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date: 13 November 2019

Anunciação, Tomás José dalocked

(b Lisbon, Oct 26, 1818; d Lisbon, April 3, 1879).
  • Lucília Verdelho da Costa


(b Lisbon, Oct 26, 1818; d Lisbon, April 3, 1879).

Portuguese painter. He belonged to the first generation of romantic artists in Portugal and specialized in paintings of landscapes and animals. From 1837 until 1844 he attended the Academia de Belas-Artes in Lisbon, where, with other pupils, he protested against the teaching methods of the Academia, which was dominated by the classical tradition of António Manuel da Fonseca.

Anunciação was to advocate the practice, new in Portugal, of painting out of doors. In fact, however, his landscapes were rather stiff and conventional, effects emphasized by his continued use of sepia glazes. They show the influence of the classical landscape tradition of Pierre Antoine Quillad and Jean Pillement, who worked in Portugal, on the one hand, and, on the other, that of the genre painting of Auguste Roquement (1804–52), whom Anunciação much admired. In his scenes of shepherds or herdsmen the landscapes are always subordinate to the main themes and are intended to complete the compositions with backgrounds of foliage and trees....

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