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Ademollo, Luigi  

Italian, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 30 April 1764, in Milan; died 11 February 1849, in Florence.

Painter, draughtsman (including ink), watercolourist, engraver (line-engraving). Allegorical subjects, historical subjects, battles, genre scenes, scenes with figures. Decorative schemes, church decoration, decorative designs.

After studying in Milan and Rome, Ademollo was invited to Florence to decorate the Teatro della Pergola (which has since been destroyed). He settled in Florence until his death and was widely regarded as one of the neo-classical masters of the Tuscan School. At the start of his career, he painted principally arabesques, but went on to develop his technique to the point where Ferdinand III commissioned him to decorate the Pitti Palace and to paint historical and allegorical subjects for its individual rooms. One of his best-known works is ...


Akopian, George  

Russian, 20th century, male.

Active in France.

Born 18 February 1912, in Baku.

Painter, watercolourist, draughtsman, engraver, decorative designer. Religious subjects, figures, nudes, scenes with figures, landscapes, seascapes, architectural views, still-lifes, animals. Designs for tapestries, designs for mosaics, murals, church decoration.

A self-taught artist of Armenian origin, George Akopian went to France in ...


Alleaume, Ludovic  

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 24 March 1859, in Angers; died 1941, in Angers.

Painter, decorative artist, lithographer. Religious subjects, mythological subjects, genre scenes. Designs for stained glass.

He was a pupil of Ernest Hebert and Luc-Olivier Merson at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris. Between ...


Ambrogi, Domenico  

called Menichino del Brizio

Italian, 17th century, male.

Born c. 1600, in Bologna; died after 1678.

Painter, decorative designer, fresco artist, engraver. Religious subjects, architectural views, perspectives, landscapes. Church decoration.

Studied initially under Bernardino Baldi, then Calvaert, following whose death in 1619 Ambrogi spent years studying with Francesco Brizio (from whom he takes his sobriquet Menichino del Brizio). Ambrogi quickly made a reputation for himself as a painter of frescoes and oils, not least in his depiction of landscape, architecture and perspective. The Uffizi in Florence houses two of his religious landscapes; his Guardian Angel is on show at S Giacomo Maggiore, and his St Francis in a Radiance of Angels can be seen at the church of the Annunziata. Ambrogi painted frescoes for the Paleotti and Dentone palaces and also decorated several private houses and public monuments. His Coronation of the Virgin is on view at the church of S Maria della Vita. In ...


Asam, Cosmas Damian  

German, 18th century, male.

Born 28 September 1686, in Benediktbeuren (Bavaria); died 1739, in Weltenburg Convent.

Painter, fresco artist, engraver, draughtsman, decorative designer. Religious subjects.

Son of the painter Hans Georg Asam. After learning the basics of his art he moved to Rome where he studied for several years before being awarded the coveted Accademia di San Luca Prize in ...


Barraud, Maurice  

Swiss, 20th century, male.

Born 20 February 1889, in Geneva; died 1954 or 1955, in Geneva.

Painter (including gouache), pastellist, engraver, draughtsman, illustrator, decorative designer. Religious subjects, allegorical subjects, genre scenes, figures, nudes, portraits, landscapes, still-lifes.

Barraud studied at the École des Arts et Métiers in Geneva and at the same time took evening classes at the École des Beaux-Arts under Pierre Pignolat. At first he worked in advertising as a designer and he was only able to dedicate himself fully to painting after 1913. He was a member of the ...


Baugin, Lubin  

French, 17th century, male.

Born c. 1612, in Pithiviers (Loiret); died 11 July 1663, in Paris, buried the next day in Paris, in the church of St-Sulpice.

Painter, draughtsman, engraver, decorative designer. Still-lifes, religious subjects, mythological subjects. Designs for tapestries.

Lubin Baugin was born into a well-to-do family, and received training as an artist between 1622 and 1628. On 23 May 1629, he was admitted to the guild of St-Germain-des-Prés as a master painter, at the same time as the Le Nain brothers. About 1632-1633, he went to Italy and set up in Rome, where he married a girl from that city, Brigitte Dasle. A son was born from this union at the end of 1639 or the beginning of 1640. On returning to Paris, he entered the Paris guild in 1641 as a master painter and was admitted to the Académie de St-Luc. He took on apprentices, and between 1643 and 1648 he executed some important orders, including paintings for Notre-Dame de Paris. After the death of his first wife, he remarried in 1645. From 1647 to 1649, he decorated the ...


Bawden, Edward  

British, 20th century, male.

Active in London.

Born 10 March 1903, in Braintree (Essex); died 21 November 1989, in Saffron Walden (Essex).

Painter (including gouache), watercolourist, illustrator, printmaker, graphic designer. Military subjects, rustic scenes, landscapes, seascapes, harbour scenes, architectural views, church interiors. Decorative panels.

Edward Bawden studied at Cambridge School of Art ...


Beaumont, Gustave de  

Swiss, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 27 November 1851, in Geneva; died 25 October 1922.

Painter, watercolourist, pastellist, engraver, decorative designer. Religious subjects, portraits, genre scenes, landscapes. Murals.

De Beaumont attended the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris and studied under Jean-Léon Gérome before returning to Geneva, where he divided his time between decorative painting and pictures. In ...


Bedeschini, Francesco  

Italian, 17th century, male.

Active in Italy.

Painter, engraver, draughtsman, decorative artist. Religious subjects.

Son of Giulio Cesare Bedeschini. He painted altarpieces for the churches of S Catarina and S Michele, and decorated the interior of the magistrate courts in Aquila in Abruzzi.


Blanchard, Jacques  

French, 17th century, male.

Born 1 October 1600, in Paris; died before 10 November 1638, in Paris, where he was buried on that date.

Painter, engraver. Religious subjects, mythological subjects, allegorical subjects. Wall decorations.

His uncle, Nicolas Bollery, started teaching Jacques and his brother Jean-Baptiste to paint when Jacques was just 13 years old. They went to Rome in 1624, breaking their journey in Lyons to work with Horace Le Blanc, the town's official painter. Jacques Blanchard went to Venice in 1626, and remained there for two years before going to Turin in 1628 to work for the Duke of Savoy. He married twice and had three children....


Blanchet, Thomas  

French, 17th century, male.

Born 1614 according to his death certificate, in Paris, in 1617 according to some sources; died 21 June 1689, in the Hôtel de Ville in Lyons.

Painter, draughtsman (including red chalk), engraver, architect, decorative designer. Historical subjects, mythological subjects, religious subjects, portraits, landscapes...


Boucher, François  

French, 18th century, male.

Born 29 September 1703, in Paris; died 30 May 1770, in Paris.

Painter, watercolourist, pastellist, draughtsman (including red chalk/ink/wash), illustrator, engraver, lithographer. Historical subjects, mythological subjects, religious subjects, allegorical subjects, portraits, rustic scenes, genre scenes, interiors with figures, animals, landscapes with figures, landscapes...


Brangwyn, Frank (Sir)  

British, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 13 May 1867, in Bruges, Belgium, to English parents; died 11 June 1956, in Ditchling.

Painter (including gouache), watercolourist, engraver, lithographer, illustrator. Religious subjects, figure compositions, figures, local scenes (carnival), rustic scenes, urban landscapes, architectural views, urban views, harbour scenes, seascapes...


Brayer, Yves  

French, 20th century, male.

Born 18 November 1907, in Versailles; died 29 May 1990, in Paris.

Painter (including gouache), watercolourist, engraver (etching), lithographer, draughtsman (including ink), monotype artist, illustrator, decorative designer. Figures, portraits, scenes with figures, genre scenes, landscapes with figures, landscapes, architectural views, seascapes, still-lifes...


Cave, William  

British, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1737, in Winchester; died 27 November 1813, in Winchester.

Painter. Decorative schemes, historical, mythological and religious subjects.

William Cave belonged to a family of artists and engravers. He married Ann Broadway in 1759. He and his three sons were active in the Winchester area, painting religious scenes in the Catholic chapel, mythological figures in the theatre and decorative panels wherever required....


Chagall, Marc  

real name: Mark Zakharovich Chagal

Russian, 20th century, male.

Active naturalised in France from 1937.

Born 7 July 1887, in Vitebsk; died 28 March 1985, in St-Paul-de-Vence, France.

Painter (including gouache), watercolourist, sculptor, ceramicist, engraver, decorative artist, illustrator.

Religious subjects, portraits, genre scenes, landscapes, landscapes with figures. Murals, designs for stained glass, designs for mosaics, low reliefs.

Poetic Reality.

Marc Chagall came from a Jewish family. His father was a clerk in a herring factory so they were not well off, one might even say poor. He first learned how to draw by copying book illustrations. In 1906, he studied with Jehudo Pen in Vitebsk. The following year he managed to leave for St Petersburg where he enrolled at the School for the Encouragement of the Arts. Not altogether satisfied with the teaching he was receiving there, he arranged to have himself admitted to the Zvanseva School in 1908, where his teacher, Leon Bakst, introduced him to the work of Cézanne, Gauguin, and Van Gogh. In 1910, thanks to a bursary, he was able to achieve his dream and move to Paris, where he set up home in ‘La Ruche’, in those days a haven for struggling artists. There he met Max Jacob, Guillaume Apollinaire, and Blaise Cendrars, and later Amedeo Modigliani, Delaunay, and La Fresnaye. In 1911, he took part for the first time in the Salon des Artistes Indépendants in Paris, and in 1914 exhibited for the first time at the Der Sturm Gallery in Berlin. That same year he returned to Russia and married Bella Rosenfeld in 1915. Their daughter Ida was born a year later. During its early years, Chagall supported the Russian Revolution and in 1917 he was appointed Commissar for Fine Arts in Vitebsk and founded an academy at which El Lissitzky, Kazimir Malevich, and Ivan Puni taught. In 1919, he participated in the first official exhibition of revolutionary art in Petrograd (now St Petersburg). But before long he clashed with the Suprematists, particularly Malevich who, with the support of his friends, took advantage of Chagall’s absence to seize control of the academy. Chagall resigned and left for Moscow in 1920, where his art took on a new direction with the commission he was given by Granovsky, the director of the Theatre of Jewish Art in Moscow and for which Chagall not only designed stage sets and costumes, but also painted murals and created stage curtains. Chagall completed six large-scale panels within just a few months. Stalin’s anti-Semitic policy, however, led to the theatre’s closure in 1949. The Tretiakov Gallery kept the canvases in its vaults for more than 40 years and in 1973 Chagall, back home in Russia, was able to see them again and sign them. In 1920, he started writing his autobiography ...


Chodowiecki, Daniel Nicolas  

German, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 16 October 1726, in Danzig (now Gdansk, Poland); died 7 February 1801, in Berlin.

Painter, engraver, miniaturist, enameller, illustrator. Religious subjects, mythological subjects, portraits, genre scenes, landscapes.

Of Polish origin, he went to Berlin in 1743. Originally a painter of enamels, he then, after studying under Christian Bernhard Rode, gained a name for himself through the publication of the Berlin academy almanac, for which he executed a series of plates illustrating the main scenes of the ...


Corneille, Jean-Baptiste  

French, 17th century, male.

Born 2 December 1649, in Paris; died 12 April 1695, in Paris.

Painter, engraver, draughtsman (including red chalk). Historical subjects, mythological subjects, religious subjects, figures, portraits. Wall decorations, church decoration.

Jean-Baptiste Corneille learned his craft under the direction of his father, Michel Corneille, and Errard. On 14 February 1679, he married Madeleine Mariette, the aunt of the author Mariette, who wrote a famous dictionary entitled ...


Coypel, Antoine  

French, 17th – 18th century, male.

Born 11 April 1661, in Paris; died 7 January 1722, in Paris.

Painter, pastellist, engraver, decorative designer, draughtsman. History painting, religious subjects, allegorical subjects, mythological subjects, portraits, genre scenes.

Antoine Coypel was the most famous artist of the Coypel family, though he was not perhaps the most talented. He was the son of Noël Coypel and assumed his father's role as director of the French academy in Rome in 1672. He began to demonstrate artistic leanings when he was just a boy, and this caught the attention of Bernini, who became his mentor. However, the rapid success he enjoyed as a young man, along with the flattery heaped upon him by self-interested people wishing to curry favour with his father, had a negative effect on his artistic temperament. When he returned to France he found that he already had a reputation in his homeland as a sort of prodigal child. Soon after his return to France in 1681, he was admitted into the Académie: he was just 20 years old at the time. In 1710 he was appointed director of drawings and paintings of the king's Cabinet. In 1714 he was made a director of the Académie. In 1715 he became first painter to the king. And in 1717 he obtained his letters patent of nobility....