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French, 18th century, male.

Born 1728, in Lautrec (Tarn); died probably, in Lautrec (Tarn).

Painter, decorative artist, tapestry maker.

Alaux's father was Pierre Alaux, a master tapestry maker, and his grandfather was Gilles Alaux, a master sculptor.


Italian, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1744, in Pistoia (Tuscany); died 22 October 1816, in Bologna.

Painter, engraver, sculptor, decorative designer.

Baldi studied drawing and painting initially under Francesco Beneforti in Pistoia, then travelled to Bologna, where he entered the workshop of the painter Mauro Tezi, with whom he subsequently collaborated as an assistant. He enjoyed the patronage of Count Massimiliano Gini. He excelled expecially at painting flowers. According to Zani, Valentino Baldi was also an engraver and sculptor....


Italian, 18th century, male.

Born 1692, in Bologna; died 1776.

Painter, decorative designer, fresco artist, draughtsman, sculptor. Mythological subjects, religious subjects, figures, landscapes with figures. Stage sets, church decoration.

The year of Vittorio Bigari's death is questioned by some sources cited by Moser, which contend that he lived and worked in Russia until ...


French, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 11 February 1763, in Toulon; died 28 February 1831, in Toulon.

Sculptor, draughtsman, art restorer. Religious subjects, seascapes. Decorative schemes.

Brun first studied sculpture at the workshop of the Port of Toulon, before moving to Rome in 1782, where he spent six months perfecting his art with the Roman masters of the day. With no means to support himself, he eventually returned to France. Two years later, influential patrons secured him a grant from the King, enabling him to study in Italy for a further four years. Upon his return to Toulon in ...


French, 18th century, male.

Born 17 April 1731, in Aix-en-Provence; died 15 November 1788, in Paris.

Architect, sculptor, draughtsman, designer of ornamental architectural features. Decorative motifs. Furniture.

Gilles Cauvet, sculptor to Monsieur, the king's brother, banished the mannered style from interior decoration, preferring classical simplicity. He was director of the Académie de St-Luc in Paris, and organised the Exhibition of ...


French, 18th century, male.

Born 1719, in Montpellier; died 1791, in Montpellier.

Painter. Allegorical subjects, genre scenes. Wall decorations.

This Jean Coustou was no relation to the renowned family of sculptors of the same name. He was a pupil of Restout, and became one of the first teachers at the Société des Beaux-Arts in Montpellier, which was founded in ...


Dutch, 18th century, male.

Born c. 1737, in Amsterdam; died 1807.

Painter, watercolourist. Landscapes. Theatre decoration, low reliefs.

Johannes van Dregt was active in Amsterdam, and painted grisailles, low reliefs and theatre sets. Willem Bilderdyck was his pupil.

Paris, 2 March 1928: Ruined Castle (...


French, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1749, in Versailles; died 1825, in Paris.

Painter (including gouache), watercolourist, sculptor, draughtsman (wash), engraver, decorative artist. Mythological subjects, allegorical subjects, historical portraits, hunting scenes, interiors with figures, gardens. Stage costumes and sets, furniture, designs for fabrics, frontispieces.

Dugourc's father, who was in the service of the Duke of Orléans, had a considerable fortune. Dugourc was permitted to attend the lessons taken by the Duke of Chartres (the future Philippe-Égalité), and at the age 15 left for Rome, attached to the embassy of the Count of Cani. From his infancy, he had shown an aptitude for drawing, perspective and architecture. However, the death of his mother, followed shortly after by the loss of his father's fortune, changed his life. From being an amateur, Dugourc became a professional artist, and executed paintings, sculptures and engravings. In a work published in ...


Basil Hunnisett


English family of artists, of German origin. Francis Engelheart (b Silesia, 1713; d Kew, 1773) was a plaster modeller. He came to England c. 1721 and later worked as a decorative plasterer at Kew Palace for Frederick, Prince of Wales (1707–51), and his widow Augusta, the Princess Dowager (1719–72). He seems also to have produced decorative ceilings for Hampton Court Palace. After his death, his family changed the spelling of their name to Engleheart.

Two of Francis’s sons, John Dillman Engleheart (1735–1810) and Paul Engleheart (d 1774), carried on the business, while two others found success in other fields. Thomas Engleheart (b ?London, 1745; d ?London, 1786) was a sculptor and wax modeller, and George Engleheart (b Kew, ?Nov 1753; d Blackheath [now in London], 21 March 1829) was a painter. Thomas studied from 1769 at the Royal Academy schools, London, where he won a gold medal in ...


Flemish School, 18th century, male.

Baptised 22 April 1682 in Antwerp; died 1745, buried 7 January in Amsterdam.

Painter, sculptor, engineer.

Willem Ignatius Kerricx studied under his father Willem and under Godefries Maes. He was senior member of the guild in 1718 and 1725. Kerricx is known for his low relief ...


French, 18th century, male.

Born 1675, in Turin, Italy; died 1750, in Paris.

Painter, sculptor, architect, decorative designer, engraver, goldsmith.

Meissonnier went to Paris in 1714, and was best known as a goldsmith and decorative painter. He was a brilliant ornamentalist and was made goldsmith to the king. He produced many drawings for engravings, and his works reveal the spirit and elegance of the 18th century. His style was rococo in the extreme, and was appropriate to his position as organiser of royal festivals and funerals. His design of the façade of St-Sulpice, Paris, was not used....


Bohemian School, 17th – 18th century, male.

Active in Prague.

Painters, stucco artists, decorative designers.

Among the members of this family are: Ignaz, died 11 August 1751, Johann Peter, died 21 February 1732, aged 87 and Karl, died in 1756.


Swiss, 18th century, male.

Active in Vuadens.

Sculptor (wood), painter, decorative designer.

Charles Pidoux worked between 1749 and 1750 for the church of Gruyères and in 1768 for the parish of Estavenens.


Austrian, 17th – 18th century, male.

Born c. 1644; died 18 April 1727, in Vienna.

Painter, sculptor (ivory), architect. Religious furnishings (altars), statuettes.

Matthias Steinl was one of the best-known Austrian Baroque artists.

Vienna (Kunsthistorisches Mus.): Leopold I (ivory); Joseph I (ivory); ...


French, 18th century, male.

Active in Paris 1760-1771.

Painter, sculptor, decorative designer, gilder.

Jean Guillaume Thouzaud was a painter who also sculpted decorative picture frames.


Italian, 17th – 18th century, male.

Born 1676 or 1680, in Naples; died 1745 or 1750, in Naples.

Painter, sculptor, decorative designer. Religious subjects, mythological subjects. Murals.

Domenico Antonio Vaccaro was the son of Lorenzo Vaccaro. He decorated the ceilings in the parish church at Monte Vergine, but otherwise painted little, concentrating chiefly on sculpture and architecture....


Ingeborg Krummer-Schroth

(b Ehrenstetten, Dec 10, 1710; d Freiburg, Aug 1, 1797).

German sculptor, painter, stuccoist and architect . He went to Italy as a journeyman and spent two years (1729–31) in Rome, then six months in Strasbourg. His earliest surviving work is the font at the monastery of St Peter in the Black Forest. From 1735 to 1737 he was in Paris, where he attended and won prizes at the Académie de St Luc. In 1737 he carved the large figures for the high altar of Oberried Monastery, and in 1740 he made eight huge stone figures for the portal (destr. 1768) of the monastery of St Blasien in the Black Forest, and also made models for the stairwell figures. Wentzinger signed the contract for the magnificent tomb of General von Rodt in Freiburg im Breisgau Cathedral in 1743. In 1745 he made a model of the Mount of Olives for the church of St Martin in Staufen (now in Frankfurt am Main, Liebieghaus). For the new building at Schloss Ebnet, near Freiburg, he created the stone relief on the gable, figures representing the seasons in the park and stucco sculptures for the salon, modifying the original plans for the building by decorative embellishments. He also painted the double portrait (...