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Clark, Lygia  

Brazilian, 20th century, female.

Born 23 October 1920, in Belo Horizonte; died 1988.

Sculptor, painter.

Neo-Constructivism, Conceptual Art, Body Art.

Grupo Frente.

Clark studied in Brazil under the direction of Burle-Marx in 1947, then went to Paris in 1948 and worked with Fernand Léger, Arpad Szenes and Dabrinsky. In ...


Dias, Antonio  

Brazilian, 20th century, male.

Active in Italy from 1968.

Born 1944, in Paraiba.


Conceptual Art, Neo-Constructivism, Figuration Narrative.

Dias' early works were inspired by the geometric abstraction of Torres García. Between 1965 and 1968 he produced paintings and montages glorifying violence in a visual language influenced by Pop Art, and after ...


Gostomsky, Zbigniew  

Polish, 20th century, male.

Born 1932, in Bydgoszcz.

Painter, sculptor, environmental artist.

Neo-Constructivism, Op Art, Conceptual Art.

From 1953 to 1959, Zbigniew Gostomsky studied painting at the fine art academy in Warsaw, where he became a professor. He was also an actor and worked at Kantor's theatre ...


Jans, Jos  

Belgian, 20th century, male.

Born 1933, in Achel.

Painter, potter.

Neo-Constructivism, Conceptual Art.

Research Group.

Jos Jans was educated at the provincial institute of architecture and the applied arts in Hasselt. He was a founder member of the Research Group . Jans was awarded the Limbourg fine arts prize in ...


Knifer, Julije  

Croat, 20th century, male.

Active in France from 1980.

Born 23 April 1924, in Osijek; died 7 December 2004, in Paris.

Painter, draughtswoman, screen printer.

Neo-Dadaism, Conceptual Art, Neo-Constructivism.

Gorgona Group.

Julije Knifer was a student at the academy of fine arts in Zagreb from 1951 to 1957...


Oiticica, Hélio  

Brazilian, 20th century, male.

Active also active in the USA.

Born 26 July 1937, in Rio de Janeiro; died 1980, in Rio de Janeiro.

Painter, installation artist.

Neo-Constructivism, Conceptual Art.

In 1954, Oiticica entered the school of the museum of modern art in Rio de Janeiro. He and his brother Cesar, who became an architect, studied there with Ivan Serpa. He was soon moving in avant-garde circles and he joined the group ...


Opałka, Roman  

Anna Bentkowska

(b Abbeville, Aug 27, 1931).

Polish painter, etcher and conceptual artist. He studied at the School of Fine Arts in Łódź (1949–50) and at the Academy of Fine Arts in Warsaw (1950–56). His early works were influenced by Neo-Constructivist tendencies, then very prevalent in Polish art. He gradually moved towards conceptual art and developed monochrome compositions that repeat a particular motif in rhythmic sequences. Chronomes (1961–3; Łódź, Mus. A.) are abstract paintings composed of a multitude of minute dots. In Banners (1967; Warsaw, N. Mus.), a series of etchings, Opałka took a fragment of a photograph showing a street demonstration and repeated it many times in different sizes in the same work. He also created the series Three-dimensional Structures (1964–7; artist’s col.), made of battens and canvas, composed of only horizontal lines. In a series of etchings based on biblical themes, Description of the World (1968–70; Warsaw, N. Mus.), Opałka again explored the idea of the repetition of similar motifs, as in ...


Smet, Yves de  

Belgian, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1946, in Ghent.


Yves de Smet won the grand prize of the Association Belge des Critiques d'Art in 1977. He teaches at the Académie St-Lucas in Ghent. He moved from Constructivism to Conceptual Art.

Brussels (MAM)

Ghent (Stedelijk Mus. voor Actuele Kunst)...