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Article

British, 20th century, male.

Born 25 June 1932, in Dartford.

Painter, collage artist, draughtsman, illustrator, sculptor.

Pop Art.

The Brotherhood of Ruralists.

Peter Blake studied between 1953 and 1956 at the Royal College of Art in London, from where the second wave of English Pop Art was launched, thanks to the spontaneous activity of its pupils. He was awarded the Leverhulme Research Award in 1956, to study popular art. Between 1956 and 1957 he made an extended journey to Europe (France, Italy, Spain, Holland and Belgium), and in 1961 was awarded the first Junior Prize from the John Moores Liverpool Exhibition. In 1964 he was appointed a lecturer at the Royal College of Art in London and at the Walthamstow School of Art. In 1975 he was a founder member of the group of artists called The Brotherhood of Ruralists, whose participating artists had as their joint preoccupation an interest with a romantic connotation for the countryside and landscape. He left the group in 1983, at the time of his retrospective exhibition at the Tate Gallery in London. From 1994 to 1996 he was Associate Artist at the National Gallery in London....

Article

American, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 18 November 1933, in McPherson (Kansas); died 7 July 2008, in San Francisco.

Painter, draughtsman, printmaker, collage artist, assemblage artist, sculptor, filmmaker.

Pop Art, Funk Art.

Bruce Conner studied at Wichita University; at the University of Nebraska, Lincoln, where he received a BFA in 1956; at Brooklyn Art School (1956); and at the University of Colorado (1957). He moved to San Francisco in 1957, where he was a prominent figure in the Beat community. In the 1950s, Conner began to create complex assemblages of found objects such as costume jewellery, bicycle wheels, broken dolls – often shrouded in women’s nylon stockings or combined with collaged and painted surfaces. His assemblages explored the concepts of beauty, death, and loss of innocence, and often displayed a sense of morbid eroticism, as in The Bride (1960) and Ratbastard (1958). Conner began to produce short films in ...

Article

British, 20th century, male.

Born 2 September 1939, in Godalming (Surrey).

Painter, collage artist, sculptor. Figures.

Pop Art.

Anthony Donaldson studied at the Slade School in London until 1962 and then at the Chelsea School of Fine Art. He was quick to pick up on the Pop Art that was popular in the 1960s and that derived its imagery from advertising, the cinema and magazines, and he soon became one of the major figures of British Pop Art. He used a collage technique to evoke striptease shows, showing a preference for muscular, sporty beauties. Later his painting became disengaged from the anecdotal element while still relying on images drawn from the mass media, advertising and photography....

Article

Italian, 20th century, male.

Born 1942, in Turin.

Painter, sculptor, installation artist, performance artist.

Computer Art (Virtual Art).

Gilardi came into favour with the great wave of Pop Art that broke over the USA, but stood apart from it, sympathising more with the exponents of Arte Povera. He creates his ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1 June 1937, in Nashville (Tennessee).

Painter, sculptor, draughtsman, performance artist, environmental artist, installation artist, film maker.

Neo-Dadaism, Pop Art.

Born Charles Rogers Grooms, the red-headed Red Grooms studied at the School of the Art Institute of Chicago (1955...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 15 May 1930, in Allendale (South Carolina) or Augusta (Georgia).

Painter, sculptor, draughtsman, printmaker, mixed media, costume and set designer, illustrator. Encaustic.

Neo-Dadaism, Pop Art.

Jasper Johns grew up in South Carolina. He attended courses in art and painting at the University of South Carolina and, in 1948, enrolled in a commercial art school for two semesters in New York City. He served in the US Army for two years during the Korean War but was able to resume his studies at City College in New York in 1953, thanks to the GI Bill. It was at this time that he met his lifelong friend Robert Rauschenberg, the composer John Cage, and the dancer Merce Cunningham. He acted as artistic adviser for Cage and Cunningham’s dance company until 1972, collaborating with painters such as Robert Morris, Frank Stella, Bruce Nauman, and Andy Warhol. He lives and works in New York State and St Martin in the French West Indies. He has been a member of the New York Academy of Arts and Letters since 1988....

Article

Swedish, 20th century, male.

Active in the United States.

Born 1929, in Stockholm.

Sculptor, painter, mixed media, watercolourist, lithographer, draughtsman, performance artist.

Neo-Dadaism, Pop Art.

The son of a Swedish consular official, Claes Oldenburg arrived in the United States with his family in 1929. From 1946 to 1950, he studied art and literature at Yale. After working as a reporter and illustrator, he abandoned journalism in 1952 and attended the Art Institute in Chicago until 1954, exhibiting thereafter in local galleries. In 1956, he settled in New York, where he survived on odd jobs, through which he became familiar with the New York street scene. He met Allan Kaprow, the American artist, art theorist, and main creator of ...

Article

British, 20th century, male.

Born 7 March 1924, in Leith, near Edinburgh; died 22 April 2005, in London.

Painter (gouache), collage artist, draughtsman, sculptor (mixed media), potter. Designs for mosaics.

Pre-Pop Art.

Eduardo Paolozzi attended Edinburgh College of Art, St Martin's School of Art in London, and then studied sculpture at the Slade School of Fine Art. From ...

Article

American, 20th – 21st century, male.

Active in New York City.

Born 23 November 1958, in Los Angeles.

Painter (mixed media), sculptor.

Neo-Pop Art.

Kenny Scharf studied at the School of Visual Arts, New York, obtaining a BFA in 1980. At college he met artists Keith Haring and Jean-Michel Basquiat, whose work in the graffiti art movement influenced Scharf, as seen by the graffitied wall in his painting ...

Article

British, 20th century, male.

Born 1928, in London.

Painter, sculptor, mixed media, engraver, screen printer. Wall decorations.

Pop Art.

Joseph Tilson was initially a carpenter-joiner and subsequently made use of this skill in his artistic creations. After military service in the Royal Air Force he studied at St Martin's School of Art and the Royal College of Art in London from 1949 to 1955. He won the Knapping Prize and the Rome Prize in 1955, which enabled him to spend two years in Italy. In 1961 he won the Gulbenkian Scholarship for young painters. He also spent some time in Spain. He taught at the University of London, the Institute of Visual Art in New York and the Hamburg School of Fine Art. He was elected an associate of the Royal Academy in 1985 and a full member in 1991....

Article

German, 20th century, male.

Active since 1960 active in France.

Born 1936, in Hamburg.

Painter (mixed media), draughtsman, collage artist, sculptor of assemblages, engraver, lithographer, illustrator.

Pop Art, Nouvelle Figuration, Figuration Narrative.

Jan Voss attended the Kunstakademie in Munich from 1955 to 1960. In 1960 he went to live in Paris. In 1966-1967 he was invited to the Kunstakademie in Hamburg as a painting instructor. From 1987 to 1992 he taught at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris....

Article

Grischka Petri

(b Leverkusen, nr Cologne, Oct 14, 1932; d Berlin, April 3, 1998).

German painter, sculptor, décollagist, composer, video artist, and performance artist. He was one of the fathers of the European Happening movement. Vostell studied typography, lithography, and painting in Cologne, Wuppertal, Paris, and Düsseldorf (1950–58). In 1959 he married Mercedes Guardado Olivenza in Cáceres, Spain. Early in his career he discovered Décollage , a technique of cutting, tearing away or otherwise removing pieces of an image. His spelling of the term, dé-coll/age, underlined the term’s dialectical implications of destruction and creation. In the 1960s he worked with chemicals to transfer the process to photography, video, and film, turning it into an all-encompassing strategy of image deconstruction, often within the iconographic framework of violence and sexuality as communicated by mass media.

Vostell’s combined décollage with car parts and television sets, being one of the first artists using such a device as part of a sculpture in 1958. In 1962 he joined the ...