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Canadian First Nations (Oji-Cree), 20th century, female.

Born 28 March 1971, in Yorkton (Saskatchewan).

Installation artist, ceramicist, photographer, sculptor, printmaker.

KC Adams studied at Concordia University, in Montreal, Quebec, where she received her BFA in Studio Arts in 1998. Her artistic practice was further developed through artists’ residencies in Canada, at institutions in Banff, Charlottetown and Winnipeg. During her ...


American, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 19 February 1946, in Washington DC.

Painter, sculptor, draughtsman, engraver, photographer, video artist, glassmaker, decorative designer. Theatre design.

AfriCobra Group.

Akili Ron Anderson attended the Corcoran School of Art and Howard University in Washington DC where he lives and works. He is a member of AfriCobra (African Commune of Bad Relevant Artists) founded in ...


Margo Machida

(b New York, Aug 16, 1949).

American printmaker and installation artist. Born and raised in New York City, Arai, a third-generation Japanese American printmaker, mixed-media artist, public artist and cultural activist, studied art at the Philadelphia College of Art and The Printmaking Workshop in New York. Since the 1970s, her diverse projects have ranged from individual works to large-scale public commissions (see Public art in the 21st century). She has designed permanent public works, including an interior mural commemorating the African burial ground in lower Manhattan and an outdoor mural for Philadelphia’s Chinatown. Other works include Wall of Respect for Women (1974), a mural on New York’s Lower East Side, which was a collaboration between Arai and women from the local community. Her art has been exhibited in such venues as the Bronx Museum of the Arts, the Whitney Museum of American Art, the Museum of Modern Art, International Center for Photography, P.S.1 Museum, the Brooklyn Museum, the Museum of Contemporary Hispanic Art, all New York and the Library of Congress, Washington, DC. She is the recipient of awards and fellowships from National Endowment for the Arts, New York Foundation for the Arts, and Joan Mitchell Foundation....


Greek, 20th – 21st century, male.

Active in Germany.

Born 1954, in Athens.

Draughtsman, engraver, sculptor, video artist. Multimedia.

Michalis Arfaras first studied painting at the school of fine arts in Athens between 1972 and 1974. He continued his studies at the college of fine arts in Brunswick in Germany where he specialised in engraving and produced book illustrations and comic strips. He now lives and works in Hildesheim where he teaches graphic art at the university....


Spanish, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1957, in Selanitx (Majorca).

Painter (including gouache/mixed media), watercolourist, collage artist, engraver, draughtsman. Animals, still-lifes, landscapes, seascapes.

Between 1972 and 1973, Miquel Barceló studied at the school of arts and crafts in Palma. The following year, he went to Barcelona and began attending the city's fine arts school, but soon abandoned it because he found the teaching too classical for his taste....


Cecile Johnson


(b Long Beach, CA, March 14, 1941).

American installation artist, painter, printmaker and sculptor. Bartlett studied at Mills College, Oakland, CA (1960–63), and at the Yale School of Art and Architecture, New Haven, CT (1964–5). The progressive approach to modern art taught at Yale and the nearby thriving art scene of New York were instrumental in her early development (1963–early 1970s). Bartlett’s first one-person exhibition was in New York (1970) in the loft of the artist Alan Saret. Nine-point Pieces (1973–4), a later work, was shown at the Paula Cooper Gallery in New York and was experimental both conceptually and materially. Her ambivalent use of systems to establish an order and to oppose it allowed her to explore the material and the conceptual process of making images and objects. Rhapsody (1975–6; priv. col., see exh. cat., p. 21), one of her best-known installations, consists of 988 steel plates covered with screenprint grids and hand-painted Testors enamel and hung on a wall (2.28×47.86 m). Each plate exists individually and in relation to its adjoining plate and may be read vertically or horizontally, creating a mesh of stylistic variability exploring both figurative and non-figurative motifs. Another work of the 1970s is ...


Native American (Wiyot and Yurok), 20th–21st century, male.

Born 1946, in Newport (Oregon).

Sculptor, painter, ceramicist, mixed-media artist, print-maker.

Rick Bartow of the Wiyot and Yurok Nations of Northern California works in a number of media to create images which often reference indigenous North American transformation myths. His work with the Maori artist John Bevan Ford has also been an influence. In ...


Belgian, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1949, in Lokeren.

Painter, engraver, draughtsman, pastellist, installation artist. Portraits, figures, still-lifes, landscapes, animals.

Michel Barzin studied drawing and engraving at the academies in Brussels, Boisfort and Liège. He has won numerous prizes, including the quinquennial Liège grand prix for engraving in ...


Canadian, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1951, in Lachine (Quebec).

Painter (mixed media), engraver, screen printer, lithographer.

Luc Béland was initially a printmaker. In this phase (1972-1974), he cut into pieces and reassembled commonplace figurative images. Then, from 1975 to 1977, he practised a kind of Field Painting. His paintings in this style are mostly in monochrome, and consist of expanses of colour applied in superimposed layers and covered by networks of brightly coloured oblique lines. In the paintings that he produced in ...


Venezuelan, 20th – 21st century, male.

Active in the USA.

Born 1949, in Caracas.

Watercolourist, engraver, collage artist.

Ricardo Benaim studied engraving from 1980 to 1982 in Paris at Atelier 17 and then Atelier 63. From 1982 to 1985 he taught at the Pratt Graphic Center in New York and after spending a few years in Europe returned to Caracas. He now divides his time between Caracas and New York and pursues his career in advertising. In his early career Benaim used traditional engraving techniques but he has gradually embellished these with collage and a variety of materials such as letters, postcards and photographs to the point of producing an embossed background which he then embellishes with detail....


British, 20th–21st century, male.

Born 1963, in England.

Book artist, printmaker, graphic designer, installation artist, art director, writer, educator. Community art, environmental art.

After a Foundation course at Lanchester Polytechnic, Lanchester (1981–1982), Les Bicknell studied graphic design at the London College of Printing (...


French, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 22 October 1956, in Nantes.

Painter (including mixed media), pastellist, sculptor, engraver, draughtsman. Figure compositions, figures.

Figuration Libre (related to).

Blais studied at the École des Beaux-Arts in Rennes between 1974 and 1979, where his teachers included Pierre Antoniucci. He lives and works in Paris and Vence. For an exhibition in Rennes in ...


Argentinian, 20th – 21st century, male.

Active also active in France.

Born 1960, in Córdoba.

Painter (mixed media).

Antonio Blasi was the son of Antonio Seguí Blasi. He started out as a wood engraver and wood continues to play a predominant role in his work: he paints on wood, uses embossed wood in collage and throws sawdust on his paintings, which include trompe l'œil wood effects and often contain wooden boxes, no doubt in reference to the coffin, the final wooden box. His painting is littered with signs, including crosses, and the mainly grey and neutral backgrounds are enlivened by touches of bright red, blue and green....


British, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 3 May 1965, in Darvel (Ayrshire), Scotland.

Sculptor, installation artist, printmaker. Figures, flowers. Multimedia.

Christine Borland studied at the Glasgow School of Art (1983-1987), and the University of Ulster, Belfast (1987-1988). She lives and works in Glasgow. Her work deals with the ways in which life is exploited and devalued by social systems and institutions, such as hospitals, prisons, police forces and the army. Borland uses images from forensic and medical science in her work, as in ...


South African, 20th–21st century, male.

Born 1974, in Pretoria.

Sculptor, printmaker, installation artist.

Wim Botha graduated from the University of Pretoria with a BA (Visual Art) in 1996, and lives in Cape Town. His work is usually controversial because of its iconoclastic nature, for example, he deconstructed the typical style of well-known South African artist J.H. Pierneef and of classical portrait busts, and he uses recycled Bibles to sculpt Christ figures. He has received a number of prestigious awards, including the first Tollman Award in ...


German, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1950.

Painter, lithographer, performance artist, photographer. Artists' books.


Wolf Adam Bottinelli trained at the art academy in Kassel. He appears to have a very free idea of the act of creation, which has brought him close to the ...


French, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1950, in St-Ouen.

Sculptor, sculptor of assemblages, engraver.

In his sculptures Bourdin examines the ways in which materials can be displayed. Thus, from long, rigid trestles he hangs wooden components, which become kinds of mobile and archaic decorations. Bourdin was awarded the Créteil sculpture prize in ...


French, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 6 October 1952, in Bourgoin.

Sculptor, installation artist, lithographer.

Marie Bourget lives and works in Paris. Her work covers a vast area, including picture and idiom. Her installations involve interaction between the object, its visual interpretation and its title. Idiom is present everywhere in her works, but used with a more playful aim than was the case with the generation of Conceptual artists. She presents graphic geometric forms which make reference to those used by the artists of Minimal Art; like them, she designs her pieces and then has them realised by others. The objects then become emblematic images, archetypes of representation which become almost abstract. The materials are simple, such as iron, wood, glass, paper, string, Perspex and photographs. The colours are dark, 'descriptive', and applied thickly, without reflections or light effects. The objects presented make reference to three orders: natural, architectural and cultural. Then, Marie Bourget plays on the many possible meanings for a form, overturning usual perceptions by changes of genre and order. In this way, a tiny sheet of translucent paper with a crenellated border does indeed become a castle when held against the wall, its shadow acquiring all the importance claimed by its title. ...


American, 20th – 21st century, male.

Active since 1972 also active in France.

Born 1951, in Los Angeles.

Painter (including gouache/mixed media), watercolourist, sculptor, engraver. Figures, portraits.

James Brown became interested in specifically religious symbols, and their interior force, at a very early age, while he was studying at school and at the Jesuit University. When he went to Paris in ...


Russian, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1946, in Leningrad (now St Petersburg).

Painter (mixed media), engraver. Artists' books.

From 1954 to 1961 William Bruï attended the school of fine arts in Leningrad. In 1968 left the Soviet Union and travelled on several occasions around France and the USA....