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Antiquus, Johannes  

Dutch, 18th century, male.

Born 1702, in Groningen; died 1750.

Painter, glass painter, decorative artist. Figure compositions, portraits.

Johannes Antiquus studied glass painting with Gerard van der Veen and worked for a number of years in this field. He then placed himself under the direction of Jan Abel Wassenbergh, a distinguished painter of historical portraits, remaining with him for several years. Thereafter, Antiquus went to France, where he worked mainly as a portrait painter; however, his urge to visit Italy cut short his time in Paris. In Italy, he stayed mainly in Florence, where he was employed by the grand dukes of Tuscany for six years. His principal work was an important composition depicting the fall of the race of giants. When he returned to Holland he was very warmly received. The Prince of Orange commissioned him to decorate Het Loo Palace, for which he produced a large work showing ...

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Néo-Grec  

Term used for a manifestation of the Neo-classical style initiated in the decorative arts of France during the Second Empire (1852–71) of Napoleon III and his wife, the Empress Eugénie. Based on the standard repertory of Greco-Roman ornament, it combined elements from the Adam, Louis XVI and Egyptian styles with a range of motifs inspired by discoveries at Pompeii, where excavations had begun in 1848; it can be identified by the frequent use of Classical heads and figures, masks, winged griffins, sea-serpents, urns, medallions, arabesques, lotus buds and borders of anthemion, guilloche and Greek fret pattern. Néo-Grec was eclectic, abstracted, polychromatic and sometimes bizarre; it enjoyed popularity as one of the many revival styles of the second half of the 19th century.

In Paris, the Néo-Grec style was best exemplified in the famous ‘Maison Pompéienne’ (1856–8; destr. 1891) designed for Prince Napoléon Bonaparte (see...