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Article

British, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 9 February 1927, in London; died 9 March 2005, in London.

Painter, illustrator, theatre designer. Religious themes.

London Group.

Norman Adams was a student at Harrow School of Art (1940-1946) before he went on to the Royal College of Art in London (...

Article

Nepalese, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1960, probably in Braktapur, Nepal.

Painter. Religious subjects.

Nuche Kaji Bajracharya belongs to the Newar people, who live in the Kathmandu valley. His paintings are of a strictly religious nature and represent deities of the Buddhist pantheon, or mandalas, in traditional, symbolic colours....

Article

Italian, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1 January 1946, in Asti.

Painter. Religious subjects, genre scenes, landscapes.

Botterro exhibited The Knife and On Golgotha in Milan in 1886, as well as The Companions of Adventure in Milan in 1886 and The Pose in Venice in ...

Article

Romanian, 20th – 21st century, female.

Active in Germany.

Born 24 July 1949, in Bucharest.

Painter, pastellist, draughtswoman. Religious subjects, figure compositions.

Catalina Braun first trained in classical dance at the school of choreography in Bucharest. Having graduated in 1968, she was forced to give up dance following a long illness. She then began to study art at the school of design in Bucharest ...

Article

[CESCM]

French organization founded in Poitiers in 1953. The Centre d’études supérieures de civilisation médiévale (CECSM) is affiliated with the Université de Poitiers, the Centre national de la recherche scientifique (CNRS), and the Ministère de la Culture et de la Communication. The founders, among them historian Edmond-René Labande and art historian René Crozet, began CESCM as a month-long interdisciplinary study of medieval civilization, inviting foreign students to participate. CESCM has since developed into a permanent organization but maintains the international and interdisciplinary focus of its founders.

CESCM continues to hold its formative summer session, known as ‘Les Semaines d’études médiévales’, and invites advanced graduate students of all nationalities. The summer session spans two weeks and includes sessions on a variety of topics, each conducted by a member or affiliate of CESCM. CESCM supports collaborative research groups and regularly holds colloquia attended by the international scholarly community.

Since 1958 CECSM has published ...

Article

Chilean, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1949, in Santiago.

Painter. Figure compositions.

Gonzalo Cienfuegos Browne studied art at the Catholic University of Chile, the Escuela Nacional de Pintura y Escultura La Esmeralda in Mexico City and the University of Architecture and Art in Chile. He was given a teaching post at the school of fine arts of the Catholic University of Santiago de Chile. It would be tempting to describe Cienfuegos Browne's work as naive, were it not quite apparent that this is a studied naivety, as is also the case with Botero. His painting shows a deliberate awkwardness, a very careful clumsiness with rich, harmonious colours which are, however, deliberately tempered and golden. Gerrit Henry has described the scenes Cienfuegos paints as 'psychodramas'. Everything in them is enigmatic: the figures, their different postures, the place the scene is set in and the external setting. Characters look often look out at the viewer with no expression. Women are often nude without apparent reason, their bodies plump and iridescent. His interiors show these expressionless faces, postures of silent expectation and a few unusual objects while on the outside the roughly geometric buildings confirm a reference to Chirico....

Article

Filipino, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1972, in Las Piñas City, Manila, Philippines.

Painter, sculptor. Religious subjects, socio-political themes.

Folk art, symbolism.

Anting-Anting Group.

Alfredo Esquillo Jr. graduated from the University of Santo Tomas College of Fine Arts in 1993. He first gained recognition when he won first prize in the ASEAN Art Awards in ...

Article

Amy Widmayer

[Galliano-Guillen, Juan Carlos Antonio]

(b Gibraltar, Nov 28, 1960).

British fashion designer, active also in France. Half renegade, half romantic, as a designer for Christian Dior, Galliano deftly captured Dior’s essence, creating excessively elegant garments for the modern, youthful woman unafraid of breaking fashion rules (see fig.). Known for his extravagant catwalk shows, over-the-top couture collections and knack for blending street- and high fashion, Galliano’s outrageous adaptations of iconic Dior silhouettes, master tailoring skills and penchant for theatrics, combined with a keen business sense, have earned him the distinction of being one of the most influential designers of his generation.

Born into a family of modest means in Gibraltar and raised in gritty south London, Galliano was educated at the prestigious Central Saint Martin’s College of Art and Design, where he graduated with a first class honours degree in 1984. His final collection at Central Saint Martin’s, entitled ‘Les Incroyables’, was an irreverent nod to the tattered clothing of the French Revolutionaries, and showcased not only his flawless technical skill, but his astute attention to detail and his passion for historical research....

Article

French, 20th – 21st century, male.

Active in Marcilly-sur-Eure from 1984.

Born 10 March 1946, in Paris.

Painter (including gouache), installation artist, sculptor, engraver, draughtsman, illustrator. Mythological subjects, religious subjects, figure compositions, genre scenes, portraits, nudes, landscapes, still-lifes. Wall decorations, stage sets.

Nouvelle Figuration.

Gérard Garouste was mostly self-taught. He went to the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris for a brief period in ...

Article

French, 20th – 21st century, male.

Active around Lyons.

Born 1952, in Lyons.

Painter, draughtsman. Religious subjects, figures, portraits, interiors, landscapes, animals. Frescoes.

Patrice Giorda attended the École des Beaux-Arts in Lyons from 1973 to 1978. To further his training, he went on a study trip to Florence in ...

Article

French, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1952, in Chalon-sur-Saône.

Painter. Religious subjects, figures, portraits, landscapes with figures, still-lifes.

Guérin studied architecture, and began painting in 1974. He lives and works in Alfortville. In his paintings of figures - Breton Crucifix; Figurines in Terracotta, Shower Cap...

Article

French, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 1947, in Tunis.

Painter. Religious subjects, scenes with figures.

Hababou has been working since 1988 on creating an illustrated Bible using 200 of her paintings. She has taken part in collective exhibitions, including: Musée d'Art Naïf, Nice, 1982; Musée d'Art Juif, Paris, ...

Article

French, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 19 July 1951, in Cherbourg.

Painter, pastellist, sculptor. Religious subjects, figures.

Agnès Hemery lives and works in Normandy. The principal subject of her compositions is man. She also created the altarpiece St Leon in the Church of Notre-Dame in Carentan....

Article

British, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 27 March 1958, in London.

Painter, printmaker. Figures, military subjects, religious subjects.

New Glasgow Boys.

Peter Howson moved to Scotland at the age of four. He studied at the Glasgow School of Art from 1975 to 1976, but left to join the Lothian branch of the Royal Highland Fusiliers for nine months. He worked as a nightclub bouncer before returning to Glasgow School of Art where he was taught by Alexander 'Sandy' Moffat. He graduated in 1981 and became a key figure in the revival of figurative painting in Glasgow, along with Adrian Wiszniewski, Ken Currie and Stephen Campbell who became collectively known as the ...

Article

Lacombe  

French, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1955, in St-Étienne.

Painter, sculptor. Religious subjects, figures, still-lifes.

Since 1980, Lacombe has devoted himself exclusively to art. Initially a painter, he later took up sculpture in wood and bronze with figures, created from models or photography, that are very realistic. He lives and works in St Julien-Chapteuil and takes part in regional exhibitions, regularly in the Haute-Loire....

Article

Dutch, 20th – 21st century, male.

Active in Belgium.

Born 1946, in Aardenberg.

Sculptor, medallist. Religious subjects. Statues.

Henri Lannoye studied at the academy of fine art in Tilburg.

Vatican (Mus. Vaticani): Mortification

Article

Uruguayan, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1963, in Montevideo.

Installation artist, draughtsman.

Lanzarini's work draws on the history of his country, shaken by years of dictatorship. His installations with their references to Catholicism and Marxism-Leninism convey the sense of a search for cultural identity. He lives and works in Montevideo. He has taken part in collective exhibitions, including: Havana Biennale and, in ...

Article

Luigi  

Lebanese, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 18 May 1949, in Biblos or Beirut.

Painter, illustrator, scenographer. Religious subjects. Stage sets, murals.

He obtained his degree at the Beirut school of fine arts, where he taught from 1980 to 1983 in the architecture, decorative arts and graphics departments....

Article

Malang  

full name: Mauro Malang Santos

Filipino, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1928, in Santa Cruz, Manila, Philippines.

Painter, cartoonist, illustrator, printmaker. Local genre scenes, figures, landscapes, flora and fauna, folk art.

Saturday Group of Artists.

Malang (Mauro Malang Santos) learned how to draw at the age of ten from a private tutor. In 1946, he studied briefly at the University of the Philippines College of Fine Arts, and then he started working in the art department of the Manila Chronicle newspaper. He created the cartoon Kosme, the Cop, the first daily comic strip in English for the evening edition of the Chronicle. In 1955, together with other cartoonists, he opened the Bughouse, a gallery specializing in cartoons. He also worked at the magazine This Week, where he met the Neo-Realist artist H.R. Ocampo, who noticed his talent and encouraged him to paint. Following Ocampo’s advice, Malang focused wholly on painting beginning in 1965. In that year, together with Ocampo and other artists, he established Gallery Seven. He also took art classes at the Otis Art Institute, Los Angeles, in ...

Article

Maribel  

Spanish, 20th – 21st century, female.

Active in France.

Born 4 June 1946, in Madrid.

Painter, pastellist, draughtswoman. Religious subjects, figures, portraits, scenes with figures, local scenes (bullfighting), landscapes, architectural views, still-lifes.

Maribel was born in Spain and lived in France from the age of nine. She studied with Serge Belloni. She lives and works in Roquefort-des-Corbières, in Aude. She has been much inspired by Spain and produces pastels of dancers, including flamenco and other Spanish dances, singers and musicians, as well as processions and penitents. Her colour range consists of ochres and warm tones, contrasting black and white to dramatic effect....