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Article

Marcel-Lenoir, Jules  

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 12 May 1872, in Montauban; died 7 September 1931, in Montricoux.

Painter, fresco artist, engraver, illustrator, poster artist. Religious subjects, figures, portraits, urban landscapes.

Marcel-Lenoir's father was a jeweller and goldsmith and the artist himself learned to set stones and engrave metal. He moved to Paris at a very early age, earning his living as an engraver and lithographer....

Article

Ruhl, Ludwig Sigismund  

Ingrid Sattel Bernardini

[Sigmind]

(b Kassel, Dec 10, 1794; d Kassel, March 7, 1887).

German painter, printmaker, illustrator and writer. After having lessons in drawing from his father, the sculptor and printmaker Johann Christian Ruhl (1764–1842), Ruhl studied from 1806 at the Kassel Kunstakademie. In order to gain a more thorough training in history painting, he spent the winter of 1812–13 studying anatomy at the university at Göttingen and then a year at the Akademie in Dresden.

Ruhl achieved his first successes in Kassel with pictures of horses, as Horse Race in Antiquity (1813; Kassel, Neue Gal.). In 1815, after serving in the Hessian cavalry fighting Napoleon, Ruhl continued his artistic studies in Munich and formed a close association with the painter Carl Philipp Fohr. The two shared an enthusiasm for chivalric romances and undertook joint commissions to illustrate them. Examples by Ruhl include drawings for Ludwig Tieck’s Melusine (c. 1815–16; Kassel, Neue Gal.; Frankfurt am Main, Städel. Kstinst. & Städt. Gal.)....

Article

Sala y Francés, Emilio  

Spanish, 19th – 20th century, male.

Active also active in France.

Born 20 January 1850, in Alcoy, near Alicante; died 14 April 1910, in Madrid.

Painter, watercolourist, engraver, draughtsman, illustrator, poster artist. History painting, religious and mythological subjects, portraits, genre scenes, still-lifes, landscapes. Murals.

Sala y Francés studied under his cousin Placido Francés and under Salustiano Asenjo at the Escuela de Bellas Artes in Valencia before settling in Madrid, where he initially complemented his studies by copying works by Goya and Velázquez. He went on to teach at the school of painting in Madrid from 1907....