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Article

Brown, Everald  

Veerle Poupeye

(b St. Ann, 1917; d 2003).

Jamaican painter and sculptor. A self-taught mystic and visionary, unknown until the late 1960s, he drew his artistic inspiration from a very personal interpretation of two Afro-Christian Jamaican cults, Rastafarianism, and Revivalism. His imagery developed through meditation and techniques similar to the automatism of the Surrealists. The curious limestone formations found in Jamaica frequently served as a source of inspiration, as in Bush Have Ears (1976; Kingston, N.G.). He also made ritual objects, such as carved wooden staffs and decorated musical instruments. During the 1970s he worked in close collaboration with his son Clinton Brown (b 1954), who also received substantial critical acclaim.

Poupeye-Rammelaere, V. “The Rainbow Valley: The Life and Work of Brother Everald Brown.” Jamaica Journal 21, no. 2 (May–June 1988): 2–14.Mosquera, G. “Everald Brown.” In Ante América, 25–30. Bogotá, Banco de la República, 1992. Exhibition catalog.Poupeye, V. Caribbean Art. London, 1998.Poupeye, Veerle...

Article

Figueiredo, Luiz Carlos  

Brazilian, 20th century, male.

Born 1944, in Cuiaba (Mato Grosso).

Painter, sculptor. Religious subjects, figures, scenes with figures, local scenes. Designs for tapestries.

Figueiredo paints in a picturesque style, in bright but harmonious colours, showing scenes of daily life or imaginary scenes; he also sculpts papier mâché figures of people in movement. For many years his main source of inspiration was the town of Conservatoria in the state of Rio. He founded an open art studio for children....

Article

Garafulic, Lily  

Chilean, 20th century, female.

Born 14 May 1914, in Siantago; died 15 March 2012.

Sculptor. Religious subjects, figures.

In 1934, Lily Garafulic enrolled at the school of fine arts in Santiago. She studied under Lorenzo Dominguez who, together with Julio Antonio Vásquez and Samuel Román, brought about a unique blossoming in Chilean statuary. In ...

Article

Nadzov, Alexis  

Chilean, 20th century, male.

Born 23 July 1907, in Valparaíso.

Sculptor, draughtsman, illustrator. Religious subjects, mythological subjects, portraits.

Nadzov had an exhibition of his drawings in Paris in 1933. He illustrated many books and produced portraits of prominent figures. His sculptures were inspired by subjects from antiquity and religion, and he created stage sets for ...

Article

Piqueras, Jorge  

Peruvian, 20th century, male.

Born 18 July 1925.

Sculptor, painter.

Jorge Piqueras held the chair of painting and sculpture at the Catholic University in Lima from 1953 to 1955. He also spent many years in Italy. His work was interrupted when he was sent to prison following a traffic accident. On his release in ...

Article

Santos  

James Cordova and Claire Farago

Term that refers to handmade paintings and sculptures of Christian holy figures, crafted by artists from the Hispanic and Lusophone Americas. The term first came into widespread use in early 20th-century New Mexico among English-speaking art collectors to convey a sense of cultural authenticity. Throughout the Americas, the term imagenes occurs most frequently in Spanish historical documents. Santos are usually painted on wood panels (retablos) or carved and painted in the round (bultos). Reredos, or altarpieces, often combine multiple retablos and bultos within a multi-level architectural framework.

European Christian imagery was circulated widely through the Spanish viceroyalties in the form of paintings, sculptures, and prints, the majority of which were produced in metropolitan centres such as Mexico City, Antigua, Lima, and Puebla, where European- and American-born artists established guilds and workshops. These became important sources upon which local artists elsewhere based their own traditions of religious image-making using locally available materials such as buffalo hides, vegetal dyes, mineral pigments, and yucca fibres, commonly employed by native artists long before European contact....

Article

Tejada, Hernando  

Colombian, 20th century, male.

Born 1924, in Risaralda; died 1998.

Painter, engraver, illustrator, sculptor, designer. Religious subjects, figures, scenes with figures. Frescoes, mosaics.

Tejada was a pupil at the Escuela Departamental de Artes Plásticas de Cali, and then at the Academia de Arte de Bogotá, where he worked under the direction of Alejandro Obregón. He received his diploma in ...

Article

Vilaire, Patrick  

Haitian, 20th century, male.

Born 16 September 1941, in Port-au-Prince.

Sculptor.

Patrick Vilaire was educated in the French school in Haiti and learnt Western techniques such as ceramics. A non-practising Catholic, he is not involved in voodoo, but is very attached to local myths and in ...

Article

Zorilla de San Martin, José Luis  

Uruguayan, 20th century, male.

Born 6 September 1891, in Montevideo.

Sculptor, painter.

The son of the Romantic poet, Juan Zorrilla de San Martin who wrote of the exploits of the heroes of Uruguayan independence and defended the Catholic cause in his writings, José Luis gained a solid artistic training. His taste led him towards classical art. His paintings and sculptures are inspired by ancient art and do not conform to modern styles. He won a prize at the Salon des Artistes Français for his contribution ...