Welcome to Grove® Art Online

  • The foremost scholarly art encyclopedia, updated regularly and covering global art and architecture from prehistory to present day
  • Includes peer-reviewed articles contributed by nearly 7,000 scholars from around the world, accompanied by images, bibliographies, and links to additional resources

Learn more

Sheik Lotfallah Mosque

Photo of Sheik Lotfallah mosque

Vibrant tiles in complex geometric patterns adorn the domed prayer hall in the Sheik Lotfallah mosque in Isfahan, Iran (1603–19). The interior glows with light filtered through double ceramic grilles that cover 16 windows in the drum under the dome.

Bridges in Islamic architecture

Photo of the Khaju Bridge

In Isfahan, Iran, the Khaju Bridge (1642–67) not only controls the flow of the Zayanderud River but also provides space for recreation and leisure. With 24 arches and covered arcades on two stories, it offers separate lanes for pedestrians and caravans, as well as steps down to the water on the lower side of each pier.

In this update, Grove Art publishes 4 revised articles, as well as 37 emendations across both dictionaries.

Dulwich Pink Gallery

Collection Guides

Join Oxford Art Online on a tour of unique art collections around the world! Written by experts and curators, our Collection Guides present the history and highlights of museums and galleries.

Image of the TEFAF

Grove Guide to the Art Market

Explore the new Grove Art subject guide on the art market, which brings together articles related to finance, art law, provenance, cultural heritage, collecting, connoisseurship, galleries, auction houses, and dealers.

Collection of art


UpdateGAO is an ongoing initiative to revise Grove’s articles in collaboration with their original authors, yielding updates to reflect recent developments and new scholarship. Have you contributed to Grove and want to update your article(s)? Let us know.

Christies employees taking phone bids at an auction

Latin American Art

Grove Art continues a major initiative to revise and expand Grove’s content on Latin American art and architecture. Led by Tom Cummins at Harvard University, this project includes scholarship on topics from the Pre-Columbian period to present day.