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Article

Achenbach, Gabrielle  

French, 20th century, female.

Born in Nucourt (Val-d'Oise).

Painter. Figures, still-lifes, flowers.

Achenbach was a pupil of Gustave Courtois, H. Royer and the realist painter Dagnan-Bouveret. She worked in Paris, where she exhibited at the Salon des Indépendants and the Société Nationale des Beaux-Arts in Paris, first in ...

Article

Adler, Edmund  

German, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1871; died 1957.

Painter. Figures, genre scenes, animals.

Edmund Adler, who painted in an extremely controlled Realist style as far as detail is concerned, specialised in scenes from childhood.

New York, 13 Oct 1978: Children Watching a Frog in a Jar...

Article

Agbokou, Félix Nyakpogbé  

Togolese, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 12 February 1977, in Lomé.

Painter (mixed media).

Félix Agbokou studied under Sokey Edoth between 1996 and 1999. He abandoned realism in favour of depicting a fantasy world, and his paintings are spontaneous to the extent that they have no predefined theme. Painted at night and by candlelight, each series of paintings is directly inspired by its immediate surroundings: Lomé, Kouma, Abouri or Ghana. Agbokou uses materials that come readily to hand - leaves of indigenous plants or the bark of local trees - and mixes them with acrylic paint, outlining his forms and individual colours with a black line obtained from a mixture of coconut milk and old nails. His work has featured at group exhibitions, including the ...

Article

Alfaro Echevarría, Ángel  

Cuban, 20th – 21st century, male.

Active in France.

Born 1952, in Yaguajay.

Painter.

Ángel Alfaro Echevarría has already gone through several periods: Naturalist, Abstract and then a return to the Figurative, albeit in a more detached, impulsive style.

Article

Anli, Hakki  

Turkish, 20th century, male.

Active also active in France.

Born 6 October 1920, in Istanbul.

Painter.

Hakki Anli was a student at Istanbul’s school of fine art until 1942, moving to Paris in 1946. His early work was of the realist genre, but he was later influenced by Picasso’s cubist art and abstract art. His painting was thus solidly based on a cubist infrastructure but gradually became freer in time....

Article

Aprea, Giuseppe  

Italian, 20th century, male.

Born 1879, in Naples.

Painter. Religious subjects, figures, landscapes.

Aprea was a pupil of the history painter Domenico Morelli and the Realist painter Filippo Palizzi at the fine art academy in Naples. As early as 1900 he showed his painting Queen of the Sky...

Article

Arnaud, Marie Joséphine  

French, 19th – 20th century, female.

Born 1854, in Argentière-La-Bessée (Hautes-Alpes); died 1921, in Beaume-des-Arnauds (Hautes-Alpes).

Painter. Landscapes.

Marie Joséphine Arnaud's landscapes have a quality of such objective Realism that they evoke what was later to become Hyperrealistic painting.

Gap (Mus. départemental): Farmyard in Ribiers

Article

Arrieu, Lucien Frédéric  

French, 20th century, male.

Born 1913.

Painter. Genre scenes.

Lucien Frédéric Arrieu was a Realist and sought out anecdotal or picturesque subjects.

Paris, 29 May 1964: Abandoned Canvas, FRF 2,000

Paris, 5 July 1994: Still-life with Bottle (oil on canvas, 23½ × 11¾ ins/60 × 30 cm) ...

Article

Aspelin, Gert  

Swedish, 20th century, male.

Born 1944, in Göteborg.

Painter.

After starting out doing collages in 1966, Gert Aspelin turned to Realist paintings with a didactic purpose. He has exhibited regularly, in solo and collective shows in Stockhom, since 1966.

Article

Aviat, Jules-Charles  

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 26 June 1844, in Brienne-le-Château; died 23 January 1931, in Périgueux.

Painter. Figures, portraits, genre scenes, landscapes, seascapes. Wall decorations.

Realism.

Jules-Charles Aviat was the son of a bolting (flour-sifting) machine operator, Jean Baptiste Mauperrin, and Marie Marguerite Doux. After the death of her husband, Marie married Pierre Antoine Aviat by whom she had two more children. In ...

Article

Baba, Corneliu; Cornelius  

Romanian, 20th century, male.

Born 18 November 1906, in Craiova.

Painter. Portraits, local scenes.

A pupil of N. Tonitza at the fine arts academy in Jasi, Corneliu Baba like most Romanian artists of the time, produced work strictly realist in character. He specialised in scenes from the life of peasants and labourers. He travelled to the Soviet Union, Bulgaria and Italy. He exhibited, from ...

Article

Backer, Harriet  

Norwegian, 19th – 20th century, female.

Born 21 January 1845, in Holmestrand; died 1932, in Oslo.

Painter. Portraits, interiors with figures, landscapes, still-lifes.

Realism.

Harriet Backer studied under J.F. Eckersberg at the school he established in Oslo. After spending time in Berlin and Weimar, she continued her studies in Italy in ...

Article

Baeder, John  

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1938, in New York.

Painter, watercolourist. Urban landscapes.

John Baeder paints in an exaggerated realist style which places him among the Hyperrealists. He enjoys painting typically American places, such as small tourist camps and converted trucks, buses or trailers used for selling hamburgers by the side of the road or in towns....

Article

Baikov, Leonid  

Russian, 20th century, male.

Born 1919.

Painter. Landscapes with figures.

A student at the I. Repin institute in Leningrad, working under the direction of Mikhail Avilov, Leonid Baikov was linked to the 19th academic tradition through his realist style and choice of subjects. He became a member of the Union of the Artists of the USSR and from ...

Article

Bail family (i)  

Gabriel P. Weisberg

French family of painters. Jean-Antoine Bail (b Chasseley, Rhône, 8 April 1830; d Nesle-la-Vallée, 20 Oct 1919) was largely self-taught, but he received some training at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts in Lyon before showing the intimate, monochromatic Artist’s Studio (Saint-Etienne, Mus. A. & Indust.) at the Salon there in 1854. He subsequently showed works at the Paris Salon, beginning in 1861 with The Cherries (untraced), and he exhibited at the Salon of the Société des Artistes Français, Paris, until 1898. He was recognized by contemporary critics as the artist who best exemplified the realist tradition in provincial themes. He used models who posed in his studio on the Ile St Louis for his paintings of cooks and maids, and many of his interior scenes, with their intimate figural groupings and close attention to detail, display an awareness of Chardin and Dutch 17th-century painting. Sensitive portraits such as the ...

Article

Baldero, Giorgio  

Italian, 19th – 20th century, male.

Painter. Genre scenes.

Giorgio Baldero continued in the much-criticised 'realist' bambocciati style - originally popularized in Rome by the 17th-century Dutch painter Pieter van Laer (1592-1642) - that revived and sustained the tenebrist naturalism of Caravaggio.

Paris, 10 Dec 1982...

Article

Barreda Fabres, Ernesto  

Chilean, 20th century, male.

Born 1927, in Paris.

Painter.

Barreda Fabres studied architecture at the Catholic university in Santiago and taught history of art in the architecture faculty from 1950 to 1955. He used a realist technique to paint constructions that belong to the world of the uncanny and the surreal. He took part in exhibitions in North America, Latin America and Europe and received many awards....

Article

Bauduin, Jean-Marie  

French, 20th century, male.

Born 1943, in Plougoumelen.

Sculptor, painter (mixed media).

Bauduin's sculptures, which have a clear geometric tendency, are often realised in plastic materials, such as synthetic resins, and in metal. Bauduin has taken part in group exhibitions, including: Salon des Grands et Jeunes d'Aujourd'hui, Salon de la Jeune Sculpture, Salon de Mai. He took part in ...

Article

Beal, Jack  

Anne K. Swartz

(b Richmond, VA, June 25, 1931; d Oneonta, NY, Aug 29, 2013).

American painter. Beal studied at the College of William and Mary, Norfolk, VA, before going on to the School of the Art Institute of Chicago and the University of Chicago. In 1965, he began having solo exhibitions at the Allan Frumkin Gallery, later Frumkin/Adams Gallery and then George Adams Gallery, which had venues in New York City and Chicago, continuing to exhibit with them into the 21st century. Like many artists working in the 1960s, he repudiated the abstract, then so current in the art world, and favored instead the kind of “New Realism” being espoused by artists such as Philip Pearlstein, among others. His art focuses on the figure indoors, usually rendered up-close in a compact interior environment. The colors are usually vivid and the lines often dominant.

Beal is known primarily as a painter, but in addition to painting and prints, Beal produced two major public art monuments. The first was a series of four murals titled ...

Article

Bec, Ireneusz  

Polish, 20th century, male.

Painter.

Ireneusz Bec worked instinctively, producing work that was spontaneous, rendered by energetically building up layers of paint. Occasionally realist elements such as objects appear in otherwise abstract compositions.