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German, 17th century, male.

Born 1613, in Miesbach; died 1705, in Munich.

Sculptor, draughtsman. Religious subjects.

An artist in the employ of the Elector of Bavaria, he produced a considerable number of works, notably four large evangelical figures beside the high altar and angel figures in the choir of St Cajetan's in Munich. Several works by him are found in other churches in Munich. In ...


Italian, 16th century, male.

Active from 1511 to 1540.

Born in Sassoferrato (Ancona); died, in Cupramontana (Ancona).

Painter, sculptor, architect. Religious subjects.

Many of Pietro Paolo Agabiti's paintings decorate the churches of his native town. Santa Maria del Piano has a Virgin with St Catherine and St John the Baptist...


Lebanese, 19th century, male.

Painter. Religious subjects, portraits.

Little is known of this painter, other than that he was also a sculptor and physician reputed to have been taught painting by an Italian Orientalist painter who lived north of Beirut during the final two decades of the 19th century. Ibraim Al-Georr produced portraits of leading personalities of his day in a style that was meticulously detailed, but somehow hesitant to the point of being almost naive....


Italian, 17th century, male.

Born in Venice; died c. 1630, in Venice.

Painter, sculptor. Religious subjects. Church decoration, busts.

Studied under Palma the Younger and worked alongside him for 34 years. He was involved in the decoration of several monuments. Rudolfi also attributes to him the bust of Palma which is placed above the entrance to the sacristy of the Naples church of S Giovanni Paulo. His major work was a ...


Italian, 17th century, male.

Born 1584, in Borgo San Sepolcro; died 1638, in Rome.

Painter, sculptor, engraver. Religious subjects.

Son of Durante Alberti and brother of Alberto Alberti; studied in his father's studio and went on to produce paintings that hang in the cathedral of his native town, in San Giovanni and in Rome. Among these is an ...


Italian, 17th century, male.

Active in Rome.

Born 1593, in Borgo San Sepolcro.

Painter, sculptor, engraver, art theorist. Religious subjects. Frescoes.

Served as Secretary to the Accademia di San Luca in Rome (founded by Zuccharo). In 1585, he published in Rome a benchmark Treatise on the Noble Art of Painting...


Spanish, 16th – 17th century, male.

Painter, sculptor. Religious subjects.

Burgos School.

Between 1598 and 1603, Domingo de Albitiz, with Luis Gabeo, executed carvings and paintings for the choir of the cathedral of Santo Domingo de la Calzada in Burgos.


Italian, 17th century, male.

Born 1595 or 1602, in Bologna; died 10 June 1654, in Rome.

Sculptor, draughtsman. Religious subjects, figures. Busts.

The son of a silk merchant, he studied in Bologna under Lodovico Caracci and the sculptor Giulio Cesare Conventi. In 1622, he was retained by the court of Duke Ferdinand as a sculptor working in ivory, bronze and silver. He travelled in pursuit of his studies to Venice and Mantua and in 1625, to Rome. In 1640, he was appointed primate of the Accademia di San Luca; his major commissions date from that appointment....


Alexander Nagel

[Fr. postautel, retable; Ger. Altar, Altaraufsatz, Altarbild, Altarretabel, Altarrückwand, Retabel; It. ancona, dossale, pala (d’altare); Sp. retablo]

An image-bearing structure set on the rear part of the altar (see Altar, §II), abutting the back of the altarblock, or set behind the altar in such a way as to be visually joined with the altar when viewed from a distance. It is also sometimes called a retable, following the medieval term retrotabulum [retabulum, retrotabularium].

The altarpiece was never officially prescribed by the Church, but it did perform a prescribed function alternatively carried out by a simple inscription on the altarblock: to declare to which saint or mystery the altar was dedicated. In fact, the altarpiece did more than merely identify the altar; its form and content evoked the mystery or personage whose cult was celebrated at the altar. This original and lasting function influenced the many forms taken by the altarpiece throughout its history. Since the altarpiece was not prescribed by the Church, its form varied enormously. For this reason, it is often impossible, and historically inaccurate, to draw neat distinctions between the altarpiece and other elements occasionally associated with the altar apparatus. For example, movable statues, often of the Virgin and Child, were occasionally placed on altars according to ritual needs, and at those times fulfilled the function of the altarpiece....


Spanish, 19th century, male.

Born 2 February 1805, in Paris; died 22 August 1830, in Burgos (Castilla y León).

Sculptor, painter. Religious subjects. Groups, statues.

José Álvarez y Bougel was the son of the sculptor José Álvarez y Cubero and brother of the architect Anibal Álvarez. From an early age, he emerged as a worthy successor to his father who had acquired his masterly skills in Paris under Ingres' guidance. On his return to Spain, the younger Álvarez produced some major works showing promise of a brilliant future. They include ...


Swiss, 19th century, male.

Active in Büren towards the middle of the 19th century.

Painter, sculptor. Religious subjects.

Noted works by Amberg include Christ on the Mount of Olives and a Crucifix carved in wood.


Swiss, 19th century, female.

Painter, sculptor. Historical subjects, religious subjects, landscapes. Busts.

Salesia was the daughter of sculptor Franz Sales Amlehn and exhibited under the pseudonym L. Thibault. In 1884, she exhibited two marble busts of children.

Worthy of mention among her works are the altar at Schenken showing ...


Belgian, 20th century, male.

Born 1929, in Ostend.

Sculptor, painter. Religious subjects, nudes.

D'Anneel studied at the Brussels Academy. He became a teacher at the college of fine arts in the district of Uccle in Brussels.


Italian, 17th century, male.

Born 1584, in Voltri near Genoa; died 20 August 1638, in Genoa.

Painter, sculptor. Religious subjects.

As a pupil of Orazio Cambiaso, Ansaldo studied the work of Venetian painters. He was attracted in particular to Veronese - on account of the latter's compositional sense - and to the mannerist naturalism of Strozzi. He was also familiar with Procaccini's work in Genoa. That said, the most profound influences on him were certainly the paintings of Rubens and Van Dyck. Ansaldo painted several subjects for Voltri, including his ...


Italian, 18th century, male.

Active in Romec.1775.

Painter, engraver (burin), sculptor. Religious subjects. Statues.

Antonelli's work includes Halt During the Flight into Egypt (after Maratti), Christ on the Mount of Olives (Correggio), a Madonna and Child (Trevisani), and copies of various statues from the basilica of St Peter's....



French, 20th century, male.

Born 1926, in Frémery (Moselle).

Painter, sculptor, decorative designer. Figure compositions, religious subjects, landscapes. Murals, church decoration, designs for mosaics and stained-glass windows, stage sets, stage costumes.

Arcabas studied at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris and also had a degree. He was a friend of the painter Dimitri Varbanesco. He exhibited in numerous towns in France and abroad. From ...


Italian, 20th century, male.

Born 1941, in Aricò.

Sculptor, painter, glassmaker. Religious subjects, figures, animals.

Gianni Aricò received a diploma in architecture from Venice University in 1971. In 1974 he set up his sculpture studio in the de-consecrated church of S Andrea della Zirada in Venice....


French, 19th century, male.

Born 12 June 1868, in Lyons.

Painter, watercolourist, sculptor, draughtsman. Religious subjects, figures, portraits, genre scenes, landscapes.

Victor Arlin, the son of landscape painter Joanny Arlin, enrolled at the École des Beaux-Arts in Lyons in 1884, where he worked with the sculptor Dufraine; subsequently, he studied at the Beaux-Arts in Paris under Jean-Paul Laurens, Benjamin-Constant and Albert Maignan. He made his debut at the Salon des Artistes Français in ...


British, 19th century, male.

Born 18 June 1828, in London; died 4 December 1905.

Sculptor, engraver, metal worker, draughtsman. Religious subjects, allegorical subjects, figures. Busts.

Henry Armstead studied at the Royal Academy in London and became a member of the Academy in 1875. He exhibited a large number of busts and reliefs ...


British, 19th century, male.

Sculptor, painter. Religious subjects. Groups.

Sebastion Arnald was the son of George Arnald and studied at the Royal Academy. He exhibited numerous busts and biblical scenes between 1823 and 1846. In 1831, his sculpture group Massacre of the Innocents was awarded a gold medal....