc. 1382–95), who ruled from Bhaktapur, gradually came to control the turbulent political situation of the valley and firmly establish his dynasty. His grandson ...

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