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Article

Albertin, André  

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 4 June 1867, in Grenoble; died 1933, in Grenoble.

Painter, watercolourist. Landscapes.

André Albertin was a journalist and art critic who learned painting from Laurent Guétal and Ernest Hareux. He exhibited at the various Paris Salons in 1895, 1896 and ...

Article

Auerbach, Arnold  

British, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1898, in Liverpool; died 1978, in London.

Sculptor, painter, printer. Portraits, cityscapes, still-lifes.

Arnold Auerbach took art classes at the Liverpool Institute as a boy before going on to study at the Liverpool School of Art. He also studied in Paris and in Switzerland. He was enlisted during World War I, but was invalided out of the army in ...

Article

Aylmer, George R.  

British, 19th – 20th century, male.

Draughtsman.

George R. Aylmer contributed illustrations, mainly of historical subjects, to the London Art Journal.

Article

Barillet, F.  

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Active in Nevers (Nièvre) at the end of the 19th century.

Painter, draughtsman, lithographer. Figures.

As well as being an artist, Barillet was also a printer.

Versailles, 26 Oct 1980: Fishermen on the River (1904, oil on canvas, 18 × 22 ins/45.5 × 55 cm) ...

Article

Baschet, Marcel-André  

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 5 August 1862, in Gagny; died 1941.

Painter, pastellist. Portraits.

Marcel-André Baschet was the son of the art publisher Ludovic Baschet. In 1879, he attended the Académie Julian and then studied with Jules Lefèbvre and Gustave Boulanger at the École des Beaux-Arts. He was awarded the Prix de Rome in ...

Article

Bignami, Adolfo  

Italian, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1846, in Bologna; died 13 April 1906, in Bologna.

Painter, engraver.

Bignami lived and worked for several years in Florence. Together with his pupils Signorini, Costa and Turletti, he founded the journal Arte in Italia (The Arts in Italy) as a mouthpiece for the younger school of Italian engravers. Bignami also painted a number of landscapes, one of which ( ...

Article

Booth, Franklin  

American, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1874, in Carmel (Indiana); died 1943, in New York.

Draughtsman.

Franklin Booth was a student at the Westfield Quaker Academy, Indiana, and at the Art Institute of Chicago. He started out as a journalist and illustrator for the Indianapolis News...

Article

Bradley, William H.  

American, 19th – 20th century, male.

Active in New York.

Painter (gouache), watercolourist, illustrator. Landscapes.

William Bradley collaborated on Collier's Weekly and other illustrated journals. A William Bradley exhibited portraits at the Royal Academy, the Suffolk Street Gallery and the New Water-Colour Society in London from 1872 to 1889...

Article

Cabrera Canto, Fernando  

Spanish, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 8 October 1866, in Alcoy (Valencia); died 2 January 1937, in Alcoy.

Painter, watercolourist, pastellist. Portraits, genre scenes, landscapes.

Cabrera Canto was born into a family of printers, and early on learned the art of engraving and lithography. He was a pupil of Lorenzo Casanova in Alcoy, and then in Alicante, where he received a grant to study in Italy in ...

Article

Carl-Rosa, Mario Cornilleau Raoul  

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1855, in Loudun; died July 1913, in Garches.

Painter. Landscapes, seascapes.

Carl-Rosa contributed to various periodicals as an author and a journalist, including La Presse, La Cocarde ('Cockade') and Le National. His earlier landscapes with river views, villages and occasional herds of animals are distinguished by his subtle treatment of autumnal light. By contrast, his seascapes are decidedly more powerful and painted with verve and a predilection for strongly-contrasting tones....

Article

Colman, Samuel (ii)  

Merrill Halkerston

(b Portland, ME, March 4, 1832; d New York, March 26, 1920).

American painter, interior designer and writer. Colman grew up in New York, where his father, Samuel Colman, ran a successful publishing business. The family bookstore on Broadway, a popular meeting place for artists, offered Colman early introductions to such Hudson River school painters as Asher B(rown) Durand, with whom he is said to have studied briefly around 1850. Having won early recognition for his paintings of popular Hudson River school locations (see Storm King on the Hudson), he was elected an Associate of the National Academy of Design in New York in 1854. Most of Colman’s landscapes of the 1850s, for example Meadows and Wildflowers at Conway (1856; Poughkeepsie, NY, Vassar Coll., Frances Lehman Loeb A. Cent.), reveal the influence of the Hudson River school. An avid traveller, he embarked on his first European tour in 1860, visiting France, Italy, Switzerland and the more exotic locales of southern Spain and Morocco. His reputation was secured in the 1860s by his numerous paintings of romantic Spanish sites, notably the large ...

Article

Cornet y Palau, Cayetano  

Spanish, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 7 August 1878, in Barcelona; died 31 March 1945, in Barcelona.

Draughtsman, caricaturist.

Cornet y Palau was the founder of and principal contributor to the satirical journal Cu-Cut which played an important role during the period of political instability in Catalonia in the 1900s. He used to sign his drawings with a small heart as a reference to his name: ...

Article

Dudovich, Marcello  

Italian, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 21 March 1878, in Trieste; died 1962, in Milan.

Painter, draughtsman.

Dudovich studied in Bologna, where he worked for a publisher named Chappuis. He also worked in Munich for the publisher Ricordi, and for the Simplisissimus review. He exhibited in Milan in ...

Article

Flandrin, Jules  

(b Corenc, nr Grenoble, July 9, 1871; d Corenc, May 1947).

French painter, printmaker and draughtsman. While still at the Lycée de Grenoble he took courses in drawing and modelling. Abandoning his baccalauréat he joined a firm of printers in Grenoble in 1889 where he learnt the techniques of lithography while continuing his other art courses. Having done his military service he moved to Paris in 1893 and enrolled at the Ecole des Arts Décoratifs, which he attended during 1894. Late in 1894 he also enrolled at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts where, impressed by his ability, Gustave Moreau took him into his studio in 1895 even before he had passed the entrance examination. He remained there until Moreau’s death in 1898 and also received encouragement and advice from Pierre Puvis de Chavannes at this time.

Flandrin first exhibited in 1896, at the Salon du Champ de Mars in Paris, with a number of paintings and lithographs. After becoming an associate member of the Société Nationale des Beaux-Arts in ...

Article

Frecskay, Laszlo von  

Hungarian, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 25 June 1844, in Budapest; died 1916.

Painter, illustrator. Genre scenes.

Laszlo von Frecskay studied in Vienna where he collaborated on various journals. He finally returned to his native city in 1911.

New York, 29 Feb 1984: End of Dinner...

Article

Havell family  

Patrick Conner

English family of artists. Daniel Havell (d ?1826) was an engraver and publisher of topographical and architectural works distinguished by a delicacy of line. He worked in London and was for a time in partnership with Robert Havell I (1769–1832), a painter, engraver and publisher. According to their descendants, Robert was undeniably Daniel’s son, though there is evidence to suggest that he may have been his uncle. The family firm engraved work by William Havell, a cousin of Daniel Havell, and a painter and traveller. Robert Havell I later became self-employed and set up in business for a time in Oxford Street with his son Robert Havell jr. In 1839 Robert Havell jr went to the USA at the invitation of John James Audubon, for whom he had engraved many of the plates for Birds of America. Ernest Binfield Havell, a great-nephew of William Havell, seems to have inherited the family love of travel and painting and became a distinguished art teacher in India and a scholar of Indian art....

Article

Hölzel [Hoelzel], Adolf  

Colin J. Bailey

(b Olmütz, Moravia, May 13, 1853; d Stuttgart, May 17, 1934).

German painter. While still at school he became familiar with lithography and printing methods with the intention of joining his father’s thriving publishing firm. His later decision to study art eventually met with his father’s approval, and from 1876 until 1879 he trained at the Akademie der Bildenden Künste, Vienna. In 1879 he transferred to the Akademie der Bildenden Künste in Munich, where until 1881 he continued his training under Carl Barth and Wilhelm von Diez (1839–1907). After a study tour with the German painter Arthur Langhammer (1854–1901) he returned to Munich to paint.

A visit to Paris in the 1880s had a decisive effect on Hölzel’s future development. He frequented the studios of Manet and Monet and was particularly impressed by the plein-air paintings of the Impressionists. As a direct result both his style and his technique underwent immediate change. Whereas his early work was executed in the realistic manner of Diez, and his paintings of the early 1880s (e.g. ...

Article

Katzourakis, Kyriakos  

Greek, 20th century, male.

Born 1944, in Athens.

Painter.

Nouvelle Figuration.

Kyriakos Katzourakis studied at the school of fine arts in Athens from 1963 to 1968. His paintings are realist in style and use a typeset layout reminiscent of journalistic discourse, juxtaposing images, the aim being to accuse and seek revindication. He has taken part in collective exhibitions and had his first solo exhibition in Athens in ...

Article

Keith, William  

Marc Simpson

(b Oldmeldrum, Aberdeenshire [now Grampian], Nov 21, 1838; d Berkeley, CA, April 13, 1911).

American painter of Scottish birth. He arrived in New York as a boy in 1850 and was hired as a wood-engraver by the publishing firm of Harper & Brothers in 1857. In 1859 he established himself as a wood-engraver in San Francisco. Keith soon began to make watercolours of the state’s spectacular mountain scenery, and in 1868 he turned to oil painting. After spending two years (1870–72) travelling first to Düsseldorf, where he admired the landscapes of Andreas Achenbach (1815–1910), then to Paris, where he saw the work of the Barbizon painters, and to New York and Boston, he returned to the American West. There he travelled widely during the next decade with the photographer Carleton E. Watkins and the naturalist and conservationist John Muir (1838–1914). From 1883 to 1885 Keith studied informally in Munich; he returned to Europe in 1893 and 1899. In the mid-1880s he was influenced by the philosophical teachings of Emanuel Swedenborg (...

Article

La Jeunesse, Ernest  

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1874, in Paris; died 1914.

Painter, illustrator.

Mainly a journalist, art critic, theatre critic and novelist, Ernest La Jeunesse contributed caricatures to satirical publications such as l'Assiette au beurre, and he illustrated one of their works, Ouste ! in 1893...