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date: 17 October 2019

Argentina, Republic of [República Argentina].locked

  • Irene Fanning,
  • Mario Tesler,
  • Jorge Glusberg,
  • Cheryl Jiménez Frei,
  • Nelly Perazzo,
  • Christopher Hartop,
  • Jorge F. Rivas Pérez,
  • Ruth Corcuera,
  • Marta Arciprete de Reyes,
  • Julieta Zunilda Vaquero
  •  and Marta Calvo

Extract

[República Argentina]

South American country. It is bordered to the north by Bolivia and Paraguay, to the northeast by Brazil and Uruguay, to the east by the Atlantic Ocean, and to the west by Chile (see fig.). Buenos Aires is the capital city, and the country is divided administratively into several areas. The mild and fertile Pampa region in the center accounts for the country’s agricultural wealth; the Andes in the west range from dry, hot, northern peaks to sub-Antarctic Patagonia; the arid northwest is rich in mineral reserves. The north is covered by subtropical forest, known as the Chaco. Mesopotamia, to the northeast, is enclosed by two great rivers, the Paraná and the Uruguay, which 16th-century Spanish expeditioners followed in search of the gold and silver that they believed Argentina (“the land of silver”) concealed. This varied hinterland has, nevertheless, remained underdeveloped at the expense of the over-populated capital; around a third of the total population lives there and in the surrounding province. The majority of the population is of European descent, particularly Spanish and Italian, but also including British, German, French, Lebanese, Syrian, Eastern European, and Jewish communities, with growing immigration coming from neighboring countries and East Asia as well. The population of African descent that was introduced through slavery during colonial rule has all but disappeared, not least as a result of an epidemic of yellow fever in ...

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[flourished]