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Ahyi, Paul  

Christine Mullen Kreamer

(b Jan 25, 1930; d Lomé, Jan 4, 2010).

Togolese painter, sculptor, engraver, stained glass designer, potter and textile designer. Beginning in 1946, he received his secondary education in Dakar, where he also worked in an architecture firm. He travelled to France and received his diplôme supérieur from the Ecole des Beaux-Arts, Paris. A versatile artist, Ahyi is best known for his murals and for monumental stone, marble and cement public sculptures. His work reflects the fusion of his Togolese roots, European training and an international outlook, and he counts among his influences Moore, Braque, Modigliani, Tamayo, Siqueiros and Tall. His work combines ancient and modern themes and materials, maternity being a prominent topic. The messages of his larger, public pieces operate on a broad level to appeal to the general populace, while smaller works often reflect his private engagement with challenges confronting the human condition. His compositions are both abstract and figurative and evoke the heroism and hope of the two world wars, Togo's colonial period and the struggle for independence from France, as well as the political efforts of the peoples of Vietnam, South Africa and Palestine. Ahyi has won numerous international prizes, including the prize of the city of Lyon (...


Aricò, Gianni  

Italian, 20th century, male.

Born 1941, in Aricò.

Sculptor, painter, glassmaker. Religious subjects, figures, animals.

Gianni Aricò received a diploma in architecture from Venice University in 1971. In 1974 he set up his sculpture studio in the de-consecrated church of S Andrea della Zirada in Venice....


Baer, Oswald  

Austrian, 20th century, male.

Active in Weimar.

Born 1906, in Silesia; died 1941, in Jena.

Painter. Designs for stained glass, murals.

Weimar Secession.

Oswald Baer studied architecture in Vienna, then sculpture in Weimar, and was one of the founders of the Weimar Secession in 1932...


Baes, (Pierre-)Jean(-Baptiste)  

Alfred Willis

(b Brussels, Aug 20, 1848; d Ixelles, Brussels, Dec 13, 1914).

Belgian architect, designer, painter and writer . He came from a family of artists: one brother, Charles Baes, was a glass painter and two others, Henri Baes and Pierre Baes, were decorative painters. Jean Baes studied decorative design at the Académie Royale des Beaux-Arts, Brussels, and, from 1867 to 1871, in the firm of Charle-Albert. He subsequently trained in architecture in the studios of Emile Janlet, Wynand Janssens and Alphonse Balat. Baes devoted most of his professional career—which was cut short in 1895 by a debilitating illness—to architecture but he also worked as an interior designer, a graphic designer, an architectural draughtsman and, especially, as a watercolourist of architectural subjects. In 1872 he was a founder-member of Belgium’s Société Centrale d’Architecture and after 1874 he collaborated on its journal, L’Emulation. In 1886 he became Assistant Director of the newly established Ecole des Arts Décoratifs, Brussels, where his pupils included Paul Hankar and ...


Behrens, Peter  

German, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 14 April 1868, in Hamburg; died 27 February 1940, in Berlin.

Painter, draughtsman, engraver, architect, designer, decorative artist, graphic designer. Posters, furniture, wallpaper, carpets, glassware, ceramics, table services, jewellery, silverwork, objets d'art, typefaces.

Jugendstil, functional school.

Die Sieben (Group of Seven), Deutscher Werkbund...


Blank, André  

Belgian, 20th century, male.

Born 1914, in Raeren.

Painter, fresco artist. Designs for stained glass.

Blank studied at the Liège institute of architecture and decorative arts. He is known primarily for stained glass and fresco work executed with a severe economy of style.


Bruynseraede, René  

Belgian, 20th century, male.

Born 1909, in Ghent.

Painter, illustrator, architect. Portraits, urban landscapes, still-lifes. Wall decorations, designs for stained glass, posters.

René Bruynseraede was educated at Ghent academy. He participated in group exhibitions from 1928, almost without exception in Belgium and predominantly in his native Ghent. He exhibited solo from ...


Carlu, Anne  

French, 20th century, female.

Born 1895; died 15 July 1972.

Painter, draughtsman. Nudes, portraits. Murals, designs for stained glass.

Anne Carlu was the wife of architect Jean Carlu. She worked on a monumental scale on the decoration of public spaces. Anne Carlu's drawings are mainly serene and classic portraits and nudes....


Castano, Jorge Pérez  

Cuban, 20th century, male.

Born 17 June 1932, in Havana.

Painter. Designs for stained glass.

Jorge Pérez Castano studied architecture at the university in Havana. He traveled to Paris where he studied stained glass.


Chevalley, Pierre  

Swiss, 20th century, male.

Born 6 March 1926, in Yverdon.

Painter, stained glass painter. Designs for tapestries, designs for stained glass, murals, architectural integration.

Pierre Chevalley studied at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris. From 1973 to 1991 he taught painting at the École Cantonale des Beaux-Arts in Lausanne....


David, Jean  

Israeli, 20th century, male.

Active from 1948 active in Israel.

Born 16 December 1908, in Bucharest.

Painter, engraver, poster artist, graphic designer, decorative designer. Designs for tapestries, and stained glass windows.

He was an architecture student at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris, where he later studied painting at the Scandinavian Academy and at the Académie Julian ...


Doesburg, Theo van  

Allan Doig

(b Utrecht, Aug 30, 1883; d Davos, Switzerland, March 7, 1931).

Dutch painter, architect, designer and writer. He was officially registered as the son of Wilhelm Küpper and Henrietta Catharina Margadant, but he was so convinced that his mother’s second husband, Theodorus Doesburg, was his father that he took his name. Little is known of his early life, but he began painting naturalistic subjects c. 1899. In 1903 he began his military service, and around the same time he met his first wife, Agnita Feis, a Theosophist and poet. Between about 1908 and 1910, much influenced by the work of Honoré Daumier, he produced caricatures, some of which were later published in his first book De maskers af! (1916). Also during this period he painted some Impressionist-inspired landscapes and portraits in the manner of George Hendrik Breitner. Between 1914 and 1915 the influence of Kandinsky became clear in such drawings as Streetmusic I and Streetmusic II (The Hague, Rijksdienst Beeld. Kst) and other abstract works....


Dupuis, Alain  

French, 20th century, male.

Born 1938, in St-Germain (Yvelines); died 2006.

Painter. Designs for stained glass windows, designs for tapestries.

Dupuis exhibited in Switzerland, Venice and Paris. His works were mainly designed for architectural settings.


Génolhac, Pierre Albert  

French, 20th century, male.

Born 27 February 1896; died June 1964.

Watercolourist, pastellist, painter (gouache), engraver, illustrator, sculptor. Figures, nudes, portraits, interiors with figures, still-lifes, landscapes, architectural views. Designs for stained glass.

Pierre Albert Génolhac studied at the Nice art school from 1917 to 1918...


Knaepen, Jos  

Belgian, 20th century, male.

Born 1939, in St-Trond.

Painter, glass painter. Cartoons for stained glass.

Jos Knaepen attended the institute of architecture in Hasselt.


Londot, Louis-Marie  

Belgian, 20th century, male.

Born 1924, in Namur.

Painter, assemblage artist. Scenes with figures. Murals, designs for stained glass.

Louis-Marie Londot took part in architectural collaborations in churches and public buildings. He often painted on a grand scale.

Brussels (Mus. royaux des Beaux-Arts de Belgique)...


Manessier, Alfred  

Dora Vallier

(b Saint-Ouen, nr Amiens, Dec 5, 1911; d Orléans-La Source, Aug 1, 1993).

French painter and decorative artist. His earliest training was at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts at Amiens. In 1929 he moved to Paris, where he registered to study architecture at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts, although he did not complete the course. He made copies of Old Master paintings at the Louvre and frequented the Académies Libres. At the Académie Ranson in 1935 he met Roger Bissière, who was teaching there, and became friendly with a small group of his students: Jean Le Moal (1909–96), Jean Bertholle (b 1909) and the sculptor Etienne-Martin. He exhibited for the first time with them in 1938 at the Galerie Breteau in Paris. In 1943 he went on a Trappist retreat and became a believer, an event that was to leave its mark on all his work. He executed several commissions for stained-glass windows for churches in France and abroad, in 1948–50...


Mir y Trinxet, Joaquín  

Spanish, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 6 January 1873, in Barcelona; died 27 April 1940, in Vilanova i la Geltrú (Catalonia).

Painter, draughtsman (including charcoal), illustrator, decorative designer. Landscapes, seascapes, architectural views, urban views, harbour scenes. Wall decorations, designs for stained glass.

Joaquín Mir y Trinxet's father made him study with a view to a commercial career. He was a pupil at the Escuela de Bellas Artes in Barcelona. He was part of the art groups in Barcelona ...


Morisot, Auguste  

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1857, in Seurre (Côte d'Or); died 1951, in Brussels.

Painter, draughtsman, watercolourist, designer of ornamental architectural features, designer. Portraits, figures, interiors, genre scenes, landscapes. Designs for stained glass, furniture.

Symbolism, Art Nouveau.

Auguste Morisot was a pupil at the École des Beaux-Arts in Lyons. He was sent on a mission to Venezuela in ...


Moscatelli, Yvan  

Italian, 20th century, male.

Active from 1959 in Switzerland.

Born 15 February 1944, in the Val Sesia.

Painter, draughtsman, pastellist, engraver. Designs for stained glass, architectural integration.

Moscatelli spent his childhood in Borgosesia (Piedmont), training initially as a baker and patissier while at the same time studying drawing. From ...