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Article

Brangwyn, Frank (Sir)  

British, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 13 May 1867, in Bruges, Belgium, to English parents; died 11 June 1956, in Ditchling.

Painter (including gouache), watercolourist, engraver, lithographer, illustrator. Religious subjects, figure compositions, figures, local scenes (carnival), rustic scenes, urban landscapes, architectural views, urban views, harbour scenes, seascapes...

Article

Bürck, Paul  

German, 20th century, male.

Born 3 September 1878, in Strasbourg; died 18 April 1947, in Munich.

Painter, graphic designer, draughtsman, interior designer, illustrator, engraver (wood). Designs for tapestries, ex-libris plates, posters, designs (wallpaper/jewellery).

Jugendstil.

Die Sieben (Group of Seven). Darmstadt Artists' Colony.

Paul Bürck was apprenticed to a decorative painter in Munich, and was also able to attend the Kunstgewerbeschule (school of industrial art and design). He was one of the first artists to be invited to the Mathildenhöhe artists' colony in Darmstadt between ...

Article

Cissarz, Johann Vincenz  

German, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 22 January 1873, in Danzig (now Gdansk); died 23 December 1942, in Frankfurt am Main.

Painter, engraver, draughtsman, illustrator, graphic designer, interior designer. History painting, portraits, landscapes. Posters, designs (furniture/jewellery).

Jugendstil.

Darmstadt Artists' Colony.

Johann Vincenz Cissarz trained at the Dresden academy between ...

Article

Diez, Julius  

German, 20th century, male.

Born 8 or 18 September 1870, in Nuremberg; died 13 March 1957, in Munich.

Painter, draughtsman, decorative designer, engraver. History painting. Ex-libris plates, posters, murals, designs for mosaics, designs (ceramics/typefaces/glassware).

Jugendstil.

Julius Diez was the nephew of the painter Wilhelm von Diez. He was a pupil of Ferdinand Barth and Rudolf von Seitz at the Kuntsgewerbeschule in Munich between ...

Article

Eckmann, Otto  

German, 19th century, male.

Born 19 November 1865, in Hamburg; died 11 June 1902, in Badenweiler.

Painter, decorative artist, illustrator, engraver, designer, ceramicist, textile designer. Portraits, landscapes, flowers. Designs for stained glass, designs for tapestries, ex-libris plates, advertising posters, fabrics, ceramics, metal objects, ironware, lamps, furniture, typefaces, jewellery, wallpaper...

Article

Hofmann, Ludwig von  

German, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 17 August 1861, in Darmstadt (Hesse); died 23 August 1945, in Pillnitz, near Dresden.

Painter, lithographer, engraver, illustrator, pastellist, decorative designer. Mythological subjects, genre scenes, landscapes.

Symbolism, Jugendstil.

Group of Eleven (Gruppe der Elf).

Ludwig von Hofmann was born into the wealthy middle class in Germany. His father was a senior adviser to Bismarck, and his uncle was the painter Johann Michael Heinrich Hofmann. Later, he would be taught by his uncle at the Kunstakademie, Dresden (1883-1886), but first he studied law. He completed his art education in the academies of Karlsruhe, under the supervision of Ferdinand Keller, from 1886 to 1888, and Munich. In 1889, he went to study at the Académie Julian in Paris, where he discovered Puvis de Chavannes and Albert Besnard. From 1891 to 1894, he lived in Berlin and Munich, and became interested in the work of Hugo von Marées, before moving to Rome. In 1892, he became a founder member of the Group of Eleven with Corinth, Liebermann, Skarbina and Leistikow, precursors of the Berlin Secession of 1899. In 1903, he became a professor at the Kunstakademie in Weimar, and in 1916 professor of mural art at the Kunstakademie Dresden, where he remained until 1931. He was a founder member of the Deutscher Künstlerbund (German Federation of Artists). 1918 saw the publication of a monograph by Edwin Redlob: ...

Article

Jungnickel, Ludwig Heinrich  

German, 20th century, male.

Active then naturalised in 1918 in Austria.

Born 27 July 1881, in Wunsiedel (Upper Franconia); died 1965, in Vienna.

Painter, engraver (wood), draughtsman, illustrator, lithographer, watercolourist, illustrator. Figures, animals. Designs for carpets, designs (wallpapers).

Jugendstil.

Ludwig Heinrich Jungnickel studied at the Kunstgewerbeschule in Munich in 1896, and then, after his family moved to Austria, at the Akademie der Bildenden Künste in Vienna in 1899, under the supervision of Christian Griepenkerl and August Eisenmenger. In Vienna, he worked for various design companies, producing designs for wallpaper and similar work, and starting his collaboration with the Wiener Werkstätte (Vienna Studio) in 1903. Around 1906, he completed his training at the Vienna Akademie der Bildenden Künste in graphic art, where he learned engraving with William Unger. He taught at the Kunstgewerbeschule in Frankfurt from 1911. He was a member of the Deutscher Werkbund. He formed a friendship with Egon Schiele and Kokoschka. He obtained Austrian nationality in 1918 and, between 1921 and 1930, travelled regularly to Italy, visiting Rome, Naples and Sicily. The Nazis banned him from practising his art and subjected him to persecution. He withdrew to Split in 1938. On returning to Austria in 1952, he was rehabilitated and received the title of professor, and his art was acclaimed....

Article

Leistikow, Walter  

German, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 25 October 1865, in Bromberg (now Bydgoszcz, Poland); died 24 July 1908, in Schlachtensee (Berlin).

Painter (including gouache), watercolourist, draughtsman, engraver, illustrator, decorative designer, writer. Landscapes, landscapes with figures, waterscapes. Posters, designs for carpets, designs for tapestries, designs (wallpapers/book-binding)...

Article

Pankok, Bernhard  

German, 20th century, male.

Born 16 May 1872, in Münster; died 5 April 1943, in Baierbrunn (Upper Bavaria), in Munich according to other sources.

Architect, painter, draughtsman, illustrator, engraver, sculptor, interior designer, graphic designer. Portraits, landscapes with figures, landscapes, portraits. Stage sets, designs (furniture).

Jugendstil, Art Deco...

Article

Toulouse-Lautrec, Henri de  

French, 19th century, male.

Born 24 November 1864, in Albi; died 9 September 1901, in Château de Malromé (Gironde).

Painter, ceramicist, printmaker (lithography), draughtsman, caricaturist, illustrator, decorative designer. Genre scenes, portraits, figures, nudes, animals. Designs for stained glass.

Japonisme, Art Nouveau.

Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec was the son of Count Alphonse de Toulouse-Lautrec Monfa and Countess Toulouse-Lautrec Monfa, née Adèle Tapié de Céleyran. Toulouse-Lautrec’s father had a typically aristocratic love of art and sport, above all hunting (he reared falcons on his estates and even brought them with him to Paris). The young Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec was in all probability destined to follow in his father’s footsteps until, within a period of one year, between 1878 and 1879, he broke first one thighbone, then the other. Despite both the medical care he received and extended convalescence, his legs atrophied (probably the result of calcium deficiency) and he was left unable to walk properly, let alone indulge in sports. As an antidote to long periods of inactivity and boredom, he began to draw and paint, as his father, uncles, and grandfather had done before him – albeit out of choice, rather than necessity....