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Article

Ahyi, Paul  

Christine Mullen Kreamer

(b Jan 25, 1930; d Lomé, Jan 4, 2010).

Togolese painter, sculptor, engraver, stained glass designer, potter and textile designer. Beginning in 1946, he received his secondary education in Dakar, where he also worked in an architecture firm. He travelled to France and received his diplôme supérieur from the Ecole des Beaux-Arts, Paris. A versatile artist, Ahyi is best known for his murals and for monumental stone, marble and cement public sculptures. His work reflects the fusion of his Togolese roots, European training and an international outlook, and he counts among his influences Moore, Braque, Modigliani, Tamayo, Siqueiros and Tall. His work combines ancient and modern themes and materials, maternity being a prominent topic. The messages of his larger, public pieces operate on a broad level to appeal to the general populace, while smaller works often reflect his private engagement with challenges confronting the human condition. His compositions are both abstract and figurative and evoke the heroism and hope of the two world wars, Togo's colonial period and the struggle for independence from France, as well as the political efforts of the peoples of Vietnam, South Africa and Palestine. Ahyi has won numerous international prizes, including the prize of the city of Lyon (...

Article

Albérola, Jean-Michel  

French, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 11 January 1953, in Saïda.

Painter, pastellist, sculptor, engraver, draughtsman, illustrator. Designs for stained glass.

Figuration Libre, Citationism.

Jean-Michel Albérola lived in Algeria until 1962. He then went to France, living successively in several cities, including Marseilles, Toulouse, Avignon and Paris. He studied in Marseilles and in Aix-en-Provence. Until ...

Article

Alleaume, Ludovic  

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 24 March 1859, in Angers; died 1941, in Angers.

Painter, decorative artist, lithographer. Religious subjects, mythological subjects, genre scenes. Designs for stained glass.

He was a pupil of Ernest Hebert and Luc-Olivier Merson at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris. Between ...

Article

Anderson, Akili Ron  

American, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 19 February 1946, in Washington DC.

Painter, sculptor, draughtsman, engraver, photographer, video artist, glassmaker, decorative designer. Theatre design.

AfriCobra Group.

Akili Ron Anderson attended the Corcoran School of Art and Howard University in Washington DC where he lives and works. He is a member of AfriCobra (African Commune of Bad Relevant Artists) founded in ...

Article

Audra, Célestin Paul Rosemond  

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 25 July 1869, in Valence; died 2 February 1948, in Nice.

Painter, watercolourist, pastellist, draughtsman, engraver (including etching). Genre scenes, portraits, landscapes. Wall decorations, frescoes, designs for mosaics, stained glass windows, ornaments.

Having attended classes at the École des Beaux-Arts in Lyons in ...

Article

Bang, Hai-Ja  

Korean, 20th century, female.

Active in France since 1961.

Born 5 July 1937, in Seoul.

Painter, print artist, calligrapher. Designs for stained glass.

Hai-Ja Bang graduated in fine arts of the University of Seoul in 1961, in which year she also arrived in Paris. She worked on frescoes and monument art at the École des Beaux-Arts with Aujame, Lenormand and Bertholle, while she studied stained glass at the École Supérieure des Arts Appliqués in ...

Article

Baron-Renouard, François  

French, 20th century, male.

Born 19 April 1918, in Vitré.

Painter (including mixed media). Designs for tapestries, designs for stained glass, designs for mosaics.

François Baron-Renouard is the grandson of the painter and engraver Paul Renouard. He studied for his diploma at the École Supérieure des Arts Décoratifs in Paris where he was taught by François Desnoyer, Maurice Brianchon and Raymond Legueult. He was an officer in the air force ...

Article

Bazaine, Jean  

French, 20th century, male.

Born 21 December 1904, in Paris; died 4 March 2001, in Clamart (Hauts-de-Seine).

Painter (including gouache), watercolourist, draughtsman, engraver, illustrator. Murals, designs for tapestries, designs for mosaics, designs for stained glass, stage sets.

Jean Bazaine studied with the sculptor Landowski at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris at the same time as studying for a degree in literature. He remained very interested in writing, and in the arts and culture in general. Many of his friends were poets and often wrote prefaces for his exhibitions. In 1924, he turned from sculpture to painting. In 1936, he went for the first time to St-Guénolé in Finistère-Sud (Brittany). Fascinated by the sea and the play of light on water which became one of his main subjects, he returned there frequently and also visited the Netherlands from 1956. In 1937 he met Jacques Villon who became a close friend. He received the second mention at the International Exhibition of the Carnegie Institute in Pittsburgh in 1950. He visited Spain and the USA and found there inspiration for his work....

Article

Bégule, Joseph Émile  

French, 20th century, male.

Born 25 August 1880, in St-Cyr; died 18 November 1972, in Lyons.

Engraver, painter, stained glass painter.

Joseph Bégule studied with Simon, Merson and Mesnard. He exhibited at the Salon des Indépendants, the Salon d'Automne and the Salon des Artistes Français, where he won a silver medal in ...

Article

Behrens, Peter  

German, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 14 April 1868, in Hamburg; died 27 February 1940, in Berlin.

Painter, draughtsman, engraver, architect, designer, decorative artist, graphic designer. Posters, furniture, wallpaper, carpets, glassware, ceramics, table services, jewellery, silverwork, objets d'art, typefaces.

Jugendstil, functional school.

Die Sieben (Group of Seven), Deutscher Werkbund...

Article

Bellomi, Federico  

Italian, 20th century, male.

Born 1928, in Colognola ai Colli, near Verona.

Painter, engraver, graphic designer, fresco artist, sculptor. Religious subjects. Designs for stained glass.

Bellomi studied initially at the Cignaroli Academy in Verona. After World War II, he worked as a coal miner in St-Étienne in France. However, he spent most of his life in Verona where, ...

Article

Berni, Antonio  

Jorge Glusberg

(b Rosario, May 14, 1905; d Buenos Aires, Oct 13, 1981).

Argentine painter, sculptor, and printmaker. He trained at the stained-glass window workshop of Buxadera & Compañía, Rosario, province of Santa Fé, and with Eugenio Fornels and Enrique Munné. He held his first exhibition in 1920. At the age of 20 he won a scholarship for study in Europe awarded by the Jockey Club of Rosario, which enabled him to study in Paris under André Lhote and with Othon Friesz at the Académie de la Grande Chaumière. After showing his European works in Buenos Aires in 1927 he obtained another scholarship, this time from the government of the province of Santa Fé, as a result of which he established contact with the Surrealists in 1928; in particular he befriended Louis Aragon and the French philosopher Henri Lefebvre.

Berni returned to Argentina in 1930. In 1933 he established an artistic–literary group, Nuevo Realismo, and began to depict Argentina’s social reality. From the 1960s, through two characters he created (Juanito Laguna and Ramona Montiel) he began to create works from pieces of metal and wood, buttons, burlap, wires, and other debris gathered by him in the shantytowns surrounding Buenos Aires. Combining in these works commonplace materials and a brutal realism (e.g. ...

Article

Bertholle, Jean  

French, 20th century, male.

Born 26 June 1909, in Dijon; died 6 December 1996, in Paris.

Painter, collage artist, engraver, draughtsman. Wall decorations, designs for mosaics, stained glass windows, tapestries, stage costumes and sets.

A pupil at the École des Beaux-Arts in Lyons in 1930, Bertholle studied in Paris from 1932-1934, and subsequently attended classes run by the painter Roger Bissière at the Académie Ranson, where he met his friends and associates Manessier, Etienne-Martin, Le Moal and Véra Pagava. He was artistic director of the Gien porcelain factory from 1943-1957, and taught at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris from 1965-1980. He was a member of the Institut de France, a Chevalier of the Légion d'Honneur and a Commander of the Ordre des Arts et des Lettres. Initially an admirer of Puvis de Chavannes, whose work he had encountered at the city museum in Lyons, Bertholle later discovered Manet (at the Paris Exposition Universelle of 1932), and through the latter, Van Gogh and Renoir. Following his early, highly-coloured Expressionist period, Bertholle was greatly influenced by the Flemish fantasies of Breughel and Heironymus Bosch, and ultimately by the Surrealists - as may be seen in his painting of the ...

Article

Bieler, Ernest  

Swiss, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 31 July 1863, in Rolle (Vaud); died 1948, in Lausanne.

Painter, engraver, decorative artist. Figure compositions, figures, portraits. Murals, designs for stained glass, furniture.

Art Nouveau.

Ernest Bieler was the uncle of André Charles Bieler. He studied at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris under Jules Lefebvre and Gustave Boulanger. He divided his time between the mountainous regions of the Valais and the shores of Lake Geneva; his body of work evokes the everyday life of the peasant communities in the Valais and the Canton of Vaud at the beginning of the twentieth century. Bieler was commissioned to paint compositions for the ceiling of the Victoria hall in Geneva; decorative panels and windows for the federal government building in Bern; stained glass windows for the Vevey church of St-Martin; and decorations for the vintners' festival. Additionally, he exhibited woodcut engravings and designed furniture....

Article

Bierge, Roland  

French, 20th century, male.

Born 26 August 1922, in Boucau (Pyrénées-Atlantiques); died 26 December 1991, in St-Antoine (Gers).

Painter, monotype artist, pastellist, draughtsman, lithographer. Nudes, landscapes, still-lifes. Stage sets, designs for stained glass.

At the age of 15 Roland Bierge was taking evening classes in applied arts in Bayonne. As a painter, he was self-taught, discovering Van Gogh in ...

Article

Bille, Edmond  

Swiss, 20th century, male.

Born 24 January 1878, in Valangin (Neuchâtel); died 1959, in Sierre.

Painter, stained glass painter, engraver. Figure compositions, landscapes.

Bille studied in Paris under Benjamin Constant and Jean-Paul Laurens and also followed courses at Geneva art college. He is remembered for his stained glass compositions for the church of Chamoson. He also showed considerable interest in poster art. His work featured at the ...

Article

Borel, Paul  

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 12 February 1828, in Lyons; died 1913.

Painter, engraver. Religious subjects, portraits, landscapes. Frescoes, designs for stained glass.

Paul Borel was a pupil of Louis Janmot. After 1863 Borel ceased to exhibit and began to decorate churches and chapels: he painted his frescoes unaided, and was unwilling to accept any payment for his work. His decorative works from this period include ...

Article

Bourguignon, Fred  

French, 20th century, male.

Born 2 November 1916, in La Renisière (Île d'Oléron).

Painter, draughtsman, engraver, illustrator. Designs for stained glass.

Fred Bourguignon was also a successful poet, publishing 16 collections of his poetry illustrated with his own drawings and wood engravings. He was sub-editor of the review ...

Article

Bozzolini, Silvano  

Italian, 20th century, male.

Active from 1947 mainly active in France.

Born 3 November 1911, in Fiesole, Tuscany; died February 1998.

Painter, collage artist, woodcut artist, illustrator. Designs for stained glass, designs for mosaics.

Groups: Arte d'Oggi, Espace.

Silvano Bozzolini studied art in Rome in 1928, continuing to study alone in Milan in the following year. In Florence, between 1931 and 1933, he studied the Tuscan Primitives, and was enthusiastic about the work of Masaccio, Giotto, Piero della Francesca and Uccello. In 1936, he enrolled at the art school there. From 1940 to 1943, he served in Mussolini's army in Albania, and subsequently in Greece, where he was wounded. Towards the end of the war, he joined the underground resistance. In 1946-1947, he became a member of the Arte d'Oggi (Art of Today) group. He visited Paris in 1947 and decided to settle there, becoming friends with the French painter, Jean Dewasne, the Hungarian painter, Victor Vasarely, and the French painter of Italian origin, Gilioli. He also met the Danes, Robert Mortensen and Egil Jacobsen, the Russian painter, Poliakoff, and in 1948 Jean Arp and Sonia Delaunay. He was also associated with Jean Deyrolle, and his fellow countryman, Alberto Magnelli, whose paintings were similar to his own. Thus he entered the circle of those artists who were to become the second abstractionist generation, becoming a member of their ...

Article

Bréchat, Pierre-Louis  

French, 20th century, male.

Painter, engraver, draughtsman, illustrator. Designs for tapestries, designs for stained-glass windows.

Pierre-Louis Bréchat studied at the École des Métiers d'Art et des Arts Appliqués and the École des Beaux-Arts in Bourges. He taught at the École des Beaux-Arts in Besançon. In ...