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date: 15 December 2019

Barracco, Giovannilocked

(b Isola di Caporizzuto, Crotone, Calabria, April 28, 1829; d Rome, Jan 14, 1914).
  • Giovanna Cassese


(b Isola di Caporizzuto, Crotone, Calabria, April 28, 1829; d Rome, Jan 14, 1914).

Italian museum founder and politician . Born into the Calabrian nobility, he had a Classical education and then studied law. He continued his studies in Naples, where he settled in 1849, soon establishing a friendship with the Neapolitan archaeologist Giuseppe Fiorelli (1823–96) that initiated his passion for archaeology. Following the unification of Italy, he embarked on a parliamentary career and moved to Rome; he served as a Deputy (1861–76 and 1880–86) and from 1886 as a Senator. In his dual role as Senator and expert on art, he closely followed Gaetano Koch’s restoration of the seat of the Senate, the Palazzo Madama, Rome, about which he published an essay in 1904.

The proclamation of Rome as the capital of Italy resulted in an intense period of building and excavation, which brought to light a huge quantity of antique sculpture. Barracco had until then been primarily interested in Egyptian art, but now began to collect Classical sculpture, establishing one of the most important private collections of the time. He accumulated Egyptian, Assyrian and Classical sculptures, as well as a few early Renaissance paintings, such as ...

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