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Andrew Oddy, Sarah Staniforth, Jill Dunkerton, Myriam Serck-Dewaide, David Leigh, and Perry Smith

Terms for the preservation of the manmade material remains of the past. Conservation is an all-embracing term that includes the processes of cleaning, stabilization, repair and restoration. To many people, the words ‘conservation’ and ‘restoration’ are interchangeable, and this confusion is exacerbated by the fact that in French a conservateur is the equivalent of an English curator, and a restaurateur is most usually rendered in English by the title conservator. The English title of restorer is now little used within the museum profession but is widely employed in the antiques and antiquities trade to mean someone who ‘restores’ a painting or an object to make it more functional and/or saleable. Restoration is also in general use as a term to describe the repair and renovation of ancient buildings and historic monuments, but its meaning is not really so far removed from the limited use in the museum to mean a part of the whole process of conservation....