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Chenavard, (Claude-)Aimé  

(b Lyon, 1798; d Paris, June 16, 1838).

French painter, designer and interior decorator. Throughout his career he was an advocate of the importance of art and design for industry and manufacture. In 1830 he was appointed adviser to the Sèvres Porcelain Factory by the director Alexandre Brongniart (1770–1847). There Chenavard made cartoons for stained-glass windows, a stoneware ‘Vase de la Renaissance’ shown at the 1833 Sèvres exhibition and designs for the Duc d’Orléans (future King Louis-Philippe), such as a silver-gilt ewer made by M. Durant and shown at the 1834 Paris Exposition Universelle. Chenavard exhibited designs at the Paris Salons of 1827, 1831, 1833 and 1834, among them his Gothic-style designs, in collaboration with Achille Mascret, for the decoration of the chapel at the château of Eu, and his sketches for the restoration of the Théâtre Français and Opéra Comique in Paris. Material by Chenavard is preserved in the Musée National de Céramique at Sèvres and the ...

Article

Karas, Vjekoslav  

Boris Vižintin

(b Karlovac, May 19, 1821; d July 5, 1858).

Croatian painter. He was apprenticed to the furniture trade, which he soon abandoned to join the workshop of the painter F. Hamerlitz. Apart from learning his craft, he was employed painting houses and churches. His first patron, Colonel Franjo Kos von Kossen, along with other Karlovac notables, raised enough money to send him on a scholarship to Italy. In 1838 he arrived in Florence, where he was first taught by A. Corsi and subsequently by G. Meli. He became associated with the painter Francesco Salghetti-Drioli and copied Old Masters such as Fra Angelico and Ghirlandaio. In 1841 he left Florence and travelled to Rome via Siena. In Rome he fell under the influence of the Nazarenes and in particular of their ideological leader, Friedrich Overbeck, as can be seen in his Moses at the Riverbank (Karlovac, City Mus.) and other religious paintings of that period. After a short visit home Karas returned to Rome in ...

Article

Riccardi, Bernardino  

Italian, 19th century, male.

Born 19th May 1814, in Parma; died 8th October 1854, in Rome, of cholera.

Painter, decorative designer. Historical subjects, portraits, self-portraits.

Bernardino Riccardi was a member of the Romantic school.

Parma (Mus.): Self-portrait

Article

Wyspianski, Stanislaw  

Polish, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 15 January 1869, in Cracow; died 28 November 1907, in Cracow.

Painter, draughtsman, engraver, pastellist, illustrator, designer, poet, writer. Portraits, figures, figure compositions, landscapes. Designs for stained glass, stage sets, furniture.

Neo-Romanticism, Symbolism, Japonisme.

Stanislaw Wyspianski was the son of the sculptor Franc Wyspianski and he studied at academy in Cracow with Jan Matejko ...