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Article

German, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1950.

Painter, lithographer, performance artist, photographer. Artists' books.

Fluxus.

Wolf Adam Bottinelli trained at the art academy in Kassel. He appears to have a very free idea of the act of creation, which has brought him close to the ...

Article

German, 20th – 21st century, male.

Active in France.

Born 1955, in Germany.

Painter, sculptor, engraver, illustrator, performance artist.

Alex Cassel arrived in the south of France with his family in 1970, and moved to Paris in 1972. He embarked on a course in law and economics, but in ...

Article

Catherine M. Grant

(b Paris, after 1945).

French performance and installation artist, painter, bookmaker, furniture and interior furnishings designer. Chaimowicz moved to England as a child, studying at Ealing College of Art (1963–5), Camberwell College of Art (1965–8) and the Slade School of Art (1968–70). Whilst completing his MA at the Slade, Chaimowicz decided to abandon painting, and started to make performance work, such as Celebration? Real Life (1972; performed at the Ikon Gallery, Birmingham and Gallery House, London). For the duration of each show, Chaimowicz lived within the domestic space that he had created, serving coffee to visitors to the gallery. His work during the 1970s and early 1980s concentrated on performances in imaginary, idealised domestic spaces, with fragmented narratives and symbolic actions. Partial Eclipse (1980–82) consisted of Chaimowicz walking in a figure of eight in front of and behind a screen on which slides of his apartment/studio were projected, whilst a female voice recounted fragments of meetings, situations and relationships (see ...

Article

Margarita González Arredondo

revised by Ana Garduño

(b Mexico City, Jun 10, 1940).

Mexican painter, sculptor, illustrator, and stage designer. Coen was self-taught when he took up painting in 1956 with the encouragement of Diego Rivera, but from 1956 to 1960 he studied graphic design with the American publicist Gordon Jones. During those years he worked in an Abstract Expressionist manner, although he soon incorporated figurative elements and, from around 1963 onward, elements of fantasy.

In the 1950s until the early 1970s, he was one of the indispensable creators of the collective exhibitions organized by the Juan Martín Gallery, the most important platform for vanguard art in Mexico City at that time. This gallery also dedicated four individual exhibitions to the work of Coen. In 1967 he went to Paris on a French government grant. In the following year he was a founder-member of the Salón Independiente, where he began to exhibit acrylic sculptures of the female torso.

He systematically returned to working the image of the feminine. These were followed between ...

Article

Algerian, 20th – 21st century, male.

Active in Belgium from 1979, naturalised in 1990.

Born 22 April 1952, in Kabylia (Bejaïa).

Painter, illustrator, musician. Local scenes.

Born in the Kabylia region in Algeria, Boubeker was also a storyteller and singer. He paints the everyday life of shepherds, camel herders, women going about their work in the home and garden, creating compositions full of narrative detail with a feel of childlike poetry. Hamsi began exhibiting his paintings in ...

Article

Austrian, 20th – 21st century, female.

Active in Rotterdam and Vienna.

Born 1970, in Vienna.

Painter, draughtswoman, engraver, video artist, performance artist, installation artist, photographer, mixed media. Artists' books.

Elke Krystufek paints her own body, produces self-portraits and writes her thoughts across her works; a woman's life constantly historiated and revisited. Her work is a feminist claim that also illustrates the increasingly artificial boundary between private and public life today and the logical consequences of this: the representation of our emotions, 'déjà-vu' replacing the true 'ego' that the artist is actually trying to reach. Though she accepts an affinity with the Expressionist Egon Schiele, she does not recognise any association with Viennese Actionism. Among her performances, mention may be made of the following: ...

Article

Canadian, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1956, in Vancouver.

Painter, performance artist, installation artist, photographer. Artists' books.

Conceptual Art.

Ken Lum graduated from the University of British Columbia, Vancouver, where he began teaching in 1990. He was a visiting professor in the late 1990s in institutions in Paris, Munich and China. He was awarded a Killam Award for Outstanding Research in ...

Article

Matthias Ulrich

(b Lubin, Poland, Sept 11, 1967).

Polish draughtsman, sculptor, video, performance, and mixed media artist, active in the USA. She grew up in Sweden, where she studied Communications at Schillerska/Gothenburg University in Gothenburg from 1986 to 1987. After moving to New York, Mir earned her BFA for Media Arts at the School of Visual Arts in 1992, and from 1994 to 1996 she studied Cultural Anthropology at the New School for Social Research.

Mir’s practice as an artist refers to popular culture in general, focusing on images and ideas that influence and represent social reality, and investigating popular myths and technologies such as the cinematographic representation of images. The journey to the moon, for example, symbolizing the dominance of the United States during the Cold War, receives through Mir’s appropriation in First Woman on the Moon (1999) a critical reflection, taking into consideration patriarchal power structures as well as the apparent staging of reality through mass media. In her work ...

Article

British, 20th–21st century, male.

Born 1968, in England.

Curator, writer, film-maker, publisher. Artists’ books, installation, performance art.

Simon Morris studied at Kingston Polytechnic, London (1987–1990), Winchester School of Art (1996–1997), and took a practice-based PhD in the School of Fine Art, Leeds University (...

Article

Swiss, 20th – 21st century, female.

Active in Zurich.

Born 21 June 1962, in Rheintal.

Sculptor, video installation artist, video artist, director, musician, poet. Artists' books.

Pipilotti Rist studied at the Universität für Angewandte Kunst in Vienna, then trained in audiovisual techniques at the school of design in Basel. She won the Premio ...

Article

German, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1959, in Bad Dürkheim.

Performance artist, video artist, photographer. Artists' books.

Tom Stark lives and works in Darmstadt. He produces photographs, videos, performances and artists' books. In 1992 he took part in the exhibition From Bonnard to Baselitz: A Decade of Acquisitions by the Prints Collection 1978-1988...

Article

Romanian, 20th – 21st century, male.

Active in France.

Born 5 June 1946, in Bucharest.

Painter, sculptor, draughtsman, illustrator. Religious subjects, figures, portraits, scenes with figures, landscapes, still-lifes, flowers. Icons, frescoes, stage costumes and sets, designs for stained glass.

Michel Stoenesco de Pontbriant is the son of Grégoire and the great-nephew of Eustache Grégoire. He studied at the Academy of Fine Arts of Romania and taught Byzantine art at Helsinki between ...

Article

Chinese, 20th – 21st century, male.

Active in Iceland; Hamburg, Germany; and Shanghai.

Born 1960, in Zhoushan, China.

Installation artist, performance artist, book artist, painter.

In 1986, Wu graduated from the Zhejiang Academy of Fine Arts in Hangzhou and conceived his installation and performance series Red Humour, extracting Chinese characters and phrases from their original contexts in a deconstructive mash-up of advertisements, revolutionary slogans, classical literature, newspapers, and government-issued announcements. Taking aim at art institutions as gatekeepers, Wu performed Big Business: Selling Shrimp outside the China/Avant-Garde exhibition (1989) before Chinese authorities closed his makeshift food stand. Following the violent suppression of demonstrators in Tiananmen Square, Wu left China to live in Iceland and Hamburg, Germany, until 2005. Because he was an early pioneer of experimental art in China, and on account of the centrality of questioning language in his work, critics have often discussed Wu in conjunction with Xu Bing, Gu Wenda, and Qiu Zhijie. Yet Wu’s projects have evinced a sharper conceptual turn. Wu’s artist book, ...