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date: 23 October 2019

Alcalá de Henareslocked

  • Miguel A. Castillo

Extract

Spanish city in Castile, 30 km east of Madrid. It lies on the site of the Roman city of Complutum and a subsequent Moorish fortification, the castle (Arab. al-Kalá) of Qal‛at ‛Abd al-Salám. A small Mozarabic settlement developed here at the supposed site of the martyrdom of SS Justus and Pastor. From the 13th century Alcalá was the country retreat of the archbishops of Toledo; its considerable growth during the Middle Ages was due partly to Archbishop Carrillo’s extension of the city walls in 1454, but most of all to the founding of the Complutensian University there in 1498 (transferred to Madrid, 1836) by Cardinal Cardinal Francisco Jiménez de Cisneros. The university occupied more than a third of Alcalá within the walls. Two radial streets were extended with a rectilinear layout of parallel side-streets, and this regular plan dominates the university area and links it with the medieval part of the city, from which it is separated by the Plaza Mayor....

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