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Article

Italian, 19th – 20th century, male.

Active in France from 1900.

Born 12 February 1856, in Milan; died 1940, in Molsheim (Bas-Rhin), France.

Painter, sculptor, designer of ornamental architectural features, decorative artist. Portraits. Furniture.

Orientalism, Art Nouveau.

Carlo Bugatti studied at the Accademia di Belle Arti di Brera in Milan, then at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris. He was originally interested in architecture, producing work that was heavily influenced by the strong styles of ancient Egypt and Islam. He later decided to devote himself to designing furniture and ornamentation. His talent was soon recognised and he was awarded many distinctions at exhibitions in London, Turin and at the 1900 Exposition Universelle in Paris. He sold his company in Milan and settled in Paris, then in 1910 in Compiègne. At the end of his life, beset by tragedies, including the suicide of his son Rembrandt in 1916, he went to live with his other son, Ettore, who had the car factory at Molsheim. Giovanni, Ettore's son and heir, was killed when testing a car in 1939....

Article

Polish, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1866, in Lubaczów; died 1924, in Cracow.

Painter, draughtsman, illustrator, decorative artist, ceramicist, sculptor, designer. Portraits, genre scenes, landscapes. Furniture.

Symbolism, Art Nouveau.

Debicki studied at the Akademie der bildenden Künste in Vienna from 1881 to 1884, then in Munich, Paris, Lemberg (now Lviv, Ukraine) and Cracow. He first settled in Lemberg and began teaching in ...

Article

Italian, 20th century, male.

Born 2 August 1888, in Rome; died 5 June 1958, in Turin.

Painter. Stage sets, furniture.

Futurism.

In Rome, Ugo Giannattasio studied under the sculptor Ximenes and at the Accademia. He knew Paris well, as he had spent his childhood there, and in ...

Article

German, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 28 January 1869, in Fürstenfeldbruck, near Munich; died 5 October 1934, in Dresden.

Sculptor, decorative designer, draughtsman. Designs (furniture, porcelain, jewels).

Karl Gross studied at the Kunstgewerbeschule in Munich from 1885 to 1888, then completed his training under the supervision of Fritz von Miller. In ...

Article

Gjergj Frashëri

[Nikollë]

(b Shkodër, Aug 15, 1860; d Shkodër, Dec 12, 1939).

Albanian painter, architect, sculptor and photographer. His grandfather Andrea Idromeno was a painter and a doctor of theology; his father, Arsen Idromeno, was a furniture designer and painter. Kol Idromeno took private lessons in painting (1871–5) at the studio of the photographer and painter Pietro Marubi (1834–1903). In 1875 he won a competition and began studies at the Accademia di Belle Arti, Venice. However, due to arguments with his teacher, he abandoned the school and continued his studies in one of the large studios in Venice (1876–8).

At first Idromeno produced works with both religious and secular themes that were noted for their highly realistic rendering of the human form (e.g. St Mary Magdalene, oil on canvas, 1877; Shkodër Mus.). Many of his biblical works were executed in churches within the Shkodër district, with perhaps his best work being the frescoes of the Orthodox Church in Shkodër, especially the fragment depicting ...

Article

Swiss, 19th – 20th century, male.

Active in Germany.

Born 23 May 1863, in Kilchberg, near Zurich; died 26 February 1927, in Munich.

Sculptor, painter, decorative designer. Monuments, designs (ceramic, furniture, fabrics, jewellery).

Hermann Obrist was the son of a Swiss doctor and a Scottish aristocrat. He studied medicine and botany at university in Heidelberg and Berlin. After travelling to England and Scotland, he trained as a ceramic designer at the Kunstgewerbeschule in Karlsruhe and under a craft potter in Thüringen, then studied art at the Académie Julian, Paris, before going to Florence in ...

Article

German, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 20 June 1868, in Munich; died 15 April 1957, in Munich.

Painter, sculptor, decorative designer, designer, architect, interior designer. Genre scenes. Furniture, fabrics, ceramic, glassware, carpets, toys.

Richard Riemerschmid trained in painting at the Kunstakademie of Munich from 1888...

Article

Russian, 20th century, female.

Active from 1905 in France.

Born 12 February 1884, in Smolensk; died 14 May 1957, in Nogent-sur-Marne, France.

Painter, sculptor, designer. Religious subjects, figures, portraits. Stage sets, furniture.

Maria Vassileva began her studies in medicine in St Petersburg from 1902, but switched to the fine art academy. Having received a travel grant, she arrived in Paris in 1905. She went back there in 1907 and finally settled there. A Russian news correspondent, she was a student of Matisse at the same time. She then got to know Max Jacob, among others. It was perhaps as a result of the article on Matisse that she published in the ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Active in the USA since 1966.

Born 20 April 1941, in Château-Arnoux-St-Auban (Alpes de Haute-Provence).

Painter, draughtsman, sculptor, designer, photographer, performance artist. Furniture.

Conceptual Art.

Bernar Venet lives and works in New York but spends extended periods in France, working in Rozières-sur-Mouzon, Nice and Grenoble....