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(b in or near Kufstein, Tyrol, ?June 16, 1712; d Augsburg, before Sept 7, 1761).

German draughtsman and painter. Kilian, his earliest biographer, stated that after training as a blacksmith with his father, he learnt the art of glass painting in Salzburg. Following travels through Austria, Hungary and Italy, Baumgartner was authorized in late 1733 to live in Augsburg, on condition that he only worked as a glass painter.

Only a few examples of Baumgartner’s own glass paintings have survived; however, he must have meanwhile worked intensively on drawings for copperplate engraving. There are hundreds of these drawings; they were made with extreme care, often on tinted paper and often on a very large scale, for publishers in Augsburg such as Klauber, Engelbrecht and Kilian. Designs in oil on canvas for engravings, such as Moses Ordering the Killing of the Midianite Women (1760; Augsburg, Schaezlerpal.), were a particular speciality of Baumgartner. By far the largest series numerically is for a calendar of saints, the ...


Marie Fredericq-Lilar

(b Ghent, Jan 12, 1699; d Ghent, July 15, 1770).

Flemish architect. With Bernard de Wilde, he introduced the Rococo to Ghent, characterized by the use of large windows, an emphasis on the upper parts of the façade and a taste for sculpted decoration. In 1726 ’t Kindt entered the Carpenters’ Guild. He built the Guard House (1738), Ghent, to designs by de Wilde. It has a projecting central range with a mansard roof, and a pediment flanked by two scrolls. In 1741 the town council in Ghent commissioned ’t Kindt to design a new prison. Its double arched pediment, appropriately decorated with a sculpture on the theme of Roman Charity, exhibits greater conservatism than the Guard House. In the large theatre (1744) on the Vrijdagmarkt, built for the triumphal entry into Ghent of Maria-Theresa, Countess of Flanders, ’t Kindt was influenced by the theatre created for the triumphal entry of Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor, in ...