(b Stuttgart, Jan 22, 1889; d Stuttgart, Aug 31, 1955).
German painter and writer. After an apprenticeship as a painter and decorator (1905–7), which was the initial stimulus of his great interest in the technical potential of painting materials, he studied at the Kunstakademie, Stuttgart. Of his teachers Adolf Hölzel was the most influential. His friends included Otto Mayer-Amden and Oskar Schlemmer, and he worked with Schlemmer and others on a pictorial wall frieze for the Cologne Werkbund exhibition in 1914 (see 1989 exh. cat., p. 19), through which he became known to a wider circle. After serving as a soldier in the Balkans and the Caucasus during World War I, he returned to Stuttgart where he worked as a typesetter, a stage designer and an architectural perspective artist.
Baumeister’s first successes were in the 1920s. French critics viewed his Wall Pictures (1920–23; e.g. Wall Picture with Metal, oil, gold and pieces of card on canvas, 1923...