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Crotti, Jean  

Swiss, 20th century, male.

Active in France and from 1927 also naturalised there.

Born 24 April 1878, in Bulle (Fribourg); died 30 January 1958, in Paris.

Painter (gouache), watercolourist, sculptor. Designs for stained glass.


Puteaux Group.

Jean Crotti first studied at the school of decorative arts in Munich, then on his arrival in Paris in 1901 he enrolled at the Académie Julian. He exhibited at the Salon des Artistes Indépendants from 1907 onwards and was a member of the board of the Salon d'Automne from 1909 to 1942. The works from his earliest youth were influenced by Impressionism and Fauvism. While he was in New York, from 1914 to 1916, he knew Marcel Duchamp and Francis Picabia. On his return to Paris in 1916 he brought news of her brother to Suzanne Duchamp, whom he married in 1919. He had strong ties to the Puteaux Group, which revolved around the other brother, Jacques Villon. From 1915 to 1921, under the influence of Duchamp and Picabia, he was actively involved in the Dada movement. The works dating from this period include the ...


Doesburg, Theo van  

Allan Doig

(b Utrecht, Aug 30, 1883; d Davos, Switzerland, March 7, 1931).

Dutch painter, architect, designer and writer. He was officially registered as the son of Wilhelm Küpper and Henrietta Catharina Margadant, but he was so convinced that his mother’s second husband, Theodorus Doesburg, was his father that he took his name. Little is known of his early life, but he began painting naturalistic subjects c. 1899. In 1903 he began his military service, and around the same time he met his first wife, Agnita Feis, a Theosophist and poet. Between about 1908 and 1910, much influenced by the work of Honoré Daumier, he produced caricatures, some of which were later published in his first book De maskers af! (1916). Also during this period he painted some Impressionist-inspired landscapes and portraits in the manner of George Hendrik Breitner. Between 1914 and 1915 the influence of Kandinsky became clear in such drawings as Streetmusic I and Streetmusic II (The Hague, Rijksdienst Beeld. Kst) and other abstract works....


Giacometti, Augusto  

Swiss, 20th century, male.

Born 16 August 1877, in Stampa; died 9 July 1947, in Zurich.

Painter, watercolourist, pastellist, mixed media, engraver, draughtsman. Designs for stained glass, designs for mosaics, murals.


Augusto Giacometti was the younger brother of Giovanni Giacometti and the uncle of Alberto and Diego Giacometti. He has been almost forgotten today, but was well-known at the beginning of the 20th century for the monumental decorations which he was commissioned to produce. He studied at the school of decorative arts in Zurich for three years and then went to study in Paris in 1897, where he took a course at the École des Arts Décoratifs and also studied under Eugène Grasser at the training college for art teachers. He became a teacher at the art college in Florence in 1907. Between 1900 and 1916 he published his research into colour in a work entitled ...


Taeuber-Arp, Sophie Henriette  

Swiss, 20th century, female.

Active in France from 1928.

Born 19 January 1889, in Davos; died 13 January 1943, in Zurich.

Painter (including gouache), draughtswoman, watercolourist, collage artist, sculptor, designer. Designs for stained glass, marionettes.

Dadaism, Constructivism.

Groups: Zurich Dadaist, Das Neue Leben, Cercle et Carré, Abstraction-Création, Die Allianz...