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date: 20 November 2019

Aligny, Théodore Caruelle d’locked

(b Chaume, Nevers, Jan 24, 1798; d Lyon, Feb 24, 1871).
  • Patrick Ramade

Extract

(b Chaume, Nevers, Jan 24, 1798; d Lyon, Feb 24, 1871).

French painter. His father was the artist Jean-Baptiste Caruelle (d 1801). About 1859 he added to his name that of his stepfather, Claude Meure-Aligny. He spent his early life in Paris, leaving the Ecole Polytechnique in 1808 to frequent the studios of Jean-Baptiste Regnault and the landscape artist Louis-Etienne Watelet (1780–1866). He exhibited at the Salon for the first time in 1822 with Daphnis and Chloe (untraced), which went unremarked. He finished his apprenticeship with the customary journey to Italy, staying in Rome from 1822 to 1827. During 1826 and 1827 he became friendly with Corot, whom he acknowledged as his master, although Aligny preceded Corot in his repeated studies of the Roman countryside and even appears to have led the way for the group of landscape artists who stayed there at the same time as himself, such as Edouard Bertin and Prosper Barbot. The sketches from this period (Rennes, Mus. B.-A. & Archéol., and Rome, Gab. Stampe) already bear witness to his conception of landscape as an organization of form and mass. He established himself in Paris in ...

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