Welcome to Grove® Art Online

  • The foremost scholarly art encyclopedia, updated regularly and covering global art and architecture from prehistory to present day
  • Includes peer-reviewed articles contributed by nearly 7,000 scholars from around the world, accompanied by images, bibliographies, and links to additional resources

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John Singer Sargent

Madame X

Although Sargent’s Madame X scandalized viewers and almost derailed his career, he remarked upon its sale, “I suppose it is the best thing I have done.”

Gustave Courbet

Julie Dash - Daughters of the Dust

Strong political views motivated Gustave Courbet, famed for his paintings of the late 1840s and early 1850s depicting peasants and laborers; an enduring opponent of state power, Courbet wrote about the ties between art and politics, and his career influenced the development of modernism.

In this update, Grove Art publishes 376 articles with updated structure, as well as related emendations.

Explore the full list of what has been recently published and revised on Oxford Art Online.

Dulwich Pink Gallery

Collection Guides

Join Oxford Art Online on a tour of unique art collections around the world! Written by experts and curators, our Collection Guides present the history and highlights of museums and galleries.

Pronunciation Guide for Artist Names

Pronunciation Guide for Artist Names

Explore the new Grove Art pronunciation guide to the names of modern and contemporary artists.  Listen to recordings of scholars pronouncing a selection of names from Ann Demeulemeester to Cai Guo-Qiang to Francisco Zúñiga.

Collection of art


UpdateGAO is an ongoing initiative to revise Grove’s articles in collaboration with their original authors, yielding updates to reflect recent developments and new scholarship. Have you contributed to Grove and want to update your article(s)? Let us know.

Christies employees taking phone bids at an auction

Latin American Art

Grove Art continues a major initiative to revise and expand Grove’s content on Latin American art and architecture. Led by Tom Cummins at Harvard University, this project includes scholarship on topics from the Pre-Columbian period to present day.