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French, 18th century, male.

Born 29 September 1703, in Paris; died 30 May 1770, in Paris.

Painter, watercolourist, pastellist, draughtsman (including red chalk/ink/wash), illustrator, engraver, lithographer. Historical subjects, mythological subjects, religious subjects, allegorical subjects, portraits, rustic scenes, genre scenes, interiors with figures, animals, landscapes with figures, landscapes...



Japanese, 18th century, male.

Born 1716, in the village of Kema, near Osaka; died 1783.

Painter, draughtsman, illustrator, decorative artist. Landscapes, animals. Screens.

Nanga School.

Buson was one of the creators of the Nanga (literati) School. It was only at the beginning of the 17th century that the ...


Dutch, 18th century, male.

Born 27 September 1696, in The Hague; died 1775, in The Hague.

Painter, miniaturist, copyist, decorative designer. Portraits.

Hendrik Carré studied with his father Hendrik Carré the Elder. In Amsterdam and at The Hague he painted theatre scenery, ceilings, interior decoration, portraits, miniatures and copies....


Jane Shoaf Turner

(b Altona, Germany, June 11, 1741; d Amsterdam, Nov 9, 1799).

Dutch draughtsman and painter. He was the son of Johannes Cats, a Dutch bookdealer who moved back to Amsterdam from Germany following the death of his second wife shortly after Jacob’s birth. Jacob was trained as a bookbinder and as an engraver, first under Abraham Starre and later with Pieter Louw (d 1800). After further training with the pattern designer Gerard van Rossum (c. 1690–1772), he became a wallpaper painter in the Amsterdam factory of Jan Hendrik Troost van Groenendoelen, for whom he worked for three and a half years. Cats then established his own wallpaper factory, with financial assistance from his relative Willem Writs and from Jan de Bosch and Johann Goll van Franckenstein the elder. Cats was also a skilled amateur draughtsman, specializing in topographical views and landscapes, such as Two Shepherds Conversing before a Large Tree (Hamburg, Ksthalle). He also made copies (e.g. New York, O. Naumann priv. col., sold New York, Christie’s, ...


German, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 16 October 1726, in Danzig (now Gdansk, Poland); died 7 February 1801, in Berlin.

Painter, engraver, miniaturist, enameller, illustrator. Religious subjects, mythological subjects, portraits, genre scenes, landscapes.

Of Polish origin, he went to Berlin in 1743. Originally a painter of enamels, he then, after studying under Christian Bernhard Rode, gained a name for himself through the publication of the Berlin academy almanac, for which he executed a series of plates illustrating the main scenes of the ...


Gordon Campbell

(b c. 1706; d 1753).

English engraver, designer of trade cards and furniture designer. In 1746 he published A New Book of Ornaments, and subsequently collaborated with Matthias Lock on a second edition (1752). The New Book contains designs for side-tables, torchères, clocks, frames, pier-glasses and fireplaces, very much in the Rococo idiom but also including such chinoiserie motifs as ho-ho birds and oriental figures. Copland also provided plates for the ...


British, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1757, in London; died 1831, in Highgate.

Painter, watercolourist, miniaturist, enameller, draughtsman, illustrator. History painting, figures, portraits, landscapes.

Richard Corbould was a highly versatile artist, working in several different artistic fields. He painted landscapes, portraits and sometimes historical subjects with as much facility as he showed in his porcelain and enamel work. He also produced miniatures and illustrations....


Dutch, 18th century, male.

Born 2 July 1693, in Amsterdam; died 16 September 1775, in Amsterdam.

Painter, watercolourist, draughtsman (including red chalk/wash), engraver, illustrator, decorative artist. Mythological subjects, allegorical subjects, portraits, urban landscapes, architectural views, landscapes, figures. Wall decorations.

Louis Fabricius Dubourg was a pupil of Gérard de Lairesse, Jan van Huysum, and then Rademaker and Bernard Picard. He was sexton of the church of Amstel in Amsterdam. He painted a number of ceilings, mantelpieces and watercolours. Engravings for which he is noted include ...


French, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1749, in Versailles; died 1825, in Paris.

Painter (including gouache), watercolourist, sculptor, draughtsman (wash), engraver, decorative artist. Mythological subjects, allegorical subjects, historical portraits, hunting scenes, interiors with figures, gardens. Stage costumes and sets, furniture, designs for fabrics, frontispieces.

Dugourc's father, who was in the service of the Duke of Orléans, had a considerable fortune. Dugourc was permitted to attend the lessons taken by the Duke of Chartres (the future Philippe-Égalité), and at the age 15 left for Rome, attached to the embassy of the Count of Cani. From his infancy, he had shown an aptitude for drawing, perspective and architecture. However, the death of his mother, followed shortly after by the loss of his father's fortune, changed his life. From being an amateur, Dugourc became a professional artist, and executed paintings, sculptures and engravings. In a work published in ...


Klaus Lankheit


(b ?April 9, 1691; d Mannheim, Jan 11, 1752).

German sculptor, stuccoist, draughtsman and illustrator. He was the most important sculptor active in Franconia and the Palatinate in the first half of the 18th century; nevertheless, although his very individual late Baroque sculpture, mostly carved in wood, was highly regarded by his contemporaries, he was quickly forgotten after his death. His rich oeuvre was severely depleted, particularly as a result of World War II. It was only after that date that his importance was reassessed. Egell probably served an apprenticeship with the Würzburg sculptor Balthasar Esterbauer (1672–1722) and collaborated on the interior decoration of the Banz monastery. His first documented work is an expressive Crucifix made in 1716 for St Michael’s Monastery in Bamberg (now in St Otto, Bamberg). His stylistic development was affected by his work between 1716–17 and 1719 as one of the team directed by Balthasar Permoser, which made all the sculptural decorations at the Zwinger in Dresden for ...


Gordon Campbell

(b 1719; d 1775).

American cabinetmaker whose workshop was in Charleston, SC. His account book (1768–75) is an important document in the history of 18th-century American furniture. His furniture is signed with a diamond and figure eight, and is often decorated with a fretwork pattern of circular or oval shapes.

S. A. Humphrey...


Swiss, 18th century, male.

Born 4 July 1751, in Geneva; died 3 March 1807, in Geneva.


Jean Favre studied enamel painting with the illustrator M.T. Bourrit. In 1772, he went to Paris, where he worked in the studio of the enamel painter Loehr. He became friends with Jacques Thouron, working with him to produce enamels for jewellery, portraits and copies of the old masters. On his return to Geneva, he executed mainly portrait drawings....


Rosamond Allwood

(fl c. 1790–c. 1839).

English furniture designer. In the mid-1830s he described himself as ‘an upholsterer of fourty five years experience’. He produced a series of pattern books containing designs for furniture and upholstery that was widely used by commercial cabinetmakers. The Modern Style of Cabinet Work Exemplified (1829) was reprinted in an improved version in 1835 and was still in demand in the trade as late as 1862, when it was reissued unaltered. King claimed that ‘as far as possible the English style is carefully blended with Parisian taste’ in the 227 designs, but he also included Grecian and Gothic furniture. King’s interpretation of the prevailing French taste is a typically confused mixture of bold Baroque scrolls and lighter Rococo curves. His Designs for Carving and Gilding (1830) contains both Greek and Rococo Revival designs, as does Modern Designs for Household Furniture (n.d.). In 1833 King published a book of full-size designs for makers of cabinets, chairs and sofas, turners and carvers entitled ...


(b Paris, 1701; d Paris, Sept 5, 1758).

French cabinetmaker. He was the son of the cabinetmaker Pierre Migéon I (b c. 1670). He started work in 1726, as his day-book (Paris, Bib. N.), originally attributed to his father, indicates. As much a dealer as a craftsman, Migéon sold a large number of luxury objects to a cosmopolitan clientele, and subcontracted extensively to colleagues. He carried out many commissions for the Garde Meuble de la Couronne, both directly and through the cabinetmakers Antoine-Robert Gaudreaus and Gilles Joubert. He worked in the Louis XV style using geometric veneering, some floral marquetry and lacquer, enhanced by beautiful bronze mounts. His most important works include desks (e.g. Paris, Louvre; Stockholm, Kun. Husgerådskam.), commodes, corner-cupboards (e.g. Munich, Residenzmus.; Basle, Haus Kirschgtn) and secrétaires en pente (e.g. Washington, DC, N.G.A.). After his death, his son Pierre Migéon III (1733–75) and later his son’s widow continued to use his stamp until ...