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Artis, William Ellisworth  

American, 20th century, male.

Born 2 February 1914, in Washington (North Carolina), 1919, according to some sources; died 1977.

Sculptor, print artist, ceramicist, illustrator.

William E. Artis studied at the University of Syracuse, New York, New York State University and the Art Students League, New York. He was also a student of Augusta Savage at the Harlem Community Art Center, New York. Artis expressed his humanist ideals by depicting impassive faces in a purified style, combining African and classical sculpture....


Billops, Camille  

American, 20th century, female.

Born 1934, in Los Angeles.

Sculptor, ceramicist, draughtswoman, print artist, photographer, film maker. Figures, scenes with figures. Murals.

Camille Billops has a BA from California State College and an MFA from City College in New York. She settled in New York, where in ...


Johnson, Sargent Claude  

American, 20th century, male.

Born 7 October 1887, in Boston; died 10 October 1967, in San Francisco.

Sculptor (including wood), draughtsman, watercolourist, print artist, lithographer, ceramicist. Murals, mosaics.

Sargent Claude Johnson had an unsettled childhood. At the age of ten he lost his father, at the age of fifteen his mother, and was raised first by an uncle, then by his grandparents, and finally in an orphanage in Worcester, Massachusetts. He moved to the Bay area in ...


Maynard, Valerie J.  

American, 20th century, female.

Born in New York.

Engraver, sculptor, designer. Stage costumes and sets, murals, ceramics.

Valerie J. Maynard studied at the New School, New York, and Goddard College, Plainfield (Vermont). She is based in Baltimore (Maryland). She has exhibited in Sweden, Nigeria and, in the USA, at the Studio Museum in Harlem, New York, in ...


Savage, Augusta Christine  

American, 20th century, female.

Born 29 February 1892, in Green Cove Springs (Florida); died 26 March 1962, in New York.

Sculptor (clay/plaster/bronze). Portraits. Busts.

Harlem Renaissance.

306 Group.

After experiencing difficulty in establishing herself as a sculptor in the South, Augusta Savage moved to New York in ...


Simms, Carroll Harris  

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1924, in Bald Knob (Arkansas).

Painter, sculptor (including bronze), ceramicist, jeweller. Religious subjects, figures, animals. Murals, designs for stained glass, mosaics.

Starting in 1944, Carroll Harris Simms studied at Hampton Institute, Hampton, Virginia, the University of Toledo, and the Toledo Museum School of Art. He was the first African-American to graduate from the Cranbrook Academy of Art, Bloomfield Hills, Michigan. He went on to study at the Slade School of Art of the University of London, the Royal College of Art, London, the Swedish Institute, Stockholm, and the Institute of African Studies of the University of Ibadan, Nigeria. From ...


Smith, John Henry  

American, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1879.

Sculptor (including wood/stone), ceramicist.

John Henry Smith was self-taught. His work seems to have been in circulation during the first exhibitions of African-American artists in the USA, which were held in the 1940s. Like other black artists of the time, such as Beauford Delaney and Palmer Hayden, he worked as a janitor. Little else is known of his life, and even the date of his death is unknown....