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Agescy, Bernard d'  

French, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1757, in Niort (Deux-Sèvres); died 1828.

Painter, copyist. Religious subjects, mythological subjects, portraits.

His religious and mythological scenes and his portraits sometimes have a lyric quality reminiscent of Delacroix. He is also known for his Schemes for a New System for Promotion of the Arts...


Aglio, Agostino  

Italian, 19th century, male.

Born 1777, in Cremona; died 1857.

Painter, watercolourist, decorative designer, illustrator. Portraits, landscapes with figures, landscapes. Murals, church decoration, theatre decoration.

Agostino Aglio trained in Milan at the Accademia di Belle Arti di Brera. In 1803 he went to England to collaborate with William Wilkins, the architect, on a work concerning the antiquities of ancient Greece, which was published in ...


Alberti, Henri  

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 18 January 1868, in Paris.

Painter, illustrator. Religious subjects, portraits, genre scenes.

Henri Alberti studied under Doucet, J. Lefebvre and Luc-Olivier Merson. He first exhibited at the Salon des Artistes Français in 1894, and showed work there until 1920...


Amerling, Friedrich von  

Austrian, 19th century, male.

Born 14 April 1803, in Vienna; died 15 January 1887, in Vienna.

Painter, engraver, illuminator. Religious subjects, portraits, genre scenes.


Amerling was from a poor family and had to overcome numerous obstacles in order to get his artistic career under way. He began by illuminating geographical maps and doing line engravings. In ...


Amsler, Samuel  

Swiss, 19th century, male.

Born 17 December 1791, in Schinznach; died 14 May 1849, in Munich.

Engraver (burin/etching), draughtsman. Religious subjects, portraits. Frontispieces.

Samuel Amsler learnt basic drawing skills from Wildegg, and was later a pupil of burin engraver Oberkogler in Zurich, and Johann Heinrich Lips and Karl Hess at the academy in Munich. In 1816, he went to Rome with painter Joh. Anton Ramboux and became friends with and an associate of Overbeck, Cornelius, Thorvaldsen and other young artists of the Nazarene school. This is how he and his friend Barth came to engrave the frontispiece of Cornelius's ...


Anderson, Sophie  

French, 19th century, female.

Active in England and the USA.

Born 1823, in Paris; died 1903.

Painter, illustrator. Portraits, genre scenes, landscapes, history painting including literary, religious and classical subjects.

Sophie Anderson was the daughter of the Parisian architect Charles A.C. Gengembre, and an English mother and was brought up in rural France until the late 1840s. She studied portrait painting with Baron von Steuben in Paris before her family moved to Cincinnati at the outbreak of the 1848 revolution. Under her maiden name, she contributed five illustrations to Henry Howe's ...


Andrieu, Pierre  

French, 19th century, male.

Born 12 December 1821, in Penouillet; died 30 January 1892, in Paris.

Painter, watercolourist, engraver, draughtsman, illustrator. Religious subjects, figures, landscapes, animals.

Pierre Andrieu studied under and collaborated with Eugène Delacroix, working at the Château de Guermantes and restoring Delacroix's ceiling in the Apollo Gallery in the Louvre. He made a major contribution, alongside his mentor, to the decoration of the former Hôtel de Ville in Paris. Preliminary studies and sketches for this project now in the Hôtel de Ville attest to his ability. Andrieu also produced a large number of small paintings, watercolours and pen-and-ink studies, typically of lions and tigers. He was a prolific book illustrator, often in the form of pen-and-ink drawings which betray a highly sensitive touch. His drawings are of particular interest. Béraldi also makes particular reference to his small but attractive ...


Arrowsmith, Thomas  

British, 18th – 19th century, male.

Active in London.

Painter, copyist. Religious subjects, portraits. Miniatures.

An artist by this name figures in the catalogues of the Royal Academy between 1792 and 1829. He is credited with numerous portraits and copies, including Cain and Abel and Jesus and Mary Magdalene...


Askevold, Anders Monsen  

Swedish, 19th century, male.

Born 25 December 1834, in Söndfjord, Norway; died 22 October 1900, in Düsseldorf.

Painter, copyist. Religious subjects, genre scenes, landscapes, still-lifes, animals.

As a boy, Askevold worked as a shepherd, and it was while looking after his flock that he first became aware of his talent for painting animals. He went to study in Bergen with the landscape artist Reusch, a pupil of Johan Christian Dahl. Under his master's direction, Askevold painted still-lifes. In the autumn of 1855, he went to Düsseldorf, where he became a pupil of his compatriot Gude. Then, with the aid of a bursary, he spent four years in Paris studying without a teacher. From 1866 to 1880, he lived in Bergen, occasionally leaving to visit Düsseldorf (1869) and Munich (1877-1878)....


Aublet, Albert  

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born January 1851, in Paris; died 1938.

Painter, sculptor, illustrator. Religious subjects, portraits, genre scenes.


Albert Aublet was a pupil of Claudius Jacquand and Gérôme. Very early on, he was drawn to the East, first visiting Constantinople (now Istanbul) in ...


Baldrey, John Kirby, the Younger  

British, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1754, in Norwich, baptised 5 June 1754; died 21 or 6 December 1828, in Hatfield, in very reduced circumstances.

Engraver (etching and stippling), illustrator, printmaker, draughtsman. Portraits, architecture, mythology, religious subjects.

The son of John Baldrey the Elder, John Baldrey the Younger entered the Royal Academy School to study engraving in ...


Balmer, Joseph A.  

Swiss, 19th century, male.

Active in Lucerne.

Born 27 November 1828, in Abtwil.

Painter, watercolourist, engraver, draughtsman, illustrator. Religious subjects. Designs for stained glass.

Balmer learned the basics of design in the workshops of a goldsmith in Sins in the canton of Aargau, before moving to Anton Bühler's studio in Lucerne. In ...


Balze, Raymond  

French, 19th century, male.

Born 4 May 1818, in Rome; died 1909.

Painter, pastellist, copyist. History painting, religious subjects, mythological subjects, historical subjects, genre scenes.

Like his brother Paul Jean Étienne Balze, Raymond Balze was a Raphael copyist and one of Ingres' favourite pupils, remembered in Ingres' will. In ...


Batowski-Kaczor, Stanislas  

Austrian, 19th century, male.

Born 21 January 1866, in Lemberg (now Lviv, Ukraine).

Painter, illustrator. Religious subjects, battle scenes.

A pupil of the Cracow academy of art in 1883, Stanislas Batowski-Kaczor went on to study at the Akademie der Bildenden Künste in Vienna in 1885...


Batten, John Dixon  

British, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 8 October 1860, in Plymouth; died 1932.

Painter, watercolourist, illustrator. Religious subjects, genre scenes. Murals.

John Dixon Batten studied at the Slade School of Fine Art, London under the guidance of Alphonse Legros. His history and genre paintings include ...


Bayes, Jessie  

British, 19th – 20th century, female.

Born 18 November 1876, in London; died 1970, in London.

Painter, fresco artist, illuminator, designer. Religious subjects.

Jessie Bayes was the daughter of Albert Walter Bayes and the sister of Gilbert and Walter Bayes. She took evening classes at Central School of Arts and Crafts in London. She was a member of the Church Crafts League and designed stained glass windows for St Luke's Church in Grayshott, Hampshire. She exhibited in London at the Royal Academy and Royal Society of Miniature Painters, and also in Paris, Rome, New York, Chicago and Detroit....


Beaumont, Charles Édouard de  

French, 19th century, male.

Born 1812, in Lannion (Côtes-d'Armor); died 12 January 1888, in Paris.

Painter, watercolourist, draughtsman, illustrator, lithographer. Religious subjects, genre scenes, landscapes.

Son of the sculptor Jean-Baptiste Beaumont, who entrusted his son's education to the painter Boissellier. Boissellier encouraged his pupil to model several statuettes, but Charles Edouard expressed a clear preference for painting. Accordingly, it was as a landscape painter that he first exhibited at the 1838 Salon with a ...


Bell, Robert Anning  

British, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 14 April 1863, in London; died 27 November 1933, in London.

Painter, sculptor, engraver, illustrator. Figure compositions, religious subjects, mythological subjects, landscapes.

Robert Anning Bell was the pupil of Aimé Morot in Paris and of Sir George Frampton in London. He taught at University College, Liverpool (...


Bensell, George Frederick  

American, 19th century, male.

Born 1837, in Philadelphia; died 26 May 1879, in Philadelphia.

Painter, illustrator. Religious subjects, landscapes.

George Frederick Bensell studied painting in Philadelphia for three years with John Lamblin. He sometimes painted landscapes, but concentrated on biblical scenes. Among his biblical paintings are: ...


Berga-Boada, José  

Spanish, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1872, in Olot, near Gerona; died 1923, in Sant Feliu de Guixols.

Painter, illustrator. Religious subjects.

José Berga-Boada trained in the studio of his father, Josep Berga y Boix. He was educated at the Figueras School and became a teacher at the Escuela de Bellas Artes in Olot. In ...