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Article

LI Qun  

Chinese, 20th century, male.

Born 1912, in Shanxi.

Wood engraver, illustrator.

Li Qun studied at the national art academy in Zhejiang (Hangzhou) and taught at the Lu Xun academy from 1940 to 1945. He founded the Hang Zhou journal The People’s Illustrated, was vice president of the Shanxi Literary Association and the China Woodcut Association, and then became honorary president of the China Etching Association....

Article

Okumura Masanobu  

Juliann Wolfgram

[Baiō]

(b 1686; d 1764).

Japanese print designer, painter, book illustrator and publisher. Although Masanobu’s artistic career spanned six decades, Edo-period (1600–1868) documents reveal little about his life. However, his prolific artistic output and technical innovations make him one of the leading figures of the early history of Japanese woodblock printing and ukiyoe (‘pictures of the floating world’, see Japan §X 2., (iii)). He began his career in 1701 with a copy of an album of courtesans known as Keisei ehon (‘Yoshiwara picture book’; Chicago, IL, A. Inst.) by Torii Kiyonobu I (see Torii family, §1). His earliest sumizurie (‘black-and-white pictures’) were based on the subject-matter and style of the Torii school and were published in sets of 12 large prints (ōban) or in illustrated books (ehon). Masanobu illustrated no less than 19 novelettes and produced over 30 ehon (see Japan §X 2.). During the formative stage of his career, Masanobu also wrote popular fiction, which led him to develop a pictorial means of conveying literary wit and humour. Through the production of visual parodies of classical themes, known as ...

Article

Zhang Yangxi  

Chinese, 20th century, male.

Born 1912, in Chengdu (Sichuan); died 1964.

Painter, engraver, illustrator. Scenes with figures.

Zhang Yangxi was a woodcut engraver of the Realist school. He studied at Chengdu and in 1945 was appointed art editor of the Chengdu Ziyu Huabao, an illustrated weekly specialising in social satire. He was appointed chairman of the print-making department of the Central Academy of Fine Art (CAFA) in ...