- Olivier Michel
- and Luca Leoncini
Italian family of ecclesiastics, patrons and collectors.
(b Urbino, July 22, 1649; elected Nov 23, 1700; d Rome, March 19, 1721).
He became a cleric at the age of 28 after pursuing studies in law, literature, philosophy and theology in Rome. When working within the curia he acted in succession as governor of Rieti, Spoleto and Orvieto. In this same period he was involved in the academic activities of the intellectual circle around Christina, Queen of Sweden. He was created a cardinal in 1690, receiving the title first of S Maria in Aquiro, then of S Adriano and finally of S Silvestro in Capite. As cardinal he initiated the restoration of S Brigida, Rome, where the ceiling fresco by Biagio Puccini of St Bridget in Glory (late 1690s) incorporates his papal coat of arms. His pontificate as Clement XI was disturbed by the War of the Spanish Succession (...