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Alexander, John  

American, 20th century, male.

Born 26 October 1945, in Beaumont (Texas).

Painter. Scenes with figures, religious subjects.

John Alexander is the leader of the Houston school known as Fresh Paint. His religious paintings have a theatrical quality, with bright colours and a sometimes primitive style. Several of his paintings are of fantastical scenes....


Barlow Brewster, Achsah  

American, 20th century, female.

Born 1878, in New Haven (Connecticut); died 1945, in Almora (India).

Painter. Religious subjects, flowers.

Achsah Barlow Brewster studied at the New York School of Art and at the Art Students League. In 1905 she was in Paris. She married the artist Earl Brewster in ...


Bearden, Romare Howard  

American, 20th century, male.

Born 2 September 1911, in Charlotte (North Carolina); died 12 March 1988, in New York.

Painter (including gouache), watercolourist, lithographer, screen printer, engraver, collage artist, newspaper cartoonist, illustrator, art theorist. Religious subjects, figure compositions, local figures. Humorous cartoons, frontispieces, stage sets...


Binford, Julien  

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1908.

Painter. Religious subjects, genre scenes, portraits.

At the Salon des Tuileries in 1934, Julien Binford exhibited The Disrobing of Christ, Crucifixion, and Portrait of the Author.

New York, 18 Dec 1991: Trying on the Green Dress (oil on canvas...


Bouguereau, W.A. (Mme)  

American, 19th – 20th century, female.

Born 1851, in Exeter (New Hampshire); died 1922, in St-Cloud (Hauts-de-Seine), France.

Painter, draughtswoman. Genre scenes, mythological scenes, religious scenes.

Elisabeth-Jeanne Gardner studied in Paris under the direction of William Adolphe Bouguereau and later became his wife. She took part in the Paris Salon of ...


Brennen, Robert  

American, 20th century, male.

Born in Pittsburgh.

Sculptor. Religious subjects, figures.

Robert Brennen produces figurative sculptures in wood and metal, often on religious themes. These display fine craftsmanship and great technical skill. Brennen has exhibited in the USA, Greece, Italy, Germany and France. He has received numerous awards, including: in Rome in ...


Cobb, Darius  

American, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1834, in Malden (Massachusetts); died 1919, in Newton Upper Falls (Massachusetts).

Painter, sculptor. Historical subjects, religious subjects, figures, portraits, landscapes.

Darius Cobb was the twin brother of Cyrus Cobb. The works for which he is known include portraits of ...


Coleman, Glenn O.  

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1887, in Springfield (Ohio); died 1932.

Painter, lithographer, illustrator. Religious subjects.

Glenn O. Coleman began working as a newspaper illustrator in Indianapolis but moved to New York in 1905, where he studied under Everett Shinn and Robert Henri. He painted scenes of urban poverty which link him to the Ashcan School. During this period he collaborated with Sloan and Bellows, illustrating ...


Crite, Allan Rohan  

American, 20th century, male.

Born 20 March 1910, in North Plainfield (New Jersey).

Painter, watercolourist, draughtsman, print artist, illustrator. Religious subjects, figures, figure compositions, genre scenes, street scenes. Murals, church decoration, religious furnishings.

Harlem Renaissance.

Allan Rohan Crite studied at the School of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, and then at Harvard University Extension School, Cambridge, Massachusetts. During the Depression, he worked for the Federal Arts Project. He lived in Boston since he was one year old. From the early 1940s, Crite set out to paint the life of the black community in Roxbury and South End, Boston. He also created a number of religious works for churches in the 1930s and illustrated religious books. In particular, he published two books of Negro Spirituals with Harvard University Press, ...


Darger, Henry J.  

American, 20th century, male.

Born 12 April 1892, in Chicago; died 1973, in Plains (Illinois).

Painter, watercolourist, collage artist, illustrator.

Art Brut.

Henry J. Darger worked as a handyman at the Catholic mission of the Little Sisters of the Poor, who took him in when his father died, and then in various hospitals in Chicago....


Day, F. Holland  

American, 19th–20th century, male.

Born 23 July 1864, in South Dedham, Massachusetts; died 2 November 1933, in Norwood, Massachusetts.

Photographer, publisher. Portraits, nude studies, religious and mythological subjects.

The Linked Ring.


During the 1880s F. Holland Day worked for A.S. Barnes and Company booksellers in Boston and began experimenting with the camera. In 1893 he established, along with Herbert Copeland, the Copeland and Day publishing house, and over the course of the decade his photographic work flourished. In 1896 he began making pictures of male nudes, often highly accessorized and posed, and also pursued religious themes, culminating in 1898 with a series of 250 photographs of Day performing the life of Christ. Following this controversial pursuit, he organized a major exhibition of Pictorialist photography, ...


Driskell, David Clyde  

American, 20th century, male.

Born 7 June 1931, in Eatonton (Georgia).

Painter, draughtsman (including ink), collage artist, print artist, sculptor, collector, art historian. Religious subjects, figures, portraits, figure compositions, scenes with figures, landscapes. Designs for stained glass.

David C. Driskell earned a BFA at Howard University in ...


Dyer, Charles Gifford  

American, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1840, in Chicago; died 27 January 1912, in Munich.

Painter, draughtsman. Genre scenes, landscapes, architectural views, ruins, church interiors, interiors.

Charles Dyer began his career in the Navy and the diplomatic corps (he was consul in Bristol and then Beirut). He left the diplomatic corps to devote himself to painting under the guidance of L. Jacquesson de la Chavreuse in Paris. In ...


Edmondson, William  

American, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1882, in Nashville (Tennessee); died 7 February 1951, in Nashville.

Sculptor. Religious subjects, figures, animals.

William Edmondson was the son of former slaves who were emancipated following the Civil War, and grew up illiterate. He worked at various jobs, in particular, for the Nashville, Chattanooga, and St Louis Railroads until ...


Epstein, Jacob (Sir)  

American, 19th – 20th century, male.

Active in Britain from 1905, naturalised 1907.

Born 1880, in New York, to Russian-Polish parents; died 19 August 1959, in London.

Sculptor (including bronze/marble), painter (including gouache), watercolourist, draughtsman. Religious subjects, portraits, animals. Statues, monuments.


London Group.

Jacob Epstein first studied at the Arts Students League in New York and then in 1902 moved to Paris and enrolled at the École Nationale des Beaux-Arts. In Paris he met Rodin, and, by visiting the Louvre, became strongly attracted to non-European sculpture. In 1905 he settled in London. Epstein promoted a new approach to sculpture, following the 'direct' sculptural process in which no model or detailed maquette is used but which concentrates on respecting and bringing to life the material employed, preserving its texture and colour while bringing forth from the material, for example a block of stone, the physical power of the form. This 'truth to materials' would have a direct impact on younger generation of British sculptors, notably Henry Moore and Barbara Hepworth....


Evans, Minnie  

American, 20th century, female.

Born 12 December 1892, in Long Creek (North Carolina); died 16 December 1987.

Painter, draughtswoman. Religious subjects, still-lifes.

Folk Art.

Minnie Evans worked as a maid and nanny on a plantation and did not start to draw until she was forty-three: she was self-taught. Her first drawing came to her in ...


Evergood, Philip  

American, 20th century, male.

Born 26 October 1901, in New York; died 11 March 1973, in Bridgewater.

Painter, engraver, draughtsman. Religious subjects, scenes with figures. Murals.

American Magical Realism.

Philip Evergood was born Blashki, his parents legally changed their name in 1914. He studied at Eton College in England (1915-1919) and at Cambridge (1919). In 1921 he decided to become an artist, leaving Cambridge at that point to become a pupil of sculpture under Havard Thomas at the Slade School of Art in London. On returning to New York in 1923, he studied painting under George Luks and William von Schlegell at the Art Students' League. He started engraving during that same year. Between 1924 and 1926 he visited the Paris studio of André Lhote and attended the Académie Julian under the guidance of Jean-Paul Laurens. In 1925 he made a study trip to the British Academy in Rome and spent several weeks painting in the south of France. In 1930 he studied engraving with Stanley Hayter, earning his living as a carpenter and sparring partner for professional boxers. He finally returned to the USA in 1931. Evergood taught in several American Universities: New York, Iowa, Minnesota. From 1934 to 1937 he was entrusted with the management of the easel painting section in the Works of Art Project of the Federal Art Project. He was a member of the American Artists' Congress, president of the Artists' Union, of the American Society of Painters, Sculptors and Engravers, etc....


Ewald, Louis  

American, 20th century, male.

Born 19 December 1891, in Minneapolis.

Painter. Religious subjects. Murals.

Louis Ewald painted an Annunciation and a Visitation as well as other mural works for various churches.


Fleri, Joseph C.  

American, 20th century, male.

Born 20 May 1889, in Brooklyn (New York City).

Sculptor. Religious subjects.

Joseph C. Fleri was a member of the National Society of Sculpture and the New York Architectural League. He carved religious works for Philadelphia and Bethlehem, Pennsylvania.


Fosdick, James William  

American, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 13 February 1858, in Charlestown (Massachusetts); died 1937.

Painter, fresco artist. Figure compositions, religious subjects, mythological subjects.

James William Fosdick was both a painter and writer, who studied at the Boston Museum of Fine Arts School and at the Académie Julian in Paris under Gustave Boulanger, Jules Lebebvre and Raphael Collin. He specialised in frescoes and painted the subject of ...