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Article

American, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1963.

Painter, draughtsman, collage artist, illustrator.

David Aronson, drawn to occultism, paints Surrealistically absurd images, which are sometimes frightening or disturbing. He has produced a set of paintings on the subject of the Holocaust. He also illustrates works for young readers....

Article

British, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 1966, in Merseyside.

Sculptor, draughtswoman, installation artist. Wordscapes, film. Artist’s books. Artist’s multiples..

Fiona Banner has a BA in Fine Art from Kingston Polytechnic in London, and an MA in Fine Art from Goldsmiths College in London. She was shortlisted for the Turner Prize in ...

Article

British, 20th–21st century, male.

Born 1963, in England.

Book artist, printmaker, graphic designer, installation artist, art director, writer, educator. Community art, environmental art.

After a Foundation course at Lanchester Polytechnic, Lanchester (1981–1982), Les Bicknell studied graphic design at the London College of Printing (...

Article

Xu Bing  

Melissa Chiu

(b Chongqing, 1955).

Chinese installation artist . Xu Bing spent much of his childhood in Beijing where his parents were professors at Beijing University. He said that being surrounded by books during this formative period in his life gave him an intense interest in them. Xu studied printmaking at the Central Academy of Fine Arts in Beijing (1987). One of Xu’s most memorable early works is Tian Shu ( A Book from the Sky , 1987–91), which was created during the 1985 New Wave Movement in China—a period of new-found freedom for artistic experimentation. Tian Shu consisted of reams of paper printed with Chinese characters, each one in some way incorrect, so that the cumulative effect is a library of nonsensical words. The labour needed to create this art work was substantial, taking the artist nearly four years to complete carving the individual characters into woodblocks. The reams of printed paper were exhibited in three different ways: as traditional hand-bound books, suspended large scrolls, and wall posters. ...

Article

German, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1950.

Painter, lithographer, performance artist, photographer. Artists' books.

Fluxus.

Wolf Adam Bottinelli trained at the art academy in Kassel. He appears to have a very free idea of the act of creation, which has brought him close to the ...

Article

Luxembourg, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1946, in Luxembourg.

Painter (mixed media), collage artist, illustrator.

Robert Brandy studied in Luxembourg and Aix-en-Provence. From the first, his style tended towards the Abstract, his technique being resolutely and analytically mixed. Subsequently these two tendencies grew even more pronounced. The mixed technique, which had its own characteristic fluidity, became more complex with collage and the enclosure of some paintings in casings. The abstract expression hardened into a fluent expertise, pictorial deftness employing smears and running paint, and light coloration. Some of his paintings acquire a sense of gravity thanks to sophisticated use of pigment as matter and denser colours....

Article

Russian, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1946, in Leningrad (now St Petersburg).

Painter (mixed media), engraver. Artists' books.

From 1954 to 1961 William Bruï attended the school of fine arts in Leningrad. In 1968 left the Soviet Union and travelled on several occasions around France and the USA....

Article

French, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 9 November 1965, in St-Maurice.

Painter (mixed media), engraver, illustrator. Figures.

Miguel Buceta studied graphic arts at the Berçot Studio in Paris and attended lectures by Cueco and Guignebert at the École des Beaux-Arts. He spent some time in Japan in ...

Article

French, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 1953 , in Paris.

Installation artist, photographer, film producer. Artists’ books.

Conceptual Art, Art Narratif.

Starting from a narrative framework, Sophie Calle creates installations, books, films, and even CDs, illustrating an autobiographical experience or exploring the limits between private and public space. Texts accompany the photographs as part of the exhibit on the wall. Artists’ books she has published include: ...

Article

French, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 24 February 1958.

Painter (including mixed media), collage artist, engraver, draughtsman, illustrator, poster artist. Stage sets.

Olivier de Cayron is a self-taught painter whose work betrays the influence of Pollock, Dubuffet and, on occasion, Michaux. In 1985, he was one of the co-founders of the ...

Article

French, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 23 September 1955, in Paris.

Painter, collage artist, illustrator. Landscapes, nudes.

Neo-Constructivism.

Louis Chagnon taught history and geography from 1987 to 1995, before taking up painting full-time. He was awarded the Prix Artcolle at the 6th Salon de Collage Contemporain, in Paris in ...

Article

Catherine M. Grant

(b Paris, after 1945).

French performance and installation artist, painter, bookmaker, furniture and interior furnishings designer. Chaimowicz moved to England as a child, studying at Ealing College of Art (1963–5), Camberwell College of Art (1965–8) and the Slade School of Art (1968–70). Whilst completing his MA at the Slade, Chaimowicz decided to abandon painting, and started to make performance work, such as Celebration? Real Life (1972; performed at the Ikon Gallery, Birmingham and Gallery House, London). For the duration of each show, Chaimowicz lived within the domestic space that he had created, serving coffee to visitors to the gallery. His work during the 1970s and early 1980s concentrated on performances in imaginary, idealised domestic spaces, with fragmented narratives and symbolic actions. Partial Eclipse (1980–82) consisted of Chaimowicz walking in a figure of eight in front of and behind a screen on which slides of his apartment/studio were projected, whilst a female voice recounted fragments of meetings, situations and relationships (see ...

Article

American, 20th–21st century, male.

Born 1973, in Hong Kong.

Video artist, multi-media artist, activist, and publisher. Artists’ books

Paul Chan spent his early childhood in Hong Kong but immigrated to Omaha, Nebraska, in his youth. He began his BFA in video and digital arts at the Art Institute of Chicago in ...

Article

French, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 22 May 1963, in Paris.

Painter, sculptor, draughtsman, mixed media, assemblage artist, video artist. Multimedia, artists' books.

Neo-Conceptual Art.

Groupe des Frères Ripoulin.

Claude Closky studied at the École des Arts Décoratifs in Paris and was a founder member of the Frères Ripoulin group. He was awarded the ...

Article

British, 20th–21st century, male.

Born 1952, in London.

Printmaker (etching, lithography, screenprinting, digital printmaking), sculptor, curator, writer, educator. Installation art, artists’ books.

Paul Coldwell completed foundation studies at Canterbury College of Art in 1972, before studying fine art at Bristol Polytechnic (1972–1975) and printmaking at the Slade School of Art. He was head of printmaking at the Byam Shaw School of Art, then Camberwell College of Art and Crafts, before becoming Professor at Chelsea College of Art & Design....

Article

American, 20th – 21st century, male.

Active also active in France.

Born 1957, in Concord (New Hampshire), United States.

Painter, sculptor, collage artist, pastellist, draughtsman, engraver, screen printer, illustrator. Stage sets.

Neo-Expressionism, Citationism.

George Condo is an American artist who lived in Paris before moving to New York in the early 1980s. There, he met Andy Warhol, Julian Schnabel, Jean-Michel Basquiat, and Keith Haring, and he worked with Beat Generation authors William S. Burroughs and Allen Ginsberg. In 1999 he received an award from the American Academy of Arts and Letters....

Article

British, 20th – 21st century, female.

Active in Germany.

Born 12 November 1965, in Canterbury (England).

Painter, draughtswoman, filmmaker, photographer, installation artist. Artists’ books.

Tacita Dean studied painting at the Falmouth School of Art (graduated 1988), the Supreme School of Fine Art in Athens (1989), and the Slade School of Fine Art in London from 1990 to 1992. She lives and works in Berlin.

Dean works in a variety of media, but her preferred medium is 16mm film. The themes of time and memory inform her work, particularly the relationship between fact and fiction in the past and the present. Her films are inherently elusive and attempt to embrace the poetic middle ground between inner and outer worlds. Held together by a sparse narrative, Dean's films observes empty houses, open stretches of water, and vestiges of a forgotten and obsolete past on the verge of disappearance. An overwhelming stillness is generated by lengthy, static takes that excite a curious expectation in viewers as they search for meaning within and beyond the film. There is no narration, but the noises in the streets or gardens penetrate the silence and heighten the sense of foreboding. The sea and the elements are recurring themes in her work and address Romantic notions of the sublime. Her ...

Article

French, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 19 November 1950, in Chaumont (Haute-Marne).

Sculptor (including wood), ceramicist, installation artist. Low reliefs, artists' books.

Martine Diersé is a graduate of the École des Arts Décoratifs in Strasbourg. She settled in the Ardèche, France. She has made artists' books, such as ...

Article

German, 20th–21st century, female.

Born 1961, in Karlsruhe.

Active in Amsterdam.

Installation artist, sculptor. Artists’ books

Conceptual Art.

Yvonne Dröge Wendel grew up in southern Germany and received her MA in education at the Westfälische Wilhelms Universität Münster in 1986. At age 26 she moved to the Netherlands to attend the Audio Visual Department of the Rietveld Academie in Amsterdam until ...

Article

Moroccan, 20th – 21st century, female.

Active in France.

Born 1950, in Casablanca.

Painter, sculptor, sculptor of assemblages, draughtswoman, illustrator.

Sylvia Elharar-Lemberg studied at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris and at the art teachers training college in Tel Aviv. Her paintings and drawings create the effect of transparency and obliteration, often starting from the square design of a tetragram. She also creates assemblages, such as mysterious grills, iron rods placed alongside labels and photographic plates. Sylvia Elharar-Lemberg has shown at group exhibitions in France since ...