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Article

Abelman, Ida  

American, 20th century, female.

Born 1910, in New York; died 30 December 2002, in New York.

Painter, engraver. Figures, scenes with figures, genre scenes.

Ida Abelman studied in New York at the Grand Central Art School, the National Academy School of Fine Art, City College of New York, Hunter College, the National Academy of Design and the Art Students League....

Article

Adams, Clinton  

Pat Gilmour

(b Glendale, CA, Dec 11, 1918; d Albuquerque, NM, May 13, 2002).

American painter, printmaker, art historian, writer and teacher. His appointment to the art faculty of the University of California, Los Angeles, in 1942 was interrupted by military service, and it was not until 1946 that he resumed his career as a teacher of the practice and theory of art. This took him to the universities of Kentucky (Lexington), Florida (Gainesville) and finally New Mexico (Albuquerque), where he served as Dean (1961–76). Despite academic demands, Adams always found time to paint and showed his work in over 50 solo exhibitions. Equally at home in oil, acrylic, watercolour and egg tempera, he was initially inspired by the abstracted cityscapes of Stuart Davis. Later he absorbed the lessons of Matisse, achieving particularly radiant paintings during the 1980s. In 1993 he was elected an Academician by the National Academy of Design.

In 1948, at Stanton Macdonald-Wright’s suggestion, Adams began to make lithographs with the Los Angeles printer, ...

Article

Adams, Katherine Langhorne (Mrs)  

American, 20th century, female.

Born in Plainfield (New Jersey).

Painter, engraver.

Article

Adams, Wayman  

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1883, in Muncie (Indiana); died 1959.

Painter, watercolourist, print artist. Portraits, genre scenes, landscapes, animals.

Wayman Adams has his first lessons in painting from his father, Nelson Perry Adams, a stock farmer who took up painting late in life. He studied with William Forsythe and J. Otis Adams at the John Herron Art Institute, Indianapolis, with William Merritt Chase in Italy in ...

Article

Aghib, Joan  

American, 20th century, female.

Active in Belgium.

Born in Rochester (New York).

Painter, engraver. Urban landscapes.

Joan Aghib received a degree in Philosophy and Literature from the University of Michigan. She was taught painting by Hans Hofmann in New York and engraving by Stanley William Hayter in his famous ...

Article

Aid, George Charles  

American, 20th century, male.

Active also active in France.

Born 1872, in Quincy (Illinois); died 1938.

Painter, engraver (etching). Portraits.

George Charles Aid studied at the School of Fine Art in St Louis. He went to France where he worked under the supervision of Jean-Paul Laurens and Benjamin-Constant. He exhibited in several artistic institutions in the USA and won a silver medal at the Universal Exhibition in St Louis in ...

Article

Albee, Grace Arnold  

American, 20th century, female.

Born 28 July 1890, in Scituate (Rhode Island); died 1985.

Painter, engraver (wood).

Grace Arnold Albee was the wife of Percy F. Albee. She studied at the Rhode Island School of Design and later moved to Paris, where she studied with the engraver Paul Bornet. While in Paris she exhibited at the Salon de la Société Nationale des Beaux-Arts and the Salon d'Automne. In the USA she exhibited mainly in Philadelphia....

Article

Albee, Percy F.  

American, 20th century, male.

Born 26 June 1883, in Bridgeport (Connecticut); died 1959.

Painter, lithographer. History painting.

Percy F. Albee studied at the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts. He exhibited at collective shows in various cities across the USA and in particular at the Art Institute of Chicago. He was a member of the Providence and New York Art Clubs. He started exhibiting at the Salon de la Société Nationale des Beaux-Arts and the Salon d'Automne in Paris in 1926. He painted symbolic or themed murals....

Article

Albright, Ivan  

Janet Marstine

(le Lorraine)

(b North Harvey, nr Chicago, Feb 20, 1897; d Woodstock, VT, Nov 18, 1983).

American painter, sculptor, printmaker and film maker. He was brought up in the suburbs of Chicago and was exposed to art at an early age by his father, Adam Emory Albright (1862–1957), a portrait painter. He passed on to his son the interest in careful draughtsmanship that he had developed from tuition with Thomas Eakins. Ivan’s initial field of interest was architecture, which he studied at Northwestern University, Evanston (1915–16), and at the University of Illinois, Urbana (1916–17). During World War I he served with an Army medical unit, making surgical drawings with great precision. He subsequently decided to become a painter and attended the Art Institute of Chicago (1920–23), the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts, Chicago (1923), and the National Academy of Design, New York (1924). Around this time he began to exhibit regularly.

Albright settled in Chicago in ...

Article

Albright, Ivan Le Lorraine  

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1897, in North Harvey (Illinois); died 1983, in Chicago.

Painter (gouache), engraver, draughtsman. Figures, portraits, still-lifes.

American Magic Realism.

Ivan Le Lorraine Albright was born into a family of artists and painters who had emigrated to the United States from Germany in the 18th century. His father, Adam Emory Albright, had been a pupil of Thomas Eakins, who was considered the precursor of the American tradition known as Magic Realism . Ivan Albright is said to have copied Eakins’ works from the age of eight. In addition to this early influence, his pictorial technique has a dual origin: his architectural studies at the University of Illinois and later his service as a medical draughtsman in France during World War I. For some unknown reason, he had to draw wounded and decaying anatomical parts as accurately as possible. He was awarded a distinction at the Art Institute of Chicago in ...

Article

Aldrich, George Ames  

American, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1872, in Worcester (Massachusetts); died 1941.

Painter, engraver. Landscapes.

At the beginning of the 20th century George Ames Aldrich took his vacations in north-west France, where he painted views of Normandy and Brittany.

New York, 4 Jan 1907: River Path, Marne Chapel...

Article

Allen, James E(dmund)  

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1894, in Louisiana (Missouri); died 1964.

Painter, engraver, draughtsman, sculptor. Scenes with figures.

James Edmond Allen studied in Chicago and New York, and was taught by Joseph Pennell and William Auerbach-Levy. In 1966 the Musée-galerie de la Seita in Paris showed his works in the exhibition America in the Depression - Politically Committed Artists of the Thirties ( L'Amérique de la Dépression - Artistes engagés des années trentes).

He worked in dry-point before concentrating on etching. During the thirties, with commissioned compositions depicting workers engaged in massive construction works, he worked for the Work Projects Administration (WPA) , a huge undertaking set up by the Roosevelt administration between 1935 and 1939 to help artists hit by the recession by offering them numerous commissions. Under the influence of Hans Hofmann his work became mainly abstract.

L'Amérique de la Dépression. Artistes engagés des années trente, exhibition catalogue, Musée-galerie de la Seita, Paris, 1996....

Article

Alston, Charles  

American, 20th century, male.

Born 28 November 1907, in Charlotte (North Carolina); died 27 April 1977, in New York.

Painter, sculptor, illustrator, lithographer. Murals.

Groups: Spiral, 306.

Charles Alston moved to New York with his mother in 1914, after his father died. Alston received his BA and MA (...

Article

Ament, Robert Selfe  

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1879, in Brooklyn (New York City).

Painter, engraver.

Article

Ames, May or Lydia May  

American, 19th – 20th century, female.

Born in Cleveland (Ohio); died 1946.

Painter, engraver.

Article

Amos, Emma  

American, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 1937, in Atlanta; died 20 May 2020, in Bedford (New Hampshire).

Painter, draughtswoman, print artist, photographer. Mosaics, posters.

Spiral Group.

Emma Amos studied at Antioch College, Yellow Springs, Ohio, the Central School of Art, London, and New York University. She started her career as a fabric designer. From 1964 to 1982, she worked at Robert Blackburn’s Printmaking Workshop in New York. She was the only woman in the Spiral Group from 1963 to 1965. Later, she became involved in the feminist movement, and contributed to publications such as Heresies and M/E/A/N/I/N/G. In 1980, she took up a teaching job at the Mason Gross School of the Arts at Rutgers University in Camden, New Jersey.

Amos thought that her identity as an African-American artist led her necessarily to create political art to counter racism in the USA. Using various techniques, including photography, she sewed the sections of her pictures to pieces of African fabric. Her works, which do not use a stretcher, recall Faith Ringgold’s painted story quilts. Sometimes they are out-and-out political statements, such as ...

Article

Amos, Emma  

Joan Marter

revised by Gabriella Shypula

(b Atlanta, GA, Mar 16, 1937; d Bedford, NH, May 20, 2020).

American painter, printmaker, and weaver. Born in segregated Atlanta, GA, Emma Amos grew up in an upper-middle-class family with connections to influential Black figures including W. E. B. Du Bois and Zora Neale Hurston. At age sixteen, she had exhibited her work at Atlanta University and enrolled in a five-year BFA program at Antioch College in Yellow Springs, OH (1953–1958). She went on to study etching, painting, and weaving at the Central School of Art, London (1958–1959) where she began creating gestural abstractions, experimenting with color, brushwork, and space to evoke specific places (e.g., Shepherd’s Path, 1958). In 1960 Amos moved to New York, where she worked as a rug designer for Dorothy Liebes, an art instructor. Simultaneously, she advanced her printmaking at two printmaking workshops: Robert Blackburn’s and Letterio Calapai’s (an outpost of Stanley William Hayter’s Atelier 17). Amos completed her MA at New York University (NYU) in ...

Article

Anderson, Akili Ron  

American, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 19 February 1946, in Washington DC.

Painter, sculptor, draughtsman, engraver, photographer, video artist, glassmaker, decorative designer. Theatre design.

AfriCobra Group.

Akili Ron Anderson attended the Corcoran School of Art and Howard University in Washington DC where he lives and works. He is a member of AfriCobra (African Commune of Bad Relevant Artists) founded in ...

Article

Anderson, Ellen Graham  

American, 20th century, female.

Born in Lexington (Virginia).

Painter, engraver, illustrator.

Article

Andrea, Italo Eugerrio Camerini d'  

American, 20th century, male.

Born 28 May 1919, in Chicago.

Painter, engraver.

Italo Eugerrio Camerini D'Andrea was a pupil of J. Luper and studied at the Santa Barbara School of Art and the Chouinard Art Institute in Los Angeles. He was a member of the San Francisco Art Association....