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  • The foremost scholarly art encyclopedia, updated regularly and covering global art and architecture from prehistory to present day
  • Includes peer-reviewed articles contributed by nearly 7,000 scholars from around the world, accompanied by images, bibliographies, and links to additional resources

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Record Prices

Record Prices

Record prices do not offer foolproof indication of an artist’s value or the direction of the market. A record public sale may take place after an even larger private transaction, giving the appearance of rising value even if a work has been sold at a loss. Reported record prices are not corrected for transaction costs, nor do they reveal the volatility of the underlying asset. As bubbles are inherent in art price formation, record prices may be a premonition of corrective art market busts.

The Market for Prints

The Market for Prints

The commercial life of a print can begin with a range of players: the printmaker, printer, print publisher, a specialized print-seller, or a print’s owner. The market for prints became more attuned to individual impressions in the 19th century, as the rise of catalogues raisonnés expanded public knowledge about the works of particular printmakers. An individual print’s value could be further enhanced by its ownership history, visible in a volume’s bindings or via owners’ marks on a single print.

In this update, Grove Art publishes 9 new articles, 9 emendations, and 45 article revisions.

Dulwich Pink Gallery

Collection Guides

Join Oxford Art Online on a tour of unique art collections around the world! Written by experts and curators, our Collection Guides present the history and highlights of museums and galleries.

Image of the TEFAF

Grove Guide to the Art Market

Explore the new Grove Art subject guide on the art market, which brings together articles related to finance, art law, provenance, cultural heritage, collecting, connoisseurship, galleries, auction houses, and dealers.

Collection of art


UpdateGAO is an ongoing initiative to revise Grove’s articles in collaboration with their original authors, yielding updates to reflect recent developments and new scholarship. Have you contributed to Grove and want to update your article(s)? Let us know.

Christies employees taking phone bids at an auction

Latin American Art

Grove Art continues a major initiative to revise and expand Grove’s content on Latin American art and architecture. Led by Tom Cummins at Harvard University, this project includes scholarship on topics from the Pre-Columbian period to present day.