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German, 17th century, male.

Active in Nuremberg.

Painter, engraver.

A pupil of Martin Beheim, Hans Ammon helped in the restoration of Nuremberg town hall. In 1778, a signed painting dated 1616 was at the town hall. It disappeared around this time, but is thought to be identical with a painting in the collection of Mme Leroy in Baden Baden bearing the same signature and dates....


French, 18th – 19th century, male.

Died 1827, in Paris.

Painter, lithographer.

He trained at the art school in Montpellier and gained a second-class medal in 1824. He was appointed director of the restoration of paintings at the Louvre in 1816. At the 1799 Salon he exhibited ...


Italian, 18th century, male.

Born 1727, in Florence; died 1785 or 1790, in London.

Painter, engraver, draughtsman, art restorer. Religious subjects, mythological subjects, portraits.

Giovanni Battista Cipriani's family were from Pistoia. He was a pupil of Bartolozzi, and perfected his drawing technique by studying the work of Gabbiani. Cipriani was buried in Chelsea cemetery in London, beneath a monument by Bartolozzi. In 1750, he painted the organ screen in the school of the convent of S Maria Maddalena dei Pazzi. Around Pistoia, he painted a ...


Italian, 19th century, male.

Active in Brescia.

Born c. 1789; died 6 April 1869.

Painter, lithographer.

Pierto Filippini studied under Giuseppe Bezzuoli in Florence. He was an excellent restorer (he restored a Fra Angelico in the church of S Alessandro) and a talented mosaic artist. He introduced lithography to Brescia....


French, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 16 December 1946, in Boulogne-sur-Seine.

Painter, watercolourist, engraver, sculptor, art restorer. Figures, landscapes, still-lifes.


Béatrice Flaud studied history of art at the École du Louvre in Paris, and received a broad artistic education, studying engraving, painting and art restoration....


British, 18th century, male.

Born probably in London; died 21 September 1794, in Chiswick, drowned.

Painter, art restorer. Portraits, genre scenes.

Benjamin van der Gucht was the son and probably the pupil of the engraver John van der Gucht. He also studied at the St Martin's Lane Academy and was to be one of the first students to enrol at the newly founded Royal Academy Schools. He painted many portraits of actors, some of which were printed as mezzotints. He also painted genre scenes. In ...


(b Stuttgart, Feb 2, 1789; d Hassfurt, Sept 28, 1865).

German architect, painter, sculptor, printmaker and writer. He belonged to a large family of artists descended from Franz Joseph (Ignatz Anton) Heideloff (1676–1772), who was a sculptor and possibly also a painter. He was trained by the architect Nikolaus Friedrich von Thouret, the sculptor Johann Heinrich von Dannecker and the painter Johann Baptist Seele. He also studied mural painting as assistant to his father, Victor (Wilhelm Peter) Heideloff (1757–1817). As a young man he became interested in Gothic and Romanesque architecture, and while he was in Mainz in 1814 he made the acquaintance of Ernest I, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (reg 1826–44), who employed him as his architect until 1821. In 1822, having settled in Nuremberg, he was appointed curator of the city’s historical monuments; he used this position to encourage widespread interest in early German art and to rescue many examples from destruction. He also taught at the local Polytechnische Schule from its foundation in ...


Belgian, 19th century, male.

Born 8 March 1821, in Liège; died 15 February 1906, in Liège.

Painter, engraver, art restorer, art critic. Religious subjects, historical subjects. Church decoration.

He was a pupil at the academies in Liège and in Düsseldorf. He worked on the decoration and restoration of numerous paintings in churches in Liège and along the Meuse. He was the director of ...


French, 20th century, female.

Born 12 March 1931, in Larmor-Plage (Morbihan).

Painter, watercolourist, draughtswoman, lithographer, engraver (wood/burin), art restorer. Landscapes with figures, landscapes, architectural views, still-lifes. Designs for tapestries.

From 1936 to 1937, Jeannine Hervé studied drawing and then painting with E. Robert and the engraver Adolphe Beaufrère. She also received lessons from Ernest Guérin. From ...


Austrian, 19th century, male.

Active in Vienna.

Born 30 March 1848, in Vienna.

Engraver, painter, art restorer. Religious subjects, portraits, figures. Vignettes.

Victor Jasper studied at the academy in Vienna and became one of the most important engravers of his time. Initially, he engraved sculptures for the academy of sciences and archaeological reviews. He also did a frontispiece vignette for Thausing's monograph of Dürer, ...


German, 20th century, male.

Born 17 February 1878, in Aachen.

Painter, engraver. Landscapes.

Joseph Kern was an art historian and museum conservator.





Japanese, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1847; died 1915.

Painter, print artist. Historical subjects, figures, genre scenes, still-lifes.

Kiyochika was the son of a low-ranking samurai who lost his inheritance after the Meiji Restoration in 1868. Largely self-taught, he especially admired the prints of Hiroshige (...


Italian, 19th century, male.

Born 11 May 1789, in Conversano; died 28 May 1876, in Naples.

Painter, art restorer, engraver (burin). Portraits, genre scenes, interiors with figures.

He exhibited in Naples from 1830.


German, 19th century, male.

Born 1791, in Weimar; died 5 October 1861, in Weimar.

Painter, engraver (etching), art restorer. Landscapes.

Lieber was a pupil of Heinrich Meyer in Weimar, and of Friedrich and Kersdings in Dresden. He received encouragement from Goethe.

Weimar (Goethe-Nationalmus.): Women at the Fountain...


Romanian, 20th – 21st century, female.

Active in the USA from 1975.

Born 27 September 1946, in Pucioasa.

Painter, engraver, mixed media.

Catalina Mateescu-Bogdan studied painting and art history and later restoration techniques and iconography. From 1971 to 1974, she studied sculpture under the direction of Militza Petrascu but left Romania in ...


Swiss, 20th century, male.

Born 23 March 1920, in Lausanne; died 21 May 1981, in Fribourg.

Painter, watercolourist, draughtsman, lithographer, monotype artist, art restorer. Tapestry.

Raymond Meuwly served an apprenticeship as a builder's decorator and worked as assistant to Alexandre Cingria until his conscription into the armed services in ...


British, 18th century, male.

Born c. 1730; died 30 November 1797, in London.

Painter, pastellist, art restorer, engraver. Portraits, genre scenes.

Henry Robert Morland was taught by his father George Henry Morland. He quickly made a name for himself and acquired a brilliant situation while still very young. He had the same taste for luxury as his father and his son did. Despite his success and an aptitude for work that is confirmed by the diversity of his activities (he was also a merchant), far from making his fortune, he suffered the same troubles with lawyers as his son George did. He exhibited at the Society of Artists, the Royal Academy, and, especially, at the Free Society of Artists in London....


Deborah Cullen

[MoMA] (New York)

The Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) was founded in 1929 by patrons Lillie P(lummer) Bliss, Cornelius J. Sullivan and Rockefeller family §(1) to establish an institution devoted to modern art. Over the next ten years the Museum moved three times and in 1939 settled in the Early Modern style building (1938–9) designed by Philip S. Goodwin and Edward Durell Stone that it still occupies at 11 West 53 Street. Subsequent renovations and expansions occurred in the 1950s and 1960s by Philip Johnson, in 1984 by Cesar Pelli and in 2002–4 by Yoshirō Taniguchi (b 1937). MoMA QNS, the temporary headquarters during this project, was subsequently used to provide art storage. In 2000, MoMA and the contemporary art space, P.S.1, Long Island City, Queens, announced their affiliation. Recent projects are shown at P.S.1 in Queens in a renovated public school building.

According to founding director, Alfred H(amilton) Barr...


French, 20th century, male.

Born 18 January 1912, in Chauny.

Painter, watercolourist, pastellist, lithographer, art restorer. Nudes, landscapes, still-lifes.

Marcel Quencez trained privately and in museums. The female nude plays an important role in his work, which he paints with realism and sensuality.

He exhibited in Paris from ...


German, 20th century, female.

Born 6 August 1924, in Bad Homburg near Frankfurt am Main.

Painter, engraver.

Claire Louise Rausch was very well grounded in the techniques of both painting and engraving, enabling her to undertake restoration work.