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Anli, Hakki  

Turkish, 20th century, male.

Active also active in France.

Born 6 October 1920, in Istanbul.


Hakki Anli was a student at Istanbul’s school of fine art until 1942, moving to Paris in 1946. His early work was of the realist genre, but he was later influenced by Picasso’s cubist art and abstract art. His painting was thus solidly based on a cubist infrastructure but gradually became freer in time....


Osman Hamdi  

S. J. Vernoit

[Edhem, Osman HamdiHamdi Bey]

(b Istanbul, Dec 30, 1842; d Eskihisar, Gebze, nr Istanbul, Feb 24, 1910).

Turkish painter, museum director and archaeologist. In 1857 he was sent to Paris, where he stayed for 11 years, training as a painter under Gustave Boulanger and Jean-Léon Gérôme. On returning to Turkey he served in various official positions, including two years in Baghdad as chargé d’affaires, while at the same time continuing to paint. In 1873 he worked on a catalogue of costumes of the Ottoman empire, with photographic illustrations, for the Weltausstellung in Vienna. In 1881 he was appointed director of the Archaeological Museum at the Çinili Köşk, Topkapı Palace, in Istanbul. He persuaded Sultan Abdülhamid II (reg 1876–1909) to issue an order against the traffic in antiquities, which was put into effect in 1883, and he began to direct excavations within the Ottoman empire. As a result he brought together Classical and Islamic objects for the museum in Istanbul, including the Sarcophagus of Alexander, unearthed in Sidon in ...


Kaptan, Arif  

Turkish, 20th century, male.

Born 1906, in Istanbul.

Painter. Landscapes.

Arif Kaptan painted mainly landscapes, in which one can discern the influence of Utrillo, yet with an oriental flavour. Gradually forsaking realism in favour of abstraction, he drew on the design repertoire of kilims and the carpets of Anatolia....


Polenov, Vasily Dmitrievich  

Russian, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 20 May 1844, in St Petersburg; died 18 July 1927, in Polenovo (Tula region).

Painter, engraver, designer, illustrator, teacher. History painting, religious painting, portraits, genre painting, landscapes, stage designs, costumes, decorative art, architecture.

The Peredvizhniki (Association of Traveling Art Exhibitions)...