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Bell, Robert Anning  

British, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 14 April 1863, in London; died 27 November 1933, in London.

Painter, sculptor, engraver, illustrator. Figure compositions, religious subjects, mythological subjects, landscapes.

Robert Anning Bell was the pupil of Aimé Morot in Paris and of Sir George Frampton in London. He taught at University College, Liverpool (...


Bernard, Émile  

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 28 April 1868, in Lille; died 16 April 1941, in Paris.

Painter (gouache), watercolourist, sculptor, engraver, draughtsman, illustrator. Religious subjects, mythological subjects, nudes, portraits, genre scenes, still-lifes, landscapes, urban landscapes. Designs for tapestries.


School of Pont-Aven.

Émile Bernard plays a singular role in the history of painting in the late-19th century. As demonstrated by the important retrospective of his work mounted by the Fondation Mona Bismarck in Paris in 1991, he was the often-overlooked originator of a number of highly innovative movements (Cloisonnism, Synthetism, even Symbolism), whose paternity he claimed with vehemence in his writings, before he turned his back on them all with equal forcefulness later in life. He moved to the western Paris suburb of Asnières with his family in 1881, and showed an early interest in painting, studying at the Atelier Cormon from the age of 16. Here he met his mentor, Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, and subsequently Van Gogh. Expelled from the studio in 1886 for insubordination and lack of discipline, he travelled to Normandy and Brittany, where he encountered Gauguin and his followers from the Pont-Aven School. In the same year, he painted the ...


Cousin, Jean, the Younger  

French, 16th century, male.

Born c. 1522, probably in Sens (Yonne); died c. 1594, in Paris.

Painter, sculptor, engraver, draughtsman, illustrator. History painting, religious subjects, mythological subjects.

Fontainebleau School.

Jean Cousin the Younger was a pupil of his father Jean Cousin the Elder and worked for most of his life in Sens....


Doré, Paul Gustave Louis Christophe, Called Gustave  

French, 19th century, male.

Born 6 January 1832, in Strasbourg; died 23 January 1883, in Paris.

Painter (including gouache), watercolourist, sculptor, engraver, lithographer, draughtsman, illustrator. Mythological subjects, religious subjects, military subjects, genre scenes, portraits, landscapes. Monuments, groups, statues.

The first ten years of Gustave Doré's life were spent in Strasbourg, surrounded by the medieval Gothic and ancien régime architecture typical of the Alsace. These surroundings made a lasting impression on the young Doré, as did the splendid Renaissance spiral staircase in his parents' home in the Rue des Écrivains (as Hans Haug notes in his preface to the catalogue of the Doré retrospective held in Strasbourg in 1854). Strasbourg and Alsace were fated to figure prominently (albeit in duly transliterated form) in the work of the gifted and precocious Doré, notably in his illustrations for Balzac's ...


Fourié, Albert Auguste  

French, 19th century, male.

Born 1854, in Paris; died 17 December 1937, in L'Isle-Adam (Val-d'Oise).

Painter, sculptor, engraver, illustrator. Religious subjects, genre scenes, landscapes, landscapes with figures.

He enrolled at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris, where he studied sculpture under Jean Gautherin; he subsequently turned to painting and studied under Jean-Paul Laurens. Fourié exhibited for the first time at the Paris Salon in ...


Fragonard, Alexandre Evariste  

French, 19th century, male.

Born October 1780, in Grasse; died 10 November 1850, in Paris.

Painter, sculptor, illustrator, lithographer. History painting, religious subjects, mythological subjects. Murals.

Alexandre Evariste studied under his father Jean-Honoré Fragonard and under Jacques-Louis David. He exhibited at the Paris Salon from 1799 to 1842...


Garouste, Gérard  

French, 20th – 21st century, male.

Active in Marcilly-sur-Eure from 1984.

Born 10 March 1946, in Paris.

Painter (including gouache), installation artist, sculptor, engraver, draughtsman, illustrator. Mythological subjects, religious subjects, figure compositions, genre scenes, portraits, nudes, landscapes, still-lifes. Wall decorations, stage sets.

Nouvelle Figuration.

Gérard Garouste was mostly self-taught. He went to the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris for a brief period in ...


Gérôme, Jean-Léon  

French, 19th century, male.

Born 11 May 1824, in Vesoul (Haute-Saône); died 10 January 1904, in Paris.

Painter (including gouache), watercolourist, sculptor, engraver, draughtsman, copyist. Mythological subjects, religious subjects, genre scenes, nudes, portraits, landscapes with figures.


Jean-Léon Gérôme attended secondary school in his native Vesoul and graduated with a bachelor’s degree in 1840. Determined to make his way as a painter, he moved to Paris to study under Paul Delaroche at the École des Beaux-Arts from 1842. He followed in Delaroche’s footsteps to Rome and attended life classes there. Gérôme returned to France in 1844 and worked in Charles Gleyre’s atelier. He entered the Prix de Rome but did not reach the final stages (although he won the prize for draughtsmanship). The workers’ revolution of 1848 saw him appointed to a captaincy in the National Guard. Gérôme travelled widely, visiting Italy, Turkey, the Danube region and Egypt and, on each occasion, returned with a large portfolio of sketches and studies. His marriage to one of the daughters of the publisher Goupil proved socially advantageous and he quickly made a name for himself to the extent that his work began to sell for substantial sums. He was appointed to a professorship at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris in 1864, then to membership of the Institut de France (1865). As a teacher his influence was substantial and he was known to be most supportive of his pupils.1865 was an annus mirabilis in terms of his career, when he was invited to the royal court at Compiègne. He continued to travel, visiting Grenada in 1883. In 1893 he was nominated, together with Benjamin Constant, to the honorary co-presidency of the Société des Peintres Orientalisants; this was followed by his election as officer first class of the Légion d’Honneur (1898). Jean Gérôme exhibited for the first time at the Paris Salon in 1847 at the age of 23, showing a composition entitled ...


Konrad, Ignace  

Hungarian, 20th century, male.

Active in France from 1927.

Born 31 January 1894, in Ketujfalu; died 23 February 1969, in Paris.

Painter, sculptor, engraver, illustrator. Historical subjects, religious subjects, portraits, equestrian subjects.

Ignace Konrad was a pupil at the academy of fine arts of Budapest, and became a teacher there in ...


Morel, Louise  

French, 20th century, female.

Born 18 December 1898, in Grenoble; died 27 November 1974.

Painter, draughtswoman, sculptor, engraver (wood), illustrator, watercolourist, pastellist, lithographer. Figures, portraits, landscapes, landscapes with figures, still-lifes. Murals, church decoration.

Louise Morel followed courses from 1916 at the École des Beaux-Arts de Grenoble, where she later taught drawing and gave the first course in modelling from life or on site. In ...


Moretti, Raymond  

French, 20th century, male.

Born 1931, in Nice; died 3 June 2005.

Draughtsman, painter (gouache), sculptor, engraver, poster artist, illustrator, designer. Religious subjects, figures, portraits. Postage stamps.

Raymond Moretti lived and worked in Courbevoie. After producing strictly figurative painting he undertook, around 1970, an enormous construction which he showed mainly in Paris in ...


Pasquier, Jacques  

French, 20th century, male.

Born 9 April 1932, in Caen.

Painter, watercolourist, engraver, lithographer, illustrator, sculptor. Scenes with figures, landscapes. Murals, church decoration, stage costumes and sets.

Jacques Pasquier built up an entomological collection from 1946 to 1956, while also drawing comic strips. He started oil painting in ...


Puryear, Martin  

American, 20th century, male.

Born 23 May 1941, in Washington DC.

Sculptor (wood/stone/bronze), draughtsman, engraver (wood), illustrator.

Martin Puryear studied biology, painting and illustration at the Catholic University of America in Washington DC, then took a degree in Art and Architecture at Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut in ...


Sanz, Roman  

Spanish, 19th century, male.

Born 28 February 1829, in Sacedon, near Guadalajara (Castile-La Mancha).

Painter, watercolourist, sculptor, engraver, draughtsman, illustrator. Religious subjects, portraits, genre scenes, still-lifes, flowers.

Roman Sanz was a pupil of Juan Galvez, Antonio Brabo and F. Elias at the Academia de Bellas Artes in Madrid. He exhibited at various joint exhibitions, including the exhibitions of the national fine arts society of Madrid ...


Skøvgaard, Joaquim  

Danish, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 18 November 1856, in Copenhagen; died 9 March 1933, in Copenhagen.

Painter, sculptor, potter, engraver, illustrator. Religious subjects, genre scenes. Designs for mosaics, murals.

Joaquim Skøvgaard was the son of Peter Kristian Skøvgaard. He exhibited on various occasions in Paris, most notably at the Expositions Universelles of ...


Smith y Mari, Ismael  

Spanish, 20th century, male.

Active in the USA from 1919.

Born 16 or 17 July 1886, in Barcelona; died 1972, in White Plains (New York).

Painter, sculptor, engraver, draughtsman, illustrator. Religious subjects, portraits, genre scenes, landscapes.

Ismael Smith y Mari was a pupil of R. Casella in Barcelona; he then continued his studies in Paris at the École des Arts Décoratifs ...


Sutherland, Graham Vivian  

British, 20th century, male.

Born 24 August 1903, in London; died 17 February 1980, in London.

Painter (mixed media/gouache), draughtsman, engraver, illustrator, sculptor. Religious subjects, portraits, landscapes, animals. Designs for tapestries.

London Group.

Graham Sutherland was the son of a government lawyer. He studied at Epsom College and was subsequently employed in the workshops of a railway company. He drew in his free time, and in 1921, aged 18, he decided to take a course in drawing and print-making at Goldsmith's College, London. He married, left art school and settled in Kent. In 1926 Sutherland converted to Catholicism from Anglicanism. He taught print-making at Chelsea Art School from 1930 to 1939 and became a member of the governing committee of the Tate Gallery. From 1947 he divided his time between Kent and the French town of Menton, in the Alpes-Maritimes....


Tejada, Hernando  

Colombian, 20th century, male.

Born 1924, in Risaralda; died 1998.

Painter, engraver, illustrator, sculptor, designer. Religious subjects, figures, scenes with figures. Frescoes, mosaics.

Tejada was a pupil at the Escuela Departamental de Artes Plásticas de Cali, and then at the Academia de Arte de Bogotá, where he worked under the direction of Alejandro Obregón. He received his diploma in ...