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Blondeel, Lanceloot  

Paul Huvenne

[Lancelot]

(b ?Poperinghe, 1488; d Bruges, bur March 4, 1581).

South Netherlandish painter, draughtsman, designer, architect, civil engineer, cartographer and engraver. He is said to have trained as a bricklayer, and the trowel he used to add as his housemark next to his monogram lab testifies to this and to his pretensions as an architectural designer. In 1519 he was registered as a master painter in the Bruges Guild of St Luke, where he chose as his speciality painting on canvas. The following year he collaborated with the little-known painter Willem Cornu in designing and executing 12 scenes for the Triumphal Entry of Emperor Charles V into Bruges. From then onwards Blondeel received regular commissions, mainly as a designer and organizer. Records of legal actions show that he was sometimes late with commissions; he took seven years to execute a Last Judgement ordered in 1540 for the council chamber at Blankenberge, and in 1545 the Guild of St Luke summoned him for his failure to supply their guild banner on time. Blondeel was married to Kathelyne, sister of the wood-carver ...

Article

Coecke [Cock; Coeck; Coeke; Kock; Koecke] van Aelst [van Alost], Pieter, I  

Jane Campbell Hutchison

(b Aelst [now Aalst], Aug 14, 1502; d Brussels, Dec 6, 1550).

South Netherlandish painter, sculptor, architect and designer of woodcuts, stained glass and tapestries. Son of the Deputy Mayor of the village of Aelst, he was married twice, first to Anna van Dornicke (d 1529), the daughter of the Antwerp painter Jan Mertens, who may have been his teacher; they had two children, Michel van Coecke and Pieter van Coecke II (before 1527–59), the latter of whom became a painter. He later married Mayken Verhulst, herself a painter of miniatures and the mother of three children, Pauwel, Katelijne and Maria; they are shown with their parents in Coecke’s Family Portrait (Zurich, Ksthaus). Mayken is credited with having taught the technique of painting in tempera on cloth to her son-in-law, Pieter Bruegel the elder, who married Maria in 1563. (For family tree see Bruegel family.) Van Mander also stated that Bruegel was Coecke’s apprentice, an allegation no longer universally accepted in view of their substantial stylistic differences. Although the names of other students of Coecke’s, including ...

Article

Kempeneer, Peter [Peeter] de  

Nicole Dacos

[Campaña; Pedro (de)]

(b Brussels, c. 1503; d Brussels, c. 1580).

South Netherlandish painter, tapestry designer and sculptor, active also in Italy and Spain. His biography is known almost exclusively from Spanish sources. The date of his birth is given as 1503 by Pacheco in the Arte (1649; although this contradicts his earlier Libro de retratos 1599); the same birthdate was provided by Palomino and by Céan Bermúdez, who, unlike the earlier writers, added a death date in Brussels of 1580. Kempeneer belonged to a well-known Brussels family of painters and tapestry designers. Before leaving for Italy, he must have trained as a tapestry designer, under the influence of Raphael’s tapestry cartoons of the Acts of the Apostles, which at this date were in Brussels, and those of the Scuola Nuova from Raphael’s workshop. Kempeneer also trained under Bernard van Orley, in whose workshop he painted the grisailles on the back of a Last Judgement—St Stephen and St Mark Giving Alms...

Article

Kriechbaum, Ulrich  

Lothar Schultes

[Neunhauser-Kriechbaum]

(fl 1450–72).

German painter, sculptor, glass painter, and embroiderer. He took over the workshop of the Munich painter Conrad Sachs around 1450. In 1468 he received the Aubing tithe from Polling Abbey, probably as payment for work. Shortly afterwards he contracted to deliver ‘ein grosse Tafel mit pildren, flügn und anderen notdurften’ (a big altar panel with pictures, wings, and other essentials) to Göttweig Abbey (Wachau, Lower Austria); this altar, dedicated to the Virgin, was completed after Ulrich’s death by his ?stepbrother Martin. Erasmus Grasser probably took over Ulrich’s workshop.

Ulrich painted a view of the city (destr.) formerly in the Munich Rathaus. Undocumented works attributable to him are: the painted Crucifixion (c. 1455) in the Frauenkirche at Munich; the figures of enthroned Virgins at Maria Ramersdorf and Andechs (c. 1467 or after); the altar fragments at the former Cistercian abbey of Fürstenfeldbruck (c. 1470); and the enthroned Virgin in the shrine of the winged altar at Maria Laach am Jauerling (Wachau, Lower Austria), which must have been carved ...

Article

Roome [Brussel], Jan van  

Louise S. Milne

[Jean de Bruxelles]

(fl 1498–1521).

South Netherlandish painter and designer of tapestry cartoons, stained-glass windows, and sculpture. He is first documented in 1498, as a Brother of Our Lady of the Seven Sorrows, and later became court painter at Mechelen and Brussels to Margaret of Austria, Regent of the Spanish Netherlands. Jan’s widely imitated tapestry designs, filled with graceful, melancholic figures set in a mixture of Late Gothic and Renaissance architecture, helped to create a uniform style in Brussels tapestries in the first quarter of the 16th century. The basis for attributing tapestries to Jan, or his workshop, is the documented series of the Story of Herkinbald (Brussels, Musées Royaux A. & Hist.), which was made for the Confraternity of the Holy Sacrament at Leuven and for the design for which Jan was paid 2.5 Rhenish guilders and some wine in 1513. His collaborators were the painter ‘Philips’ [Maître Phillipe] and the weaver ‘...