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Anderson, Akili Ron  

American, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 19 February 1946, in Washington DC.

Painter, sculptor, draughtsman, engraver, photographer, video artist, glassmaker, decorative designer. Theatre design.

AfriCobra Group.

Akili Ron Anderson attended the Corcoran School of Art and Howard University in Washington DC where he lives and works. He is a member of AfriCobra (African Commune of Bad Relevant Artists) founded in ...


Baron-Renouard, François  

French, 20th century, male.

Born 19 April 1918, in Vitré.

Painter (including mixed media). Designs for tapestries, designs for stained glass, designs for mosaics.

François Baron-Renouard is the grandson of the painter and engraver Paul Renouard. He studied for his diploma at the École Supérieure des Arts Décoratifs in Paris where he was taught by François Desnoyer, Maurice Brianchon and Raymond Legueult. He was an officer in the air force ...


Benzaken, Carole  

French, 20th – 21st century, female.

Active in Los Angeles since 1997.

Born 1964, in Grenoble.

Painter, video artist. Designs for stained glass.

Carole Benzaken was a student in Paris at the École des Arts Appliqués, and then studied under Kermarrec and Cueco at the École des Beaux-Arts. She won a prize for painting at the École des Beaux-Arts in ...


Bertholle, Jean  

French, 20th century, male.

Born 26 June 1909, in Dijon; died 6 December 1996, in Paris.

Painter, collage artist, engraver, draughtsman. Wall decorations, designs for mosaics, stained glass windows, tapestries, stage costumes and sets.

A pupil at the École des Beaux-Arts in Lyons in 1930, Bertholle studied in Paris from 1932-1934, and subsequently attended classes run by the painter Roger Bissière at the Académie Ranson, where he met his friends and associates Manessier, Etienne-Martin, Le Moal and Véra Pagava. He was artistic director of the Gien porcelain factory from 1943-1957, and taught at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris from 1965-1980. He was a member of the Institut de France, a Chevalier of the Légion d'Honneur and a Commander of the Ordre des Arts et des Lettres. Initially an admirer of Puvis de Chavannes, whose work he had encountered at the city museum in Lyons, Bertholle later discovered Manet (at the Paris Exposition Universelle of 1932), and through the latter, Van Gogh and Renoir. Following his early, highly-coloured Expressionist period, Bertholle was greatly influenced by the Flemish fantasies of Breughel and Heironymus Bosch, and ultimately by the Surrealists - as may be seen in his painting of the ...


Boty, Pauline  

Catherine M. Grant

(b Carshalton, Surrey, Mar 6, 1938; d London, July 1, 1966).

English painter and collagist. She studied stained glass at Wimbledon School of Art (1954–8), and at the Royal College of Art, London (1959–61). At the Royal College she continued to work with stained glass whilst privately making Surrealist-influenced collages and abstract paintings. Painting became the focus of her practice after finishing college, and in 1961 she exhibited alongside artists such as Peter Blake and two other painters in one of the first exhibitions of British Pop Art (London, AIA Gal.). Boty became a well-known personality in London during the 1960s, attracting attention for her striking looks and minor roles in television drama as well as through her reputation as a painter. In 1962 she and her eclectic collages were featured in Ken Russell’s BBC television film documenting British Pop, Pop Goes the Easel. By 1963 she had evolved a Pop vocabulary in her paintings using images of celebrities such as Elvis Presley and Marilyn Monroe with a celebratory and humorous approach to female sexuality. In ...


Bozzolini, Silvano  

Italian, 20th century, male.

Active from 1947 mainly active in France.

Born 3 November 1911, in Fiesole, Tuscany; died February 1998.

Painter, collage artist, woodcut artist, illustrator. Designs for stained glass, designs for mosaics.

Groups: Arte d'Oggi, Espace.

Silvano Bozzolini studied art in Rome in 1928, continuing to study alone in Milan in the following year. In Florence, between 1931 and 1933, he studied the Tuscan Primitives, and was enthusiastic about the work of Masaccio, Giotto, Piero della Francesca and Uccello. In 1936, he enrolled at the art school there. From 1940 to 1943, he served in Mussolini's army in Albania, and subsequently in Greece, where he was wounded. Towards the end of the war, he joined the underground resistance. In 1946-1947, he became a member of the Arte d'Oggi (Art of Today) group. He visited Paris in 1947 and decided to settle there, becoming friends with the French painter, Jean Dewasne, the Hungarian painter, Victor Vasarely, and the French painter of Italian origin, Gilioli. He also met the Danes, Robert Mortensen and Egil Jacobsen, the Russian painter, Poliakoff, and in 1948 Jean Arp and Sonia Delaunay. He was also associated with Jean Deyrolle, and his fellow countryman, Alberto Magnelli, whose paintings were similar to his own. Thus he entered the circle of those artists who were to become the second abstractionist generation, becoming a member of their ...


Cournault, Étienne  

French, 20th century, male.

Born 15 March 1891, in Malzéville near Nancy; died 1948, in Paris.

Painter (including mixed media), pastellist, fresco artist, engraver, draughtsman, illustrator, designer. Portraits, still-lifes. Painting and gilding on glass.

Union des Artistes Modernes group.

Étienne Cournault was encouraged to become an artist by his grandfather, who had been a friend of Delacroix. He began studies at the École des Beaux-Arts in Nancy, but preferred to work led by his own enquiries, oriented towards Impressionism until ...


Dessaigne, Jean  

French, 20th century, male.

Born 31 January 1939, in Paris.

Painter, installation artist. Murals, wall decorations, designs for stained glass.

After studying at the Académie de la Grande Chaumière, the Académie Julian and Municipality of Paris evening courses, Jean Dessaigne worked on models of environmental management. His standard format painting often seems to make reference to Matisse's graphics on coloured backgrounds. In ...


Driskell, David Clyde  

American, 20th century, male.

Born 7 June 1931, in Eatonton (Georgia).

Painter, draughtsman (including ink), collage artist, print artist, sculptor, collector, art historian. Religious subjects, figures, portraits, figure compositions, scenes with figures, landscapes. Designs for stained glass.

David C. Driskell earned a BFA at Howard University in ...


Duncan, John Mckirdy  

British, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1866, in Dundee, Scotland; died 1945, in Edinburgh.

Painter (including gouache/mixed media), watercolourist, draughtsman, illustrator. History painting, mythological subjects, genre scenes, landscapes, seascapes. Murals, designs for stained glass.

John McKirdy Duncan studied at the Dundee School of Art and then spent three years in London before leaving for Antwerp and Düsseldorf. During his time on the continent he spent a winter in Rome and developed a deep admiration for the work of Michelangelo. When he returned to Dundee he became a member of the Graphic Arts Association. From ...


Ertan, Simona  

Romanian, 20th century, female.

Active in Argentina from 1940 and in France from 1961; naturalised in 1981 in France.

Born 27 November 1923, in Bucharest.

Painter, engraver, ceramicist, collage artist. Figures, landscapes. Designs for stained glass.

Neo-Constructivism, Symbolism.

Simona Ertan took classes in drawing, painting and linoleum engraving in Bucharest from 1934 to 1940. At the end of 1940 she left with her family for Argentina and settled in Buenos Aires. There, while continuing to paint, she took classes in aesthetics and pottery. In 1950, her encounter with Picasso's ...


Estève, Maurice  

French, 20th century, male.

Born 2 May 1904, in Culan (Cher); died 27 June 2001.

Painter (including gouache), watercolourist, pastellist, collage artist, lithographer, draughtsman. Figures, genre scenes, sporting subjects, still-lifes, urban landscapes. Designs for tapestries, and stained glass windows.

Poetic Reality.

Maurice Estève spent his childhood with his grandparents in his native town of Culan, and the countryside and nature were always to be for him a rich source of inspiration. His grandmother, the most important presence in his youth, was the first to encourage him in his artistic leanings. In 1913, he went to Paris to join his parents, his father (a shoemaker) and his mother (a dress designer). He soon felt at home in the capital and visited the Louvre (some biographers say on his own initiative) as an observer, where he was impressed by Courbet, Delacroix, Chardin, Tintoretto and Paolo Uccello's ...


Farreras Ricart, Francisco  

Spanish, 20th century, male.

Born 1927, in Barcelona.

Painter, collage artist. Designs for stained glass, murals.

Francisco Ferreras Ricart trained in Madrid with Stolz and Vásquez Díaz. He lives and works in Madrid and has produced mural decorations.

He has participated in the Venice Biennale in ...


French, Leonard  

Australian, 20th century, male.

Born 10 October 1928, in Brunswick, near Melbourne.

Painter (mixed media), muralist, stained glass painter.

Leonard French studied signwriting at Melbourne Technical College from 1944 to 1947. He worked his way through London, Ireland, and Belgium between 1949 and 1951, studying as he went. In ...


Giacometti, Augusto  

Swiss, 20th century, male.

Born 16 August 1877, in Stampa; died 9 July 1947, in Zurich.

Painter, watercolourist, pastellist, mixed media, engraver, draughtsman. Designs for stained glass, designs for mosaics, murals.


Augusto Giacometti was the younger brother of Giovanni Giacometti and the uncle of Alberto and Diego Giacometti. He has been almost forgotten today, but was well-known at the beginning of the 20th century for the monumental decorations which he was commissioned to produce. He studied at the school of decorative arts in Zurich for three years and then went to study in Paris in 1897, where he took a course at the École des Arts Décoratifs and also studied under Eugène Grasser at the training college for art teachers. He became a teacher at the art college in Florence in 1907. Between 1900 and 1916 he published his research into colour in a work entitled ...


Londot, Louis-Marie  

Belgian, 20th century, male.

Born 1924, in Namur.

Painter, assemblage artist. Scenes with figures. Murals, designs for stained glass.

Louis-Marie Londot took part in architectural collaborations in churches and public buildings. He often painted on a grand scale.

Brussels (Mus. royaux des Beaux-Arts de Belgique)...


Mandeville, Bernard  

French, 20th century, male.

Born 16 November 1921, in Rouen; died 21 October 2000.

Painter, collage artist, mosaicist, sculptor, illustrator. Designs for stained glass.

Bernard Mandeville created many monuments, including: 1967, a mural at the faculty of medicine in Clermont-Ferrand; 1968, stained glass windows in a church in Brioude; 1973, a fountain and a gearwheel in enamelled lava at Hérouville-St-Clair. He has illustrated several literary works, including many Eugène Guillevic anthologies....


Marcoussis, Louis  

Polish, 20th century, male.

Active in France from 1903.

Born 14 November 1883, in Warsaw; died 22 October 1941, in Cusset, France.

Painter (including gouache), watercolourist, collage artist, engraver, draughtsman, illustrator. Portraits, landscapes, still-lifes. Glass paintings.

Group: Section d'Or.

Markus studied at the school of fine arts in Cracow from 1901, before moving to Paris in 1903, where he worked briefly in the studio of Jules Lefebvre and became a friend of Roger de la Fresnaye and Loriton. He made a trip to Spain, which had little effect on his art. In 1910, he met Braque and Picasso and then Apollinaire, who re-named him Marcoussis after a village near Monthléry in Île de France. In 1914, he joined the French army and ended World War I as an artillery officer. In 1933, he visited America....


Martens, Michel  

Belgian, 20th century, male.

Born 1921, in Wervik.

Painter, collage artist, sculptor. Designs for stained glass.

Michel Martens was self-taught. He became a master glassmaker who used glass elements in his sculpture and collages.

Buffalo (Albright-Knox AG)



Méheut, Mathurin  

French, 20th century, male.

Born 1882, in Lamballe; died 22 February 1958, in Paris.

Painter (including gouache/mixed media), watercolourist, potter, engraver, draughtsman, illustrator, designer. Genre scenes, animals, landscapes. Murals, designs for tapestries, designs for stained glass, designs for glazed earthenware.

Méheut studied at the École des Beaux-Arts in Rennes from 1898 and subsequently enrolled at the École Nationale des Arts Décoratifs in Paris and followed the courses of Eugène Grasset at the École Normale d'Enseignement du Dessin. In 1914, he set off on a world trip which enabled him to paint in Hawaii and in Japan, but which he had to abandon following the call for general mobilisation for World War I. During the war, he fought on the front in Artois and in Argonne and drew the daily life of his comrades, published as ...