Show Summary Details

Page of

 Printed from Grove Art Online. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a single article for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy).

date: 18 October 2019

Alba Iulia [Hung. Gyulafehérvár]locked

  • Suzana More Heitel

Extract

[Hung. Gyulafehérvár]

Romanian city in Transylvania. It was founded on the site of the Roman fort and settlement of Apulum, the ruins of which include a palace with mosaics. The nucleus of the medieval city is the fortress situated on a terrace of the River Mureş. In the south-east of the fortress four churches were built. The first, a rotunda partially preserved in the present Roman Catholic cathedral, is thought to date from c. 950 and was probably dedicated to St John the Baptist. It comprises a circular Roman tower, reused as the nave of the church with the addition of a semicircular apse. The second building, a single-aisled church with a semicircular apse, dates from the first half of the 11th century. This church, probably the first Roman Catholic cathedral, appears to have been founded by Stephen I, King of Hungary (reg 1000–38). It was probably used until the construction in the late 11th century of the first basilica at Alba Iulia. Architectural and sculptural fragments from the basilica survive in the present cathedral above the south door....

You do not currently have access to this article

Login

Please login to access the full content.

Subscribe

Please subscribe to access the full content.