- Xavier Moyssén
(b Hacienda de San Juan Bautista, Durango, Mar 15, 1890; d Mexico City, Dec 21, 1965).
Mexican sculptor. He served in the Mexican Revolution before enrolling in the Academia de S. Carlos, continuing his studies from 1919 at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris. On his return to Mexico in 1921, he began a fruitful career as teacher and artist, applying an academic naturalism to official public monuments of nationalist inspiration such as monument to the Fatherland (1924; Mexico City, Mus. N. Hist.). His most ambitious works relating to the revolution are the monument to Obregón (1933; Mexico City, Avenida Insurgentes), Proletarian Family (1934; Mexico City, Inst. Poli. N.), and the monument to Francisco Villa (1957; Chihuahua, Avenida División del Norte). He also treated other subjects, such as female nudes and portraits, sometimes in wood or cast bronze, which contain reference to Pre-Columbian art. Essentially he was an artist resistant to change, a staunch and honorable traditionalist.Nelken, M. Ignacio Asúnsolo. Mexico City, 1957....