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<p>&#160;Printed from Grove Art Online. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a single article for personal use&#160;(for details see Privacy Policy).</p><p>date: 24 June 2019</p>


  • Judith McKenzie,
  • Gordon Campbell,
  • R. R. R. Smith,
  • Wiktor A. Daszewski,
  • A. H. Enklaar,
  • Dominic Montserrat,
  • C. Walters
  •  and Wladyslaw B. Kubiak
  • , revised by Sheila S. Blair
  •  and Jonathan M. Bloom


Egyptian city situated on the Mediterranean coast west of the delta of the River Nile, capital of Egypt from c. 320 bc to ad 642, seaport and centre of ancient Greek culture.

Alexandria was founded in 331 bc by Alexander, on the site of the small Egyptian settlement of Rhakotis. Its location, with access by canal to the River Nile, enabled it to become an important and highly prosperous trading centre, and by ...

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