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date: 28 May 2020

Agucchi [Agocchi; Agucchia; dalle Agocchie], Giovanni Battista [Machati, Gratiadio]locked

(b Bologna, Nov 20, 1570; d San Salvatore, Jan 1, 1632).
  • Peter Boutourline Young

Extract

[Machati, Gratiadio]

(b Bologna, Nov 20, 1570; d San Salvatore, Jan 1, 1632).

Italian prelate, diplomat and theorist. He had a successful career as a papal diplomat, serving his uncle Filippo Sega, the Apostolic nuncio to France, in 1591, and later the Secretary of State, Cardinal Pietro Aldobrandini; from 1621 he was private secretary to Pope Gregory XV, and in 1623 he was appointed Bishop of Amasea by Urban VIII and Apostolic nuncio to the Republic of Venice, where he remained until 1630. He then left Venice to escape the plague, moving first to Oderzo and then, in 1631, to San Salvatore.

A man of letters and a member of Bologna’s Accademia dei Gelati, Agucchi was also a lover of mathematics and astronomy: he conducted a lengthy correspondence with Galileo Galilei in 1611–13. His importance for art history is considerable, even though his reputation rests mainly on the surviving fragment of his Trattato della pittura (Bologna, Bib. U., MS. 245). This was published in the preface by ...

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P. Portoghesi, ed.: Dizionario enciclopedico di architettura e urbanistica, 6 vols (Rome, 1968–9)
G. Meissner, ed.: Allgemeines Künstler-Lexikon: Die bildenden Künstler aller Zeiten und Völker, 3 vols (Leipzig, 1983–90/R Munich, 1992) [see also Thieme–Becker below]
Dizionario biografico degli italiani (Rome, 1960–)