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Deineka, Aleksandr Aleksandrovich  

Russian, 20th century, male.

Born 1899, in Kursk; died 1969, in Moscow.

Painter, illustrator, decorative artist, engraver. Figure compositions.

Socialist Realism.

Association of Easel Painters (OST).

Aleksandr Aleksandrovich Deineka studied at the Kharkov art college, and also with Vladimir Favorsky and Ignati Nivinksy at the Vkhutemas institute (Higher Artistic and Technical Studios) in Moscow. He was a founding member of OST, the Society of Easel Painters, where young painters aimed to reflect the contemporary revolutionary process in their works. They used strong images with striking graphic lines, and contributed to the rise of easel painting, monumental art, illustration and the production of theatre décors. In 1928, he was a professor in the lithograph department in the graphic arts faculty of the Vkhutein and in the same year he painted a large canvas entitled ...

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Weiner, Tibor  

(b Budapest, Oct 29, 1906; d Budapest, July 8, 1965).

Hungarian architect, critic, urban planner and furniture designer . After graduating in 1929 from the Hungarian Palatine Joseph Technical University, Budapest, he joined the Bauhaus in Dessau, where he worked under Hannes Meyer. Weiner attended the CIAM II Congress (1929), Frankfurt, and, convinced that the architect’s mission was to serve and transform society, he followed Meyer and his group to the USSR in 1931. There, as assistant professor at the Technical University, Moscow, he contributed, with Hans Schmidt and Konrad Püschel, to urban planning projects, in particular the underground railway system, Moscow, and the development of the city of Orsk. Weiner left the USSR in 1933, and, after working in Basle from 1934 to 1936, in 1937–8 he was employed by Grete Schütte-Lihotzky (b 1897) in Paris, designing furniture for children. In 1939 he moved to Chile, where he became a professor of architecture (1946–8) at the University of Santiago. In ...