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Article

Argy-Rousseau, Gabriel  

French, 20th century, male.

Born 17 March 1885, in La Ferté-Vidame (Eure-et-Loir); died 1953.

Painter, ceramicist, glassmaker.

Art Nouveau.

Gabriel Argy-Rousseau studied at the school of ceramics in Sèvres. He participated in the Salon d'Automne between 1920 and 1924, and exhibited glassware and enamel work at the Salon des Artistes Français in ...

Article

Bieler, Ernest  

Swiss, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 31 July 1863, in Rolle (Vaud); died 1948, in Lausanne.

Painter, engraver, decorative artist. Figure compositions, figures, portraits. Murals, designs for stained glass, furniture.

Art Nouveau.

Ernest Bieler was the uncle of André Charles Bieler. He studied at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris under Jules Lefebvre and Gustave Boulanger. He divided his time between the mountainous regions of the Valais and the shores of Lake Geneva; his body of work evokes the everyday life of the peasant communities in the Valais and the Canton of Vaud at the beginning of the twentieth century. Bieler was commissioned to paint compositions for the ceiling of the Victoria hall in Geneva; decorative panels and windows for the federal government building in Bern; stained glass windows for the Vevey church of St-Martin; and decorations for the vintners' festival. Additionally, he exhibited woodcut engravings and designed furniture....

Article

Copier, Andries Dirk  

Dutch, 20th century, male.

Born 1901; died 1991.

Glassmaker, designer.

Art Deco.

For a number of years, from 1927 onwards, Andries Copier was artistic director and then vice-president of the royal glass works at Leerdam in the Netherlands. He produced a large number of pieces - vases, tableware and glasses - and continued working until he was very old. His work influenced the succeeding generation of creative artists....

Article

Doesburg, Theo van  

Allan Doig

(b Utrecht, Aug 30, 1883; d Davos, Switzerland, March 7, 1931).

Dutch painter, architect, designer and writer. He was officially registered as the son of Wilhelm Küpper and Henrietta Catharina Margadant, but he was so convinced that his mother’s second husband, Theodorus Doesburg, was his father that he took his name. Little is known of his early life, but he began painting naturalistic subjects c. 1899. In 1903 he began his military service, and around the same time he met his first wife, Agnita Feis, a Theosophist and poet. Between about 1908 and 1910, much influenced by the work of Honoré Daumier, he produced caricatures, some of which were later published in his first book De maskers af! (1916). Also during this period he painted some Impressionist-inspired landscapes and portraits in the manner of George Hendrik Breitner. Between 1914 and 1915 the influence of Kandinsky became clear in such drawings as Streetmusic I and Streetmusic II (The Hague, Rijksdienst Beeld. Kst) and other abstract works....

Article

Gallé, Émile  

French, 19th century, male.

Born 1846, in Nancy; died 1904, in Nancy.

Painter, ceramicist, decorative designer, glassmaker. Figures, still-lifes.

Art Nouveau.

Nancy School.

He studied art in Weimar. Émile Gallé was passionately interested in painting on glass and opened a glassware factory in Nancy in ...

Article

Lalique, René J.  

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 6 April 1860, in Ay; died 1945, in Paris.

Sculptor, glassmaker, worker in precious metals, decorative artist.

Art Nouveau, Art Deco.

René J. Lalique studied at the École des Arts Décoratifs. He gradually moved away from jewellery, an art which he nevertheless revolutionised, to become a master artist in glass in around ...

Article

Leck, Bart Anthony van der  

Dutch, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 26 November 1876, in Utrecht; died 1958, in Blaricum-Amsterdam.

Painter, potter, lithographer. Murals, designs for stained glass.

Groups: De Stijl, Abstraction-Création.

Bart van der Leck started out working for various glassmakers in his native Utrecht before going on to attend the college of industrial arts (where he studied under A.J. van der Kinderen) and then the royal academy of fine arts in Amsterdam. He lived in Amersfoort ...

Article

Suisse, Gaston  

French, 20th century, male.

Born 1 December 1896, in Paris; died 7 March 1988, in Paris.

Pastellist, painter (including gouache/mixed media), draughtsman, designer. Animals. Designs for stained glass, stage costumes and sets.

Art Deco.

In 1913, Gaston Suisse studied at the school of decorative arts in Paris, where he learned the craft of lacquering. In 1920, he was taught by Paul Renouard, David, Albert d'Ys and Kruber. He was a friend of the decorative artist Dunand and of Jouve, Trémont, Sandoz, Petersen and Guyot, with whom he participated in all the major salons. He was awarded the Puvis de Chavannes prize in 1936. He executed decorative works for the Alhambra of Algiers in 1925, for the Galeries Lafayette's Pavillon de la Maîtrise and for the reception hall of the Conseil Municipal de Paris. He designed theatrical sets for the Paris Opéra and costumes for the Comédie-Française. He also produced fabric designs for Madame Duchesne, cartoons for stained glass windows for Grubber and a number of lacquered decorative panels for such celebrated individuals as Jansen, Straub, Ruhlmann and Boyer. He also produced many pencil, charcoal and pastel life drawings of animals which show a great understanding of animals and which he then executed in lacquer....

Article

Wood, Elizabeth Wyn  

Christine Boyanoski

(b Orillia, Ont., Oct 8, 1903; d Toronto, Jan 27, 1966).

Canadian sculptor . She is best known for her modernist interpretations of the Canadian landscape in sculpture, using such unconventional materials as aluminium, tin and glass. She attended the Ontario College of Art in Toronto (1921–6), concentrating on sculpture, which had interested her since childhood. After marrying her instructor Emanuel Hahn (1881–1957) in 1926, Wood went to New York and in 1926–7 studied at the Art Students League with Robert Laurent (1890–1970) and Edward McCarten (1879–1947). In 1927 she began exploring in sculptural form the spatial relationships of landscape elements, based on personal observations recorded in many drawings made in northern Ontario. For one of these works, the marble relief Passing Rain (1928; London, Ont., Reg. A.G.), she was awarded the Lord Willingdon Award for sculpture in 1929. She was also occupied throughout her career with monuments and architectural sculpture, notable examples being the Welland-Crowland War Memorial (...

Article

Zecchin, Vittorio  

Italian, 20th century, male.

Born 1878, in Murano (Venice); died 1947, in Venice.

Painter, tapestry maker, embroiderer, glassmaker, designer. Decorative panels, designs for mosaics.

Symbolism, Art Nouveau.

Vittorio Zecchin ran a tapestry and embroidery workshop before becoming artistic director of the glassworks founded by Cappellin and Venini. Zecchin's painting is close to the decorative approach of Art Nouveau, particularly as seen in the work of Klimt. Naturally figurative in style, it is very crowded and divided into numerous highly ornate planes, making use of both smooth monochromes and rich contrasting colours. The general overall impression is of a pronounced tendency towards orientalism. Even the subject matter of his inspiration adds to this feeling of exoticism. Noted works include the ...